Honiton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Honiton
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Devon
18851997
Number of members One
Replaced by East Devon, Tiverton and Honiton
1640–1868
Number of members Two

Honiton was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Honiton in east Devon, formerly represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It sent members intermittently from 1300, consistently from 1640. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) until it was abolished in 1868. It was recreated in 1885 as a single-member constituency.

For the 1997 general election, it was merged with the neighbouring constituency of Tiverton to form the Tiverton & Honiton constituency.

Honiton was regarded as a potwalloper borough by the time of Thomas Cochrane.

History[edit]

Boundaries[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Honiton re-enfranchised by Parliament in Nov 1640

MPs 1640–1660[edit]

Long Parliament

Honiton was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament.

First Protectorate Parliament

Second Protectorate Parliament

Third Protectorate Parliament

Long Parliament (restored)

  • 1659-1660: Not represented

MPs 1660–1868[edit]

Election First member[1] !First party Second member[1] Second party
1660 Sir John Yonge Samuel Serle
1661 Sir Courtenay Pole Peter Prideaux
1679 Sir Walter Yonge Sir Thomas Putt
1685 Edmond Walrond
1689 Richard Courtenay
1690 Sir William Drake Sir Walter Yonge
1711 James Sheppard
1715 Sir William Courtenay Sir William Yonge Whig
1716 Sir William Pole
1727 James Sheppard
1731 Sir William Pole
1734 William Courtenay
1741 Henry Reginald Courtenay
1747 John Heath (later John Duke)
1754 Henry Reginald Courtenay Sir George Yonge
1761 John Duke
1763 Sir George Yonge
1768 Brass Crosby
1774 Laurence Cox
1780 Alexander Macleod
1781 Jacob Wilkinson
1784 Sir George Collier
1790 George Templer
1796 George Chambers George Shum
1802 Sir John Honywood
1805 Augustus Cavendish-Bradshaw
1806 (April) Richard Bateman-Robson
1806 (October) Thomas Cochrane
1807 Sir Charles Hamilton
1812 Richard Howard-Vyse George Abercrombie Robinson
1818 Hon. Peregrine Cust[2] Samuel Crawley
1826 Josiah John Guest[3] Henry Baines Lott[4]
1830 Sir George Warrender
1831 Henry Baines Lott[5]
1832 Viscount Villiers Conservative James Ruddell-Todd Whig
1835 Hugh Duncan Baillie Conservative Arthur Chichester Conservative
1837 James Stewart Whig
1841 Forster Alleyne McGeachy Conservative
1847 Joseph Locke Whig Sir James Weir Hogg 1st Bt Conservative
1857 Archibald Stuart-Wortley Conservative
1859 Liberal Alexander Baillie-Cochrane Conservative
1860 George Moffatt Liberal
1865 Frederick Goldsmid Liberal
1866 Julian Goldsmid Liberal
1868 Constituency abolished, but re-established in 1885

MPs 1885–1997[edit]

Election Member[1] Party
1885 John Kennaway Conservative
Jan 1910 Clive Morrison-Bell Conservative
1931 Cedric Drewe Conservative
1955 Robert Mathew Conservative
1967 by-election Peter Emery Conservative
1997 constituency abolished: see Tiverton and Honiton

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Honiton[6]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist
  1. Lt-Col. Arthur Clive Morrison-Bell
Unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Honiton[7]

Electorate 29,546

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Arthur Clive Morrison-Bell Unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Honiton[8]

Electorate 30,443

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Arthur Clive Morrison-Bell 12,470 50.6 n/a
Liberal John George Hawkins Halse 12,177 49.4 n/a
Majority 293 1.2 n/a
Turnout 81.0 n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1924: Honiton[9]

Electorate 31,388

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Arthur Clive Morrison-Bell 14,804 55.2 +4.6
Liberal John George Hawkins Halse 12,025 44.8 -4.6
Majority 2,779 10.4 +9.2
Turnout 85.5 +4.5
Unionist hold Swing +4.6
General Election 1929: Honiton[10]

Electorate 41,723

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Arthur Clive Morrison-Bell 17,911 50.9 -4.3
Liberal John George Hawkins Halse 16,353 46.5 +1.7
Labour Florence Rose Davies 915 2.6 n/a
Majority 1,558 4.4 -6.0
Turnout 84.3 -1.2
Unionist hold Swing -3.0

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Honiton[11]

Electorate 43,625

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Cedric Drewe 21,854 60.0 +9.1
Liberal John George Hawkins Halse 14,563 40.0 -6.5
Majority 7,291 20.0 +15.6
Turnout 83.5 -0.8
Conservative hold Swing +7.8
General Election 1935: Honiton[12]

Electorate 45,577

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Cedric Drewe 22,805 71.9 +11.9
Labour J R Morris 8,916 28.1 n/a
Majority 13,889 43.8 +23.8
Turnout 69.6 -13.9
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945: Honiton[14]

