Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Honghe Prefecture
红河州
Autonomous prefecture
红河哈尼族彝族自治州
Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture
Location of Honghe Prefecture in Yunnan
Location of Honghe Prefecture in Yunnan
Country People's Republic of China
Province Yunnan
County-level division 3 county-level cities
7 counties
3 autonomous counties
Prefecture established 6 September 1957
Prefecture seat Mengzi
Area
 • Total 32,929 km2 (12,714 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 4,130,463
 • Density 130/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 661400
Area code(s) 0873
Licence plate prefixes 云G
Website http://www.hh.gov.cn/
The old city gate of Jianshui County
Rice terraced mountains of Yuanyang County near sunset

Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 红河哈尼族彝族自治州; traditional Chinese: 紅河哈尼族彝族自治州; pinyin: Hónghé Hānízú Yízú Zìzhìzhōu) is an autonomous prefecture in southeast-central Yunnan province, People's Republic of China. Its name is derived from the Hong River (Red river) and the two major ethnic minority groups who live there: the Yi and the Hani. Honghe has an area of 32,929 square kilometres (12,714 sq mi), and its seat is Mengzi.

In 2008, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage of the People's Republic of China nominated the Honghe Hani Terraced Fields of Yuanyang County for World Heritage Site status. It was added to the list on June 22, 2013, bringing the total number of World Heritage Sites in China to 45.

Subdivisions[edit]

The prefecture is subdivided into 13 county-level divisions: 4 county-level cities, 6 counties, and 3 autonomous counties:

Map
Honghe mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2003 est.)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
1 Mengzi City 蒙自市 Méngzì Shì 320,000 2,228 144
2 Gejiu City 个旧市 Gèjiù Shì 390,000 1,597 244
3 Kaiyuan City 开远市 Kāiyuǎn Shì 260,000 2,009 129
7 Mile City 弥勒市 Mílè Shì 490,000 4,004 122
4 Lüchun County 绿春县 Lǜchūn Xiàn 210,000 3,167 66
5 Jianshui County 建水县 Jiànshuǐ Xiàn 500,000 3,940 127
6 Shiping County 石屏县 Shípíng Xiàn 290,000 3,090 94
8 Luxi County 泸西县 Lúxī Xiàn 370,000 1,674 221
9 Yuanyang County 元阳县 Yuányáng Xiàn 370,000 2,292 161
10 Honghe County 红河县 Hónghé Xiàn 270,000 2,034 133
11 Jinping Miao, Yao and Dai Autonomous County 金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县 Jīnpíng Miáozú Yáozú Dǎizú ìzhìxiàn 320,000 3,677 87
12 Hekou Yao Autonomous County 河口瑶族自治县 Hékǒu Yáozú Zìzhìxiàn 80,000 1,313 61
13 Pingbian Miao Autonomous County 屏边苗族自治县 Píngbiān Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn 150,000 1,905 79

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2000 census, Honghe has 4,130,463 inhabitants (population density: 125.44 inhabitants per km²).

Ethnic groups in Honghe, 2000 census[edit]

Nationality Population Percentage
Han 1,830,245 44.31%
Yi 973,732 23.57%
Hani 685,727 16.6%
Miao 274,147 6.64%
Zhuang 99,132 2.4%
Dai 98,164 2.38%
Yao 76,947 1.86%
Hui 68,033 1.65%
Lahu 9,900 0.24%
Bai 4,161 0.1%
Buyei 3,736 0.09%
Mongols 1,214 0.03%
Tu 835 0.02%
ethnic background not given 828 0.02%
Others 3,662 0.09%

Ethnic subgroups[edit]

Honghe Prefecture has the following ethnic Hani subgroups (Honghe Ethnic Gazetteer 1989:32).

  • Hani 哈尼
  • Nuobi 糯比
  • Nuomei 糯美
  • Ache 阿车
  • Lami 腊米
  • Baihong 白宏
  • Asuo 阿梭
  • Budou 布都
  • Qide 期的
  • Gehe 各和
  • Biyue 碧约
  • Kaduo 卡多
  • Ha'ou 哈欧
  • Ximoluo 西摩洛

Honghe Prefecture has the following 10 ethnic Yi subgroups (Honghe Ethnic Gazetteer 1989:68).

  • Nisubo 尼苏泼 (exonyms and other names: Luoluo 罗罗, Sandaohong 三道红, Huayao 花腰, Muji 母基)
  • Nibo 尼泼 (exonyms and other names: Sani 撒尼, Azhe 阿哲)
  • Gepo 葛泼 (exonyms and other names: 白彝)
  • Siqi 斯期 (exonyms and other names: Large Black Yi 大黑彝, Small Black Yi 小黑彝)
  • Axibo 阿细泼 (exonyms and other names: Axi 阿细)
  • Puwabo 朴瓦泼, Pulebo 普勒泼 (exonyms and other names: Pula 朴喇)
  • Alubo 阿鲁泼 (exonyms and other names: Alu 阿鲁)
  • Lesubo 勒苏泼 (exonyms and other names: Shansu 山苏)
  • Luobo 罗泼 (exonyms and other names: Awu 阿务, Laowu 老乌)
  • Xiangtang 香堂

Transportation[edit]

Honghe Mengzi Airport is scheduled to be built in the prefectural capital Mengzi.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "云南"红河蒙自机场"获批 投资30亿元军民合用". China Daily (in Chinese). 2012-10-16. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°22′N 103°09′E / 23.367°N 103.150°E / 23.367; 103.150