Hong Kong legislative election, 1995

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Hong Kong legislative election, 1995

1991 ←
members
7 September 1995
members elected
→ 1996 (Provisional)
members

All 60 seats to the Legislative Council
  First party Second party Third party
  Martin-lee-campaign2004.JPG Allen Lee at 71demo 2008.jpg Tsang Yok-sing at VP New Year Fair 2009.jpg
Leader Martin Lee Allen Lee Jasper Tsang
Party Democratic Liberal DAB
Alliance Pro-democracy Pro-Beijing Pro-Beijing
Leader's seat Island East New Territories Northeast Kowloon Central
(lost)
Last election new new new
Seats before 15 15 1
Seats won 19
(12 GCs + 5 FCs + 2 EC)
10
(1 GC + 9 FCs)
6
(2 GCs + 2 FCs + 2 EC)
Seat change Increase4 Decrease5 Increase5
Popular vote 385,428 15,126 142,801
Percentage 41.9% 1.6% 15.7%

LegCoElection1995.svg

Elected candidates by each geographical constituency

– DP – DAB – ADPL – LP – Independent


President before election

Sir John Joseph Swaine
Nonpartisan

Elected President

Andrew Wong
Independent

The 1995 Hong Kong Legislative Council general election for members of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong (LegCo) was held on 7 September 1995. It was the last legislative election of the colonial Hong Kong government before transferring Hong Kong's sovereignty to China two years later. The elections returned 20 members from directly elected geographical constituencies, 30 members from functional constituencies, and 10 members from elections committee.

Background[edit]

The electoral bases were largely expanded under the 1994 Hong Kong electoral reform carried out by the last colonial governor Chris Patten as the last step of democratisation as following:[1]

New nine functional constituencies with much larger eligible electorates was created to broaden the franchise to 2.7 millions new voters:

  1. Agriculture, Fisheries, Mining, Energy and Construction
  2. Textiles and Garment
  3. Maufacturing
  4. Import and Export
  5. Wholesale and Retail
  6. Hotels and Catering
  7. Transport and Communication
  8. Financing, Insurance, Real Estate and Business Services
  9. Community, Social and Personal Services

Overview[edit]

The United Democrats of Hong Kong and the Meeting Point, the two major pro-democracy forces had founded the Democratic Party in 1994, while the pro-business legislators had formed the Liberal Party in 1993 and the Communist-controlled politicians established the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB), today's largest political party.

Solicitor Ambrose Lau, in the direction of the New China News Agency founded the Hong Kong Progressive Alliance which consisted of mostly pro-business factor of the CCP's united front. Other grassroots leaders were also encouraged by the CCP to stand in the election against the pro-democracy camp.

Succeeding the last election in 1991, Democratic Party, together with other smaller parties, groups and independents in the pro-democracy camp, had another landslide victory again, getting 17 of the 20 geographical constituency seats. Allen Lee, the Chairman of the Liberal Party and the Appointed Member in the LegCo got elected in the geographical constituency direct election. The Chairman of the DAB, Jasper Tsang however got defeated by Bruce Liu of pro-democracy ADPL in Kowloon Central.

The Government of the People's Republic of China overthrew the promise of the "through train" (letting the members elected in the 1995 election travel safely through 1997 and beyond) and set up the Provisional Legislative Council in 1996, after the proposal package of electoral changes for the 1995 Legislative Council elections that was deemed unconstitutional by the PRC was passed in the Legislative Council.

General Outcome[edit]

