Hongzhou, Prince He

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Hongzhou
Prince He of the First Rank
(和親王)
Hongzhou.jpg
Portrait of Hongzhou
Prince He of the First Rank of the Qing Dynasty
Reign 1733 - 1765
Predecessor (None. Title created.)
Successor Yongbi
Spouse Lady Ujaku
Lady Janggiya
Lady Cuigiya
Issue Yongying
Yongbi
Third son
Yongbin
Fifth son
Yonghuan
Yongkun
Yongzeng
Heshuo Princess Hewan
Full name
Aisin-Gioro Hongzhou
(愛新覺羅·弘晝)
Posthumous name
Prince Hegong of the First Rank
(和恭親王)
House House of Aisin-Gioro
Father Yongzheng Emperor
Mother Imperial Noble Consort Chunque
Born (1712-01-05)January 5, 1712
Died September 2, 1770(1770-09-02) (aged 58)
Hongzhou, Prince He
Traditional Chinese 弘晝
Simplified Chinese 弘昼

Hongzhou (Manchu: Hungjeo; 5 January 1712 - 2 September 1770) was a Manchu prince of the Qing Dynasty.

Biography[edit]

Hongzhou was born of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan as the fifth son of the Yongzheng Emperor. His mother was Imperial Noble Consort Chunque (纯悫皇贵妃) of the Geng (耿) clan, who was the daughter of Geng Dejin (耿德金), a guanling (內管領; similar to the Japanese kanrei) in the Qing imperial court.

Hongzhou was granted the title of "Prince He of the First Rank" (和親王) in 1733. In his childhood, he was adopted and raised by Empress Xiaojingxian. Unlike his half-brothers Hongli (the future Qianlong Emperor) and Hongshi, Hongzhou chose to avoid being involved in rivalry over the succession to their father's throne. He was known to have pretended to be crazy and feminine.

Family[edit]

  • Father: Yongzheng Emperor
  • Mother: Imperial Noble Consort Chunque (纯悫皇贵妃), of the Geng (耿) clan. She was the daughter of Geng Dejin (耿德金), a guanling (內管領; similar to the Japanese kanrei) in the Qing imperial court.
  • Spouses:
    • Primary spouse: Lady Ujaku (吳扎庫氏)
    • Secondary spouses:
      • Lady Janggiya (章佳氏)
      • Lady Cuigiya (崔佳氏)
  • Children:
    • Yongying (永瑛), Hongzhou's eldest son, born to Lady Ujaku.
    • Yongbi (永璧), Hongzhou's second son, born to Lady Ujaku. He was posthumously granted the title of Prince Heqin of the First Rank (和勤親王).
    • Third son, unnamed, born to Lady Janggiya.
    • Yongbin (永璸), Hongzhou's fourth son, born to Lady Ujaku. He was granted the title of "General Who Guards the Nation" (鎮國將軍).
    • Fifth son, unnamed, born to Lady Ujaku.
    • Yonghuan (永瑍), Hongzhou's sixth son, born to Lady Cuigiya. He was granted the title of "General Who Guards the Nation".
    • Yongkun (永琨), Hongzhou's seventh son, born to Lady Ujaku. He was granted the title of Burubafen Duke Who Assists the Nation (不入八分輔國公).
    • Yongzeng (永璔), Hongzhou's eighth son, born to Lady Ujaku.
    • Heshuo Princess Hewan (和碩和婉公主; 24 July 1734 - 2 May 1760), Hongzhou's eldest daughter, personal name unknown, born to Lady Ujaku. She was adopted by Hongzhou's half-brother Hongli, who became the Qianlong Emperor later. In March 1750 she married Deleke (德勒克) of the Mongol Borjigit clan.

Succession of Prince He[edit]

Order Name Chinese name Lifespan Reign Notes
1 Hongzhou, Prince Hegong of the First Rank 和恭親王弘晝 1712–1765 1733–1765 Yongzheng Emperor's son
2 Yongbi, Prince Heqin of the First Rank 和勤親王永璧 1733–1772 1770–1772 Hongzhou's son
3 Mianlun, Prince Hejin of the Second Rank 和謹郡王綿倫 1752–1774 1772–1774 Yongbi's son
4 Mianxun, Prince Heke of the Second Rank 和恪郡王綿循 1758–1817 1775–1817 Yongbi's son
5 Yiheng, Beile 貝勒奕亨 1783–1832 1817–1832 Mianxun's son
6 Zairong, Beizi Minke 敏恪貝子載容 1824–1881 1832–1881 Yiheng's son
NA Zaichong, General Who Assists the Nation 一等輔國將軍載崇 Yiheng's son
7 Pulian, Duke Who Receives Grace and Guards the Nation 奉恩鎮國公溥廉 1854–1898 1881–1898 Zairong's son
NA Puliang, General Who Receives Grace 奉國將軍溥良 1854-1922
8 Yuzhang, Duke Who Receives Grace and Guards the Nation 奉恩鎮國公毓璋 1889–1937 1898-1912
(1912–1937)
Pulian's son
NA Yulong 毓隆 1872-1923 Puliang's son
NA Hengde 恆德 b. 1908 Yuzhang's son
NA Hengtong 恆同 Yulong's son
NA Qitai 啟泰 b. 1925 Hengde's son
NA Qigong 啟功 1912-2005 Hengtong's son

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]