Hong Kong legislative election, 1995

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Hong Kong legislative election, 1995

1991 ←
members
7 September 1995
members elected
→ 1996 (Provisional)
members

All 60 seats to the Legislative Council
  First party Second party Third party
  Martin-lee-campaign2004.JPG Allen Lee at 71demo 2008.jpg Tsang Yok-sing at VP New Year Fair 2009.jpg
Leader Martin Lee Allen Lee Jasper Tsang
Party Democratic Liberal DAB
Alliance Pro-democracy Pro-Beijing Pro-Beijing
Leader's seat Island East New Territories Northeast Kowloon Central
(lost)
Last election new new new
Seats before 15 15 1
Seats won 19
(12 GCs + 5 FCs + 2 EC)
10
(1 GC + 9 FCs)
6
(2 GCs + 2 FCs + 2 EC)
Seat change Increase4 Decrease5 Increase5
Popular vote 385,428 15,126 142,801
Percentage 41.9% 1.6% 15.7%

LegCoElection1995.svg

Elected candidates by each geographical constituency

– DP – DAB – ADPL – LP – Independent


President before election

Sir John Joseph Swaine
Nonpartisan

Elected President

Andrew Wong
Independent

The 1995 Hong Kong Legislative Council general election for members of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong (LegCo) was held on 7 September 1995. It was the last legislative election of the colonial Hong Kong government before transferring Hong Kong's sovereignty to China two years later. The elections returned 20 members from directly elected geographical constituencies, 30 members from functional constituencies, and 10 members from elections committee.

Background[edit]

The electoral bases were largely expanded under the 1994 Hong Kong electoral reform carried out by the last colonial governor Chris Patten as the last step of democratisation as following:[1]

New nine functional constituencies with much larger eligible electorates was created to broaden the franchise to 2.7 millions new voters:

  1. Agriculture, Fisheries, Mining, Energy and Construction
  2. Textiles and Garment
  3. Maufacturing
  4. Import and Export
  5. Wholesale and Retail
  6. Hotels and Catering
  7. Transport and Communication
  8. Financing, Insurance, Real Estate and Business Services
  9. Community, Social and Personal Services

Overview[edit]

The United Democrats of Hong Kong and the Meeting Point, the two major pro-democracy forces had founded the Democratic Party in 1994, while the pro-business legislators had formed the Liberal Party in 1993 and the Communist-controlled politicians established the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB), today's largest political party.

Solicitor Ambrose Lau, in the direction of the New China News Agency founded the Hong Kong Progressive Alliance which consisted of mostly pro-business factor of the CCP's united front. Other grassroots leaders were also encouraged by the CCP to stand in the election against the pro-democracy camp.

Succeeding the last election in 1991, Democratic Party, together with other smaller parties, groups and independents in the pro-democracy camp, had another landslide victory again, getting 17 of the 20 geographical constituency seats. Allen Lee, the Chairman of the Liberal Party and the Appointed Member in the LegCo got elected in the geographical constituency direct election. The Chairman of the DAB, Jasper Tsang however got defeated by Bruce Liu of pro-democracy ADPL in Kowloon Central.

The Government of the People's Republic of China overthrew the promise of the "through train" (letting the members elected in the 1995 election travel safely through 1997 and beyond) and set up the Provisional Legislative Council in 1996, after the proposal package of electoral changes for the 1995 Legislative Council elections that was deemed unconstitutional by the PRC was passed in the Legislative Council.

General Outcome[edit]

e • d Overall Summary of the 7 September 1995 Legislative Council of Hong Kong election results
Political Affiliation Geographical constituencies Functional
constituencies
Seats gained
Elections
committee
Seats gained
Total seats gained
Popular vote % Seats gained
Democratic Party 385,428 42.26 12 5 2 19
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood 87,072 9.55 2 1 1 4
United Ants 18,551 2.03 0 0
Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions 1 1
Neighbourhood and Workers Service Centre 1 1
123 Democratic Alliance 1 1
Independent and others 90,130 9.88 3 2 0 5
Total for pro-democrats 581,181 63.73
(67.58)
17
(85%)
10
(33.33%)
4
(40%)
31
(51.67%)
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong 142,801 15.66 2 2 2 6
Civil Force 27,841 3.05 0 0 1 1
Hong Kong Progressive Alliance 25,964 2.85 0 0 1 1
Liberal Party 15,126 1.64 1 9 0 10
Liberal Democratic Federation of Hong Kong 11,572 1.27 0 0 1 1
New Territories West Residents Association 6,152 0.67 0 0
Hong Kong Alliance of Chinese and Expatriates 3,979 0.44 0 0
New Hong Kong Alliance 1 1
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions 1 1
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions 1 1
Independent and others 45,325 4.97 0 6 1 7
Total for pro-Beijing 278,850 30.58
(32.42)
3
(15%)
20
(66.67%)
6
(60%)
29
(48.33%)
Non-affiliated Independent and others 49,326 5.41 0 0 0 0
Total (turnout 35.80%) 911,951 100.0 20 30 10 60

Vote summary[edit]

Ring charts of the election results showing popular vote against seats won, coloured in party colours. Seats won in the election (outer ring) against number of votes (inner ring).
Popular vote
Democratic Party
  
41.9%
DAB
  
15.4%
HKADPL
  
9.5%
Liberal Party
  
1.6%
Others
  
31.6%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Loh, Christine (2010). Underground front. Hong Kong University Press. p. 181. ISBN 9789622099968.