e • d Overall Summary of the 7 September 1995 Legislative Council of Hong Kong election results
Political Affiliation Geographical constituencies Functional
constituencies
Seats gained
Elections
committee
Seats gained
Total seats gained
Popular vote % Seats gained
Democratic Party 385,428 42.26 12 5 2 19
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood 87,072 9.55 2 1 1 4
United Ants 18,551 2.03 0 0
Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions 1 1
Neighbourhood and Workers Service Centre 1 1
123 Democratic Alliance 1 1
Independent and others 90,130 9.88 3 2 0 5
Total for pro-democrats 581,181 63.73
(67.58)
17
(85%)
10
(33.33%)
4
(40%)
31
(51.67%)
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong 142,801 15.66 2 2 2 6
Civil Force 27,841 3.05 0 0 1 1
Hong Kong Progressive Alliance 25,964 2.85 0 0 1 1
Liberal Party 15,126 1.64 1 9 0 10
Liberal Democratic Federation of Hong Kong 11,572 1.27 0 0 1 1
New Territories West Residents Association 6,152 0.67 0 0
Hong Kong Alliance of Chinese and Expatriates 3,979 0.44 0 0
New Hong Kong Alliance 1 1
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions 1 1
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions 1 1
Independent and others 45,325 4.97 0 6 1 7
Total for pro-Beijing 278,850 30.58
(32.42)
3
(15%)
20
(66.67%)
6
(60%)
29
(48.33%)
Non-affiliated Independent and others 49,326 5.41 0 0 0 0
Total (turnout 35.80%) 911,951 100.0 20 30 10 60

Vote summary[edit]

Ring charts of the election results showing popular vote against seats won, coloured in party colours. Seats won in the election (outer ring) against number of votes (inner ring).
Popular vote
Democratic Party
  
41.9%
DAB
  
15.4%
HKADPL
  
9.5%
Liberal Party
  
1.6%
Others
  
31.6%

Result breakdown[edit]

Geographical Constituencies[edit]

Constituency Candidates Affiliation No. of votes given (%)
LC1 Hong Kong Island Central 1 Peggy Lam Pei Independent 14,437 (34.67%)
2 Christine Loh Kung-wai Independent 27,199 (65.33%)
LC2 Hong Kong Island East 1 Choy So-yuk Progressive Alliance 14,119 (27.37%)
2 Martin Lee Chu-ming Democratic 37,459 (72.28%)
LC3 Hong Kong Island South 1 Cheng Kai-nam DAB 29,910 (47.64%)
2 Yeung Sum Democratic 32,875 (52.36%)
LC4 Hong Kong Island West 1 Huang Chen-ya Democratic 31,156 (66.32%)
2 Guy Lam Kwok-hung ACE 3,979 (8.47%)
3 Lam Kin-lai Progressive Alliance 11,845 (25.21%)
LC5 Kowloon Central 1 Jasper Tsang Yok-sing DAB 16,691 (42.94%)
2 Liu Sing-lee ADPL 22,183 (57.06%)
LC6 Kowloon North-east 1 Mak Hoi-wah Democratic 23,201 (47.23%)
2 Chan Yuen-han DAB 25,922 (52.77%)
LC7 Kowloon East 1 Elsie Tu Independent 23,855 (44.60%)
2 Szeto Wah Democratic 29,627 (55.40%)
LC8 Kowloon South-east 1 Tam Yiu-chung DAB 29,009 (49.05%)
2 Li Wah-ming Democratic 30,133 (50.95%)
LC9 Kowloon South 1 Lau Chin-shek DAB 26,827 (30.14%)
2 Wong Siu-yee Progressive Alliance 11,572 (69.86%)
LC10 Kowloon South-west 1 Helen Chung Yee-fong Independent 1,482 (5.53%)
2 James To Kun-sun Democratic 17,731 (66.17%)
3 Kingsley Sit Ho-yin Independent 2,656 (9.91%)
4 Daniel Wong Kwok-tung ADPL 4,929 (18.39%)
LC11 Kowloon West 1 Wong Yin-ping Independent 1,778 (4.13%)
2 Frederick Fung Kin-kee ADPL 28,996 (67.37%)
3 Fu Shu-wan Independent 12,264 (28.50%)
LC12 New Territories Central 1 Albert Chan Wai-yip Democratic 25,303 (74.79%)
2 Ng Wai-kwong Independent 4,097 (12.11%)
3 Tam Tai-on Independent 4,433 (13.10%)
LC13 New Territories North-west 1 Zachary Wong Wai-yin Democratic 21,527 (50.07%)
2 Tang Siu-tong Independent 21,470 (49.93%)
LC14 New Territories North 1 Cheung Hon-chung DAB 17,026 (50.07%)
2 Wong Sing-chi Democratic 16,978 (49.93%)
LC15 New Territories North-east 1 Allen Lee Peng-fei Liberal 15,216 (34.82%)
2 Law Yuk-kai United Ants 4,723 (10.81%)
3 Cheung Hok-ming DAB 12,256 (28.04%)
4 Cheung Wing-fai Democratic 11,507 (26.33%)
LC16 New Territories South-east 1 Andrew Wong Wang-fat Independent 23,666 (47.83%)
2 William Wan Hon-cheung DAB 11,987 (24.23%)
3 Harold Ko Ping-chung United Ants 13,828 (27.95%)
LC17 New Territories East 1 Lau Kong-wah Civil Force 27,841 (41.49%)
2 Emily Lau Wai-hing Independent 39,265 (58.51%)
LC18 New Territories South 1 Hui Chiu-fai Independent 8,179 (7.04%)
2 Sin Chung-kai Democratic 26,048 (70.74%)
3 Lam Chi-leung Pioneer 13,828 (22.21%)
LC19 New Territories South-west 1 Lee Wing-tat Democratic 29,801 (65.35%)
2 Ting Yin-wah ADPL 15,798 (34.65%)
LC20 New Territories West 1 Chan Wan-sang NTWRA 6,152 (13.21%)
2 Ho Chun-yan Democratic 25,255 (54.23%)
3 Yim Tin-sang ADPL 15,166 (32.56%)

