Hong Myung-bo

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This is a Korean name; the family name is Hong.
Hong Myung-bo
홍명보
Hong Myung-Bo.jpg
Hong in 2013
Personal information
Full name Hong Myung-bo
Date of birth (1969-02-12) February 12, 1969 (age 45)
Place of birth Seoul, South Korea
Height 1.82 m (5 ft 11 12 in)
Playing position Sweeper
Youth career
1987–1991 Korea University
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1992–1997 Pohang Steelers 110 (14)
1997–1998 Bellmare Hiratsuka 42 (0)
1999–2001 Kashiwa Reysol 72 (7)
2002 Pohang Steelers 19 (0)
2003–2004 Los Angeles Galaxy 38 (0)
Total 281 (21)
National team
2000 South Korea Olympic 2 (0)
1990–2002 South Korea 136 (10)
Teams managed
2009 South Korea U-20
2009–2012 South Korea U-23
2013–2014 South Korea
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
Hong Myung-bo
Hangul 홍명보
Hanja 洪明甫
Revised Romanization Hong Myeong-bo
McCune–Reischauer Hong Myŏng-bo

Hong Myung-bo (Korean: 홍명보, Hanja: 洪明甫; Korean pronunciation: [hoŋmjʌŋbo]) (born February 12, 1969 in Seoul) is a South Korean former footballer and former manager of the South Korean national team. Hong, along with Cha Bum-kun, is often considered one of the greatest Asian footballers of all time. Hong was a member of the South Korean national team in four World Cups, and was the first Asian player to play in four consecutive World Cup final tournaments.

Hong often played as a centre-back but also played at the full-back position. He was often touted to be the best sweeper in Asia at that time. He was often cited as the "Korean Libero" by the media due to his ability to play deep into the midfield and strike a long distance ball. He retired as a player following the end of the 2004 Major League Soccer season, having finished his career with the Los Angeles Galaxy. He was chosen among the "FIFA 100", Pelé's selection of the 125 greatest living footballers in the world. He was also the recipient of the 2002 FIFA World Cup Bronze Ball. No other Asian player has yet achieved this feat.

He managed the South Korea national under-20 football team in 2009, and led the team to the quarterfinals in the 2009 FIFA U-20 World Cup. Since being appointed in 2009, he has worked as head coach of the under-23 football team. Under his guidance, the South Korean national football team was able to receive the bronze in the 2012 London Olympics, which set up a record by obtaining the first medal ever for South Korea in Olympic football as well as being the first Asian team in 44 years to win a medal at that event.[1] On June 24, 2013, Hong was appointed as the head coach of South Korean national football team to lead the team in the 2014 FIFA World Cup.

National team[edit]

1990 World Cup[edit]

Hong's first appearance at a World Cup finals was at the 1990 World Cup in Italy. Hong played in all three group stage matches against Belgium, Spain, and Uruguay. However, South Korea was eliminated in the group stage after losing all the three games.

1994 World Cup[edit]

Hong's talent was most notable during the 1994 World Cup group stage. When South Korea had only 5 minutes to catch up Spain, who was leading the match with the score of 2-0, Hong scored the first goal and assisted the winger Seo Jung-won to score the equalizer shortly after, making the memorable draw against Spain.

In the match that took place two weeks later, South Korea was losing during the first half with the score of 3-0 to Germany – the defending World Champions at the time, represented by numerous skillful players including Jürgen Klinsmann, Jürgen Kohler, Matthias Sammer, Rudi Völler and Lothar Matthäus. After assisting the striker Hwang Sun Hong to strike the first goal into the net, Hong scored the second goal by himself, but that was the last goal of the match.

1998 World Cup[edit]

Hong's third World Cup appearance was at the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France. Hong played all three games of South Korea against Mexico, Netherlands and Belgium. South Korea was eliminated at the first round with 1 draw (Belgium) and 2 losses (Mexico and Netherlands).

2002 World Cup[edit]

Hong captained the South Korean national team to a historic fourth place finish in the 2002 World Cup.[2] He scored the winning penalty to secure a 5–3 shootout victory in the quarter final against Spain after a goalless draw. The Technical Study Group voted him as the third best player of the tournament (Bronze Ball award), the first ever Asian to be named in the top 3 players in a World Cup. Leader of the Korean defensive trio alongside Kim Tae-young and Choi Jin-cheul, he ended his international career after the 2002 World Cup as the all-time leader in appearances for the South Korean national team, with 135 caps.

