Hooge (prince)

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Hooge
Prince Su of the First Rank
(肅親王)
Prince Su of the First Rank of the Qing Dynasty
Reign 1636 - 1648
Successor Fushou
Spouse Primary spouses:
Lady Hadanara
Lady Borjigit
Secondary spouses:
Lady Nara
Lady Shuolongwu
Lady Ji'eryuedai
named Taisina(surname unknown)
Lady Borjigit
named Shuhuli(surname unknown)
Tertiary Spouses:
Lady Ningguta
Lady Sirin-Gioro
Lady Sirin-Gioro
Lady Huang
Concubines:
Lady Guwalgiya
Lady Niu
Lady Nara
Lady Irgen-Gioro
Lady Wang
Issue Qizheng'e
Gutai
Wohena
Fushou
Meng'e
Xingbao
Shushu
Full name
Aisin-Gioro Hooge
(愛新覺羅 豪格)
Posthumous name
Prince Suwu of the First Rank
(肅武親王)
House House of Aisin-Gioro
Father Hong Taiji
Mother Lady Ulanara
Born 1609
Died 1648 (aged 38–39)
Hooge
Chinese 豪格

Hooge (Manchu: Hooge script.png; 1609 – 1648) was a Manchu prince of the Qing Dynasty and the eldest son of Hong Taiji. He was the first prince of the Qing Dynasty to hold the title of Prince Su of the First Rank (和碩肅親王; Manchu: Hošoi Fafungga Cin Wang), which became one of the "Iron-cap" princely lines of succession in the dynasty.

Biography[edit]

Hooge was born of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan as the eldest son of Hong Taiji, son of the Qing Dynasty's founder Nurhaci. His mother was Hong Taiji's consort Lady Ulanara.

Hooge participated in military campaigns against the Mongols, Koreans, and the Ming Dynasty. After Hong Taiji's death in 1643, Hooge and his uncle Dorgon fought over the succession to the throne. The situation was to Hooge's advantage because three of the Eight Banners previously under Hong Taiji's control had been passed on to him. On the other hand, Dorgon had the support of his brothers and two White banners. This meant that the remaining two Red banners controlled by Daišan and his son, as well as the Bordered Blue Banner under Chiurhala, were crucial to ensuring that Hooge could win the succession. After much dispute, Daišan started favouring Hooge, who ostensibly refused to take the throne. Hooge was actually waiting for others to urge him to take the throne, so that he could sit on it without projecting a power-hungry image of himself. Unfortunately for Hooge, Dorgon and his brothers gave way, so the conflict continued without a solution. The power struggle concluded with a compromise in order to avoid internal strife. Dorgon nominated Fulin, another son of Hong Taiji born to Consort Zhuang, to be the new ruler, so Fulin ascended to the throne as the Shunzhi Emperor.

Even after the Shunzhi Emperor came to power, there was still much friction between Hooge and Dorgon. According to popular belief, Hooge had conceived a scheme to seize the throne from Shunzhi, but he leaked out his plan to Dorgon's brother Dodo, who informed Dorgon about it. Dorgon then used this as an excuse to have Hooge arrested and thrown into prison. However historical records state that Hooge was imprisoned after the Qing government launched military campaigns against remnant rebel forces in western China, and he died during his incarceration. He was posthumously rehabilitated in 1650, two years after his death.

Family[edit]

  • Father: Hong Taiji
  • Mother: Lady Ulanara, Hong Taiji's consort.
  • Spouses:
    • Primary spouses:
      • Lady Hadanara (哈達那拉氏), daughter of Worgudai (吳爾古代) and Nurhaci's daughter Mangguji (莽古濟). Killed by Hooge due to her mother's involvement in Manggūltai's insubordination to Hong Taiji
      • Lady Borjigit (博爾濟吉特氏), cousin of Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang. Married Hooge in the seventh month of 1636 after his principal wife is killed.
    • Secondary spouses:
      • Lady Nara (納喇氏)
      • Lady Shuolongwu (碩隆武氏)
      • Lady Ji'eryuedai (吉爾岳岱氏)
      • Lady named Taisina (surname unknown)
      • Lady named Shuhuli (surname unknown)
      • Lady Borjigit (博爾濟吉特氏), sister of Dorgon's principal wife.
    • Tertiary spouses:
      • Lady Ningguta (寧古塔氏)
      • Lady Sirin-Gioro (西林覺羅氏)
      • Lady Sirin-Gioro (西林覺羅氏)
      • Lady Huang (黃氏)
    • Concubines:
      • Lady Guwalgiya (瓜爾佳氏)
      • Lady Niu (牛氏)
      • Lady Nara (那拉氏)
      • Lady Irgen-Gioro (伊爾根覺羅氏)
      • Lady Wang (王氏)
  • Children:
    • Qizheng'e (齊正額), Hooge's eldest son.
    • Gutai (固泰), Hooge's second son, granted the title of "General Who Assists the Nation" (輔國將軍) but later stripped off.
    • Wohena (握赫納), Hooge's third son, granted the title of "General Who Assists the Nation" (輔國將軍).
    • Fushou (富綬), Hooge's fourth son, born to Lady Hadanara, granted the title of "Prince Xianyi of the First Rank" (顯懿親王).
    • Meng'e (猛峨), Hooge's fifth son, granted the title of "Prince Wenliang of the Second Rank" (溫良郡王).
    • Xingbao (星保), Hooge's sixth son, served as a "First Class Guard" (頭等侍衛).
    • Shushu (舒書), Hooge's seventh son.

A notable descendant of Hooge was Xianyu (顯玗; 1907–1948), daughter of Shanqi (善耆; 1866 - 1922). She is better known as Yoshiko Kawashima.

Succession of the Prince Su line[edit]

  • Hooge (1609 - 1648), Prince Suwu of the First Rank (肅武親王; r. 1636 - 1648)
  • Fushou (富綬; 1643 - 1669), Prince Xianque of the First Rank (顯慤親王; r. 1651 - 1669)
  • Danzhen (丹臻; 1665 - 1702), Prince Xianmi of the First Rank (顯密親王; r. 1670 - 1702)
  • Yanhuang (衍潢; 1690 - 1771), Prince Xianjin of the First Rank (顯謹親王; r. 1703 - 1771)
  • Yunzhu (蘊著; 1699 - 1778), Prince Suqin of the First Rank (肅勤親王; r. 1772 - 1778)
  • Yongxi (永錫; 1753 - 1821), Prince Sugong of the First Rank (肅恭親王; r. 1778 - 1821)
  • Jingmin (敬敏; 1773 - 1852), Prince Sushen of the First Rank (肅慎親王; r. 1821 - 1852)
  • Huafeng (華豐; 1804 - 1869), Prince Suke of the First Rank (肅恪親王; r. 1853 - 1869)
  • Longqin (隆懃; 1840 - 1898), Prince Suliang of the First Rank (肅良親王; r. 1870 - 1898)
  • Shanqi (善耆; 1866 - 1922), Prince Suzhong of the First Rank (肅忠親王; r. 1898 - 1922)
  • Xianzhang (憲章; 1885 - 1947), Prince Su of the First Rank (肅親王; r. 1922 - 1947)
  • Liansui (連綏; b. 1910)
  • Qingrui (清瑞; b. 1934)

See also[edit]