Functional Constituencies[edit]

Constituency Candidates Affiliation No. of votes given (%)
A Primary Production,
Power and Construction
11 Tsang Kin-shing Democratic 11,592 (37.8%)
12 Ho Sai-chu Independent 5,366 (17.5%)
13 Poon To-chuen NHKA 7,493 (24.5%)
14 Tong Yat-chu DAB 3,871 (12.6%)
B Textiles and Garments 21 Cheng Ming-kit LDF 2,638 (11.4%)
22 Leung Yiu-chung NWSC 10,472 (45.3%)
23 Ng Ching-man Kowloon City Observers 2,957 (12.8%)
24 Chan Kwok-keung FTU 5,116 (22.1%)
C Manufacturing 31 Chan Ming-yiu Independent 4,931 (10.8%)
32 Lee Cheuk-yan CTU 30,510 (66.9%)
33 Leung Fu-wah FTU 8,535 (18.7%)
D Import and Export 41 Henry Tang Ying-yen Liberal 24,997 (57.8%)
42 Kwan Lim-ho Public Affairs Society 15,539 (35.9%)
E Wholesale and Retail 51 Selina Chow Liang Shuk-yee Liberal 23,257 (63.0%)
52 Wong Kwok-hing DAB 10,965 (29.6%)
F Hotels and Catering 61 Chiang Sai-cheong Kowloon City Observers 5,176 (25.9%)
62 Li Hon-shing Independent 3,393 (17.0%)
63 Chan Wing-chan DAB 5,614 (28.1%)
64 Tommy Cheung Yu-yan Liberal 3,991 (20.0%)
G Transport and Communication 71 Cheng Kai-ming Independent 2,324 (5.1%)
72 Miriam Lau Kin-yee Liberal 14,233 (31.4%)
73 Ip Kwok-fun CTU 12,055 (26.6%)
74 Cheuk Siu-yee FTU 12,617 (27.8%)
71 Cheung Pak-chi Independent 2,042 (4.5%)
H Financing, Insurance, Real
Estate and Business Services
81 Ng Kam-chun LDF 2,348 (3.4%)
82 Andrew Cheng Kar-foo Democratic 25,658 (37.3%)
83 Chan Yuk-cheung Independent 10,514 (15.3%)
84 Chan Yim-kwong Liberal 5,771 (8.4%)
85 Tony Chan Tung-ngok Independent 1,699 (2.5%)
81 Fung Chi-kin DAB 18,674 (27.1%)
I Community, Social and Personal Services 91 Elizabeth Wong Chien Chi-lien Independent 40,649 (39.2%)
92 Kwok Yuen-hon Independent 14,452 (13.9%)
93 Brian Kan Ping-chee Independent 6,290 (6.1%)
94 Michael Siu Yin-ying Democratic 33,596 (32.4%)
95 Fan Kwok-wah Independent 2,386 (2.3%)
J Commercial (First) 201 Paul Cheng Ming-fun Independent Uncontested
K Commercial (Second) 211 Philip Wong Yu-hong NHKA Uncontested
L Industrial (First) 221 James Tien Pei-chun Liberal Uncontested
M Industrial (Second) 231 Ngai Shiu-kit Liberal Uncontested
N Finance 241 David Li Kwok-po Independent Uncontested
O Labour
(2 seats)
251 Lee Kai-ming FLU 533 (33.6%)
