Hongzhou, Prince He
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
|Prince He of the First Rank
|Portrait of Hongzhou|
|Prince He of the First Rank of the Qing Dynasty|
|Reign||1733 - 1765|
|Predecessor||(None. Title created.)|
Heshuo Princess Hewan
|Prince Hegong of the First Rank
|House||House of Aisin-Gioro|
|Mother||Imperial Noble Consort Chunque|
|Born||January 5, 1712|
|Died||September 2, 1770(aged 58)|
|Hongzhou, Prince He|
Hongzhou was born of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan as the fifth son of the Yongzheng Emperor. His mother was Imperial Noble Consort Chunque (纯悫皇贵妃) of the Geng (耿) clan, who was the daughter of Geng Dejin (耿德金), a guanling (內管領; similar to the Japanese kanrei) in the Qing imperial court.
Hongzhou was granted the title of "Prince He of the First Rank" (和親王) in 1733. In his childhood, he was adopted and raised by Empress Xiaojingxian. Unlike his half-brothers Hongli (the future Qianlong Emperor) and Hongshi, Hongzhou chose to avoid being involved in rivalry over the succession to their father's throne. He was known to have pretended to be crazy and feminine.
- Father: Yongzheng Emperor
- Mother: Imperial Noble Consort Chunque (纯悫皇贵妃), of the Geng (耿) clan. She was the daughter of Geng Dejin (耿德金), a guanling (內管領; similar to the Japanese kanrei) in the Qing imperial court.
- Primary spouse: Lady Ujaku (吳扎庫氏)
- Secondary spouses:
- Lady Janggiya (章佳氏)
- Lady Cuigiya (崔佳氏)
- Yongying (永瑛), Hongzhou's eldest son, born to Lady Ujaku.
- Yongbi (永璧), Hongzhou's second son, born to Lady Ujaku. He was posthumously granted the title of Prince Heqin of the First Rank (和勤親王).
- Third son, unnamed, born to Lady Janggiya.
- Yongbin (永璸), Hongzhou's fourth son, born to Lady Ujaku. He was granted the title of "General Who Guards the Nation" (鎮國將軍).
- Fifth son, unnamed, born to Lady Ujaku.
- Yonghuan (永瑍), Hongzhou's sixth son, born to Lady Cuigiya. He was granted the title of "General Who Guards the Nation".
- Yongkun (永琨), Hongzhou's seventh son, born to Lady Ujaku. He was granted the title of Burubafen Duke Who Assists the Nation (不入八分輔國公).
- Yongzeng (永璔), Hongzhou's eighth son, born to Lady Ujaku.
- Heshuo Princess Hewan (和碩和婉公主; 24 July 1734 - 2 May 1760), Hongzhou's eldest daughter, personal name unknown, born to Lady Ujaku. She was adopted by Hongzhou's half-brother Hongli, who became the Qianlong Emperor later. In March 1750 she married Deleke (德勒克) of the Mongol Borjigit clan.
Succession of Prince He
|1||Hongzhou, Prince Hegong of the First Rank||和恭親王弘晝||1712–1765||1733–1765||Yongzheng Emperor's son|
|2||Yongbi, Prince Heqin of the First Rank||和勤親王永璧||1733–1772||1770–1772||Hongzhou's son|
|3||Mianlun, Prince Hejin of the Second Rank||和謹郡王綿倫||1752–1774||1772–1774||Yongbi's son|
|4||Mianxun, Prince Heke of the Second Rank||和恪郡王綿循||1758–1817||1775–1817||Yongbi's son|
|5||Yiheng, Beile||貝勒奕亨||1783–1832||1817–1832||Mianxun's son|
|6||Zairong, Beizi Minke||敏恪貝子載容||1824–1881||1832–1881||Yiheng's son|
|NA||Zaichong, General Who Assists the Nation||一等輔國將軍載崇||Yiheng's son|
|7||Pulian, Duke Who Receives Grace and Guards the Nation||奉恩鎮國公溥廉||1854–1898||1881–1898||Zairong's son|
|NA||Puliang, General Who Receives Grace||奉國將軍溥良||1854-1922|
|8||Yuzhang, Duke Who Receives Grace and Guards the Nation||奉恩鎮國公毓璋||1889–1937||1898-1912
|NA||Hengde||恆德||b. 1908||Yuzhang's son|
|NA||Qitai||啟泰||b. 1925||Hengde's son|
|Ancestors of Hongzhou, Prince He|