Post-playing career[edit]

On September 26, 2005, after retirement as a player, Hong returned to the national team as an assistant coach. Helping the manager Dick Advocaat, he took part in the 2006 FIFA World Cup, and worked with the next manager Pim Verbeek in the Asian Cup 2007. After the resignation of Pim Verbeek, he was one of the candidates to become the next manager. The Korea Football Association announced, on 19 February 2009, it had appointed him as the South Korea national under-20 football team. Under his guidance the team reached the quarter finals of the tournament, but were eliminated due to a 2–3 defeat to Ghana national under-20 football team. He also served an assistant coach for under-23 football team under Park Sung-wha. In October 2009, he took over the coaching duties at under-23 football team. He led his team into third place in the 2010 Asian Games.On August 10, 2012, Hong Myung-bo coached the U-23 Men's Olympic team to a 2-0 win over Japan to secure the bronze medal at the 2012 Summer Olympic Games.[3] He was named as assistant manager to Guus Hiddink at Anzhi Makhachkala in August 2012. After Choi Kang-hee, the former head coach of South Korean national football team, took the responsibility of the team's poor performance in 2014 FIFA World Cup Asian qualification and resigned from his position, Hong Myung-bo was appointed as the new head coach of the team on June 24, 2013 to prepare the team for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. After a winless World Cup campaign, Hong resigned from his post on July 10, 2014.

Personal life[edit]

Hong married Cho Soo-mi,[4] who was five years younger than him, in 1997. He has two sons, Hong Seong-min and Hong Jeong-min. One of them is currently attending Korea International School. Hong also has two younger siblings. Hong is known for his reticence and charisma.

Statistics[edit]

Club career statistics[edit]

Club performance League Cup League Cup Continental Total
Season Club League Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Korea Republic League FA Cup League Cup Asia Total
1992 Pohang Steelers K-League 29 1 - 8 0 - 37 1
1993 11 1 - 1 0 - 12 1
1994 17 4 - 0 0 - 17 4
1995 24 1 - 7 0 - 31 1
1996 29 7 0 0 5 0 ? ? 34+? 7+?
1997 0 0 0 0 6 0 ? ? 6+? 0+?
Japan League Emperor's Cup J. League Cup Asia Total
1997 Bellmare Hiratsuka J. League 1 10 0 3 1 0 0 ? ? 13+? 1+?
1998 32 0 2 0 0 0 - 34 0
1999 Kashiwa Reysol J. League 1 28 5 4 2 5 2 - 37 9
2000 29 2 2 0 2 0 - 33 2
2001 15 0 0 0 3 0 - 18 0
Korea Republic League FA Cup League Cup Asia Total
2002 Pohang Steelers K-League 19 0 0 0 0 0 - 19 0
United States League Open Cup League Cup North America Total
2003 Los Angeles Galaxy Major League Soccer 25 0 2 0 - ? ? 27+? 0+?
2004 13 0 0 0 - -
Country Korea Republic 129 14 0 0 27 0 ? ? 156+? 14+?
Japan 114 7 11 3 10 2 ? ? 135+? 12+?
United States 38 0 2 0 0 0 ? ? 40+? 0+?
Total 281 21 13 3 37 2 ? ? 331+? 26+?

National team statistics[edit]

[5] [6]

Korea Republic national team
Year Apps Goals
1990 20 2
1991 1 0
1992 3 1
1993 18 2
1994 14 4
1995 5 0
1996 16 1
1997 12 0
1998 8 0
1999 5 0
2000 11 0
2001 7 0
2002 16 0
Total 136 10
Results list South Korea's goal tally first.
# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. August 3, 1990 Beijing, China  China PR 1 1–1 (6–5 PSO) 1990 Dynasty Cup
2. September 23, 1990 Beijing, China  Singapore 1 7–0 1990 Asian Games
3. August 24, 1992 Beijing, China  North Korea 1 1–1 1992 Dynasty Cup
4. May 13, 1993 Beirut, Lebanon  India 1 3–0 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
5. October 19, 1993 Doha, Qatar  Iraq 1 2–2 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
6. June 5, 1994 Boston, Massachusetts  Ecuador 1 1–2 Friendly match
7. June 17, 1994 Dallas, Texas  Spain 1 2–2 1994 FIFA World Cup
8. June 27, 1994 Dallas, Texas  Germany 1 2–3 1994 FIFA World Cup
9. September 11, 1994 Gangneung, South Korea  Ukraine 1 1–0 Friendly match
10. August 8, 1996 Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam  Chinese Taipei 1 4–0 1996 AFC Asian Cup qualification

Managerial statistics[edit]

As of 26 June 2014
Team From To Record
G W D L Win % GF GA GD
South Korea U-20 19 February 2009 19 October 2009 6 3 1 2 50.00 10 6 +4
South Korea U-23 19 October 2009 20 August 2012 29 17 7 5 58.62 50 19 +31
South Korea 24 June 2013 10 July 2014 19 4 4 11 21.05 18 28 –10
Total 54 24 12 18 44.44 78 53 +25

Honours[edit]

Player[edit]

Pohang
Kashiwa Reysol

Manager[edit]

South Korea U-23

Individual[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]