Electorate 52,949

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Cedric Drewe 24,499 65.8 -6.1
Labour Henry Thomas Langdon 12,739 34.2 +6.1
Majority 11,760 31.6 -12.2
Turnout 70.3 +0.7
Conservative hold Swing -6.1

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Honiton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Cedric Drewe 26,767 57.78
Labour GR Sargeant 10,816 23.35
Liberal G Barrington 8,742 18.87
Majority 15,951 34.43
Turnout 84.43
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Honiton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Cedric Drewe 27,015 58.42
Liberal J Halse 9,858 21.32
Labour NL Stevens 9,369 20.26
Majority 17,157 37.10
Turnout 82.54
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Honiton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Mathew 25,808 57.63
Liberal JB Halse 11,067 24.71
Labour FW Thornton 7,907 17.66
Majority 14,741 32.92
Turnout 79.68
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1959: Honiton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Mathew 25,959 56.69
Liberal JB Halse 12,906 28.18
Labour FW Morgan 6,928 15.13
Majority 13,053 28.50
Turnout 80.10
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Honiton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Mathew 26,475 55.04
Liberal W Deal 12,354 25.68
Labour Marjorie Clark 9,273 19.28
Majority 14,121 29.36
Turnout 78.77
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Honiton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Mathew 26,966 54.4
Labour Marjorie Clark 13,257 26.7
Liberal R Hicks 9,342 18.9
Majority 13,707 27.7
Turnout 49,565 78.6
Conservative hold Swing
Honiton by-election, 1967
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Emery 26,501 57.0 +2.6
Liberal Bridget Trethewey 10,509 22.6 +3.9
Labour Marjorie Clark 9,501 20.4 -6.3
Majority 15,992 34.4 +6.8
Turnout 46,511 72.6 -6.0
Conservative hold Swing -0.7

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Honiton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Emery 32,885 59.48
Liberal Bridget Trethewey 11,330 20.49
Labour MDD Newitt 11,072 20.03
Majority 21,555 38.99
Turnout 76.66
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Honiton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Emery 32,429 54.48
Liberal V Howell 18,306 30.75
Labour MDD Newitt 8,791 14.77
Majority 14,123 23.73
Turnout 81.98
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Honiton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Emery 29,720 53.77
Liberal V Howell 16,500 29.85
Labour RL Spiller 9,048 16.37
Majority 13,220 23.92
Turnout 75.64
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1979: Honiton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Emery 37,832 62.42
Liberal R Ruffle 12,601 20.79
Labour T Luesby 8,756 14.45
Ecology MH Bacon 1,423 2.35
Majority 25,231 441.63
Turnout 77.41
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1983: Honiton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Emery 32,602 60.58
Social Democrat A Sampson 17,833 33.14
Labour RAC Sharpe 3,377 6.28
Majority 14,769 27.45
Turnout 74.50
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1987: Honiton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Emery 34,931 59.17
Social Democrat G Tatton-Brown 18,369 31.12
Labour S Pollentine 4,988 8.45
Monster Raving Loony S Hughes 747 1.27
Majority 16,562 28.05
Turnout 76.41
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Honiton[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Emery 33,533 52.4 −6.7
Liberal Democrat Mrs JM Sharratt 17,022 26.6 −4.5
Labour R Davison 8,142 12.7 +4.3
Independent Conservative DA Owen 2,175 3.4 +3.4
Raving Loony Green Giant SBF Hughes 1,442 2.3 +2.3
Liberal GJ Halliwell 1,005 1.6 +1.6
Green AJ Tootill 650 1.0 +1.0
Majority 16,511 25.8 −2.2
Turnout 63,969 80.7 +4.3
Conservative hold Swing −1.1

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ P W Cust lived 1791-1873, according to Rayment
  3. ^ 1826 General Election The Times, Saturday 27 May 1826; p.4; Issue 12978; col E: "Mr. Guest, a great iron founder of Wales comes in for Honiton, without opposition, instead of Mr Cust, who retires". General Election: The Times, Saturday 1 July 1826; p.2; Issue 13008; col A: From the London Gazette, Friday, June 30 - List of members returned to the new parliament . . . Josiah John Guest . . .
  4. ^ H B Lott lived 1781-1833, according to Rayment. Bridgewater Advertiser reported Harry Lott - magistrate died 1 July 1833, age 51 at Tracey House near Honiton. . . Hansard says Mr Henry Lott served the Honiton Constituency 16 June 1826 - 30 July 1830 and 5 May 1831 - 13 December 1832.
  5. ^ The Times, Saturday 7 May 1831; pg. 2; Issue 14533; col F: General Election. Members Returned To The New Parliament: HONITON: Sir G Warrender and H B Lott Esq. The Times, Saturday, 28 May 1831; p.3; Issue 14550; col E: "From the London Gazette, Friday, May 27". - "Members Returned To The New Parliament: HONITON: Sir G Warrender and Harry Baines Lott of Tracey-house in the parish of Awliscombe in the county of Devon, Esq."
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  9. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  11. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  12. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  13. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  14. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  15. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.