252 Cheng Yiu-tong FTU 684 (43.1%)
253 John Luk Woon-cheung Independent 109 (6.9%)
254 Lee Kwok-keung Independent 533 (16.5%)
P Social Welfare 261 Law Chi-kwong Democratic 1,115 (64.1%)
262 Chow Wing-sun Independent 625 (35.9%)
Q Tourism 271 Hau Suk-kei Independent 175 (29.8%)
272 Howard Young Liberal 413 (70.2%)
R Real Estate and Construction 281 Ronald Joseph Arculli Liberal Uncontested
S Financial Services 291 Chen Po-sum Independent 243 (40.1%)
292 Chim Pui-chung Independent 363 (59.9%)
T Medical 301 Cecilia Young Yau-yau Independent 135 (5.4%)
302 Edward Leong Che-hung Independent 2,371 (94.6%)
U Education 311 Leung Siu-tong Independent 4,496 (18.7%)
312 Cheung Man-kwong Democratic 19,558 (81.3%)
V Legal 321 Margaret Ng Independent 723 (54.5%)
322 Alfred Donald Yap Independent 444 (33.5%)
323 Li Wai-ip Independent 159 (12.0%)
W Engineering 331 Samuel Wong Ping-wai Independent 1,382 (62.7%)
332 Raymond Ho Chung-tai Independent 822 (37.3%)
X Health Services 341 Alice Pong Tso Shing-yuk Liberal 1,116 (18.3%)
342 Michael Ho Mun-ka Democratic 4,968 (81.7%)
Y Accountancy 351 Edward Chow Kwong-fai Liberal 477 (22.2%)
352 Eric Li Ka-cheung Independent 1,376 (63.9%)
353 Peter Chan Po-fun Independent 299 (13.9%)
Z Architectural, Surveying and Planning 361 Edward Ho Sing-tin Liberal Uncontested
Urban Council 1 Mok Ying-fan ADPL Uncontested
Regional Council 1 Alan Tam King-wah Democratic 16 (43.2%)
2 Ngan Kam-chuen DAB 21 (56.8%)
Rural 1 Lau Wong-fat Independent Uncontested

Election Committee Constituency[edit]

Candidates Affiliation Value of votes given
1 Yeung Fuk-kwong UFSP 0
2 Lee York-fai Independent 0
3 Fung Kwong-chung Independent 0
4 Lo Suk-ching Independent 26
5 Choy Kan-pui Civil Force 26
6 Cheung Bing-leung Democratic 26
7 Lau Hon-chuen Progressive Alliance 26
8 Chan Kam-lam DAB 26
9 Leung Kwong-cheong ADPL 0
10 Law Cheung-kwok ADPL 26
11 Ip Kwok-him DAB 26
12 John Tse Wing-ling Democratic 26
13 David Chu Yu-lin LDF 26
14 Yuen Bun-keung Democratic 0
15 Mark Lin Liberal 0
16 Louis Leung Wing-on Independent 0
17 Yum Sin-ling 123DA 26
18 Paul Chan SIng-kong Independent 0

References[edit]

  1. ^ Loh, Christine (2010). Underground front. Hong Kong University Press. p. 181. ISBN 9789622099968.