Honolulu Tudor–French Norman Cottages
Honolulu Tudor--French Norman Cottages TR
|Architectural style||Tudor Revival, Tudor-French Norman style|
|NRHP Reference #||64000146|
|Added to NRHP||June 5, 1987|
Honolulu Tudor—French Norman Cottages Thematic Group is a thematic resource or multiple property submission that describe fifteen Tudor or French Norman houses in Honolulu, Hawaiʻi. All these houses were listed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 5, 1987.
During the boom years of the 1920s, as immigration and tourism to the Territory of Hawaiʻi from the West Coast of the United States increased sharply, many new private homes for the growing middle class showed the design influence of the California bungalows or Mock Tudor English cottages so popular in the Continental United States. One of the most influential architects in Honolulu, Hart Wood, had published a series of articles extolling the appropriateness of the English cottage style for suburban living. In 1920, he moved his practice from San Francisco to Honolulu, where he designed three of the fifteen exemplary English Tudor–French Norman Cottages built during 1923–1932 that were added to the National Register of Historic Places on 5 June 1987.
The Tudor features include asymmetrical, multilevel floor plans and projections, half-timber and stucco facades, small-paned casement windows, and roofs that are either high-pitched or rounded to resemble thatching. Although some of the same features mark grand Tudor mansions like the Charles M. Cooke, Jr., House, these cottages are much more modest structures of one to three stories, built of frame or masonry, with more playful or romantic elements evoking imagined "olde English" or French Norman antecedents. The interiors are designed to be cozy and intimate, with much more wall space than window openings, often with fireplaces and open-beam ceilings.
California regional styles also influenced new public buildings in the Territory. Spanish Colonial Revival and, more broadly, Mediterranean Revival architecture can be seen in Honolulu Hale, President William McKinley High School, the Fire Stations of Oahu, and numerous other public buildings erected during this period.
The following Honolulu properties were listed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 5, 1987:
|Lloyd Case House||3581 Woodlawn Dr.
|Bartlett Cooper House||4850 Kahala Ave.
|Carl H. Duhrsen House||3029 Felix St.
||St. Louis Heights||86002834|
|Dr. Robert Faus House||2311 Ferdinand Ave.
|House at 3023 Kalakaua Avenue||3023 Kalakaua Avenue
|House at 3023A Kalakaua Avenue||3023A Kalakaua Avenue
|House at 3023B Kalakaua Avenue||3023B Kalakaua Avenue
|House at 3027 Kalakaua Avenue||3027 Kalakaua Avenue
|House at 3033 Kalakaua Avenue||3033 Kalakaua Avenue
|House at 3033B Kalakaua Avenue||3033B Kalakaua Avenue
|House at 4109 Black Point Road||4109 Black Point Road
|Frederick Ohrt House||2958 Pali Highway
|J. Alvin Shadinger House||4584 Kahala Avenue
||Kāhala||J. Alvin Shadinger||86002832|
|Charles A. Simpson House||4354 Kahala Avenue
||Kāhala||Theo Davies and Company||86002831|
|Frank Tavares House||2826 Coconut Avenue
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Hibbard, Don (1 May 1987). "Honolulu Tudor--French Norman Cottages Thematic Group" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
- Penkiunas, Daina Julia (1990). American Regional Architecture in Hawaii: Honolulu, 1915–1935. Ann Arbor: UMI (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Virginia).