Hooghly (Lok Sabha constituency)

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Hooghly (Lok Sabha constituency)
Existence 1951-present
Reservation None
Current MP Dr. Ratna De (Nag)
Party Trinamool Congress
Elected Year 2014
State West Bengal
Total Electors 1,630,042[1]
Assembly Constituencies Singur
Chandannagar
Chunchura
Balagarh (SC)
Pandua
Saptagram
Dhanekhali (SC)

Hooghly (Lok Sabha constituency) is one of the 543 parliamentary constituencies in India. The constituency centres on Hugli-Chuchura in West Bengal. All the seven assembly segments of No. 28 Hooghly (Lok Sabha constituency) are in Hooghly district.

Overview[edit]

Hoogly constituency, shares a large industrial area on the western bank of the Hooghly river in the district with Sreerampur and has a rich agricultural hinterland.

According to The Statesman, “The Hooghly Lok Sabha constituency had remained a Communist bastion till the Trinamul snatched their thunder in the 2009 General Election. The constituency has the distinction of having a rich colonial history with the Portuguese settlement at Bandel, the French colony at Chandannagore, the Danish settlement at Serampore… and Chinsurah, a former Dutch colony. Despite ruling West Bengal for 35 years, the Marxixt government alienated its people by such historical blunders as the forcible acquisition of fertile agricultural land in Singur which forms part of the Hooghly constituency.” [2]

The Dunlop tyre plant at Sahagunj, in this constituency is closed. According to Hindustan Times, “The entire jute industry, with eight mills in Hooghly, is sick…From Tribeni in north to Hind Motor in south, by the bank of Hooghly exists the Hooghly industrial belt, now seeking oxygen. Two fertiliser units, one food processing unit, two cotton mills, one steel plant and many other small and medium scale units have closed down over the years.” [3]

Assembly segments[edit]

As per order of the Delimitation Commission issued in 2006 in respect of the delimitation of constituencies in the West Bengal, parliamentary constituency no. 28 Hooghly is composed of the following segments:[4]

Prior to delimitation, Hooghly Lok Sabha constituency was composed of the following assembly segments:[5]Chandernagore (assembly constituency no. 182), Singur (assembly constituency no. 183), Haripal (assembly constituency no. 184), Chinsurah (assembly constituency no. 186), Bansberia (assembly constituency no. 187), Polba (assembly constituency no. 190), Dhaniakhali (SC) (assembly constituency no. 191)

Members of Parliament[edit]

Lok Sabha Duration Constituency Name of M.P. Party Affiliation
First 1952-57 Hooghly N.C.Chatterjee Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha [6]
Second 1957-62 Provat Kar Communist Party of India[7]
Third 1962-67 Provat Kar Communist Party of India [8]
Fourth 1967-71 Bijoy Krishna Modak Communist Party of India (Marxist)[9]
Fifth 1971-77 Bijoy Krishna Modak Communist Party of India (Marxist)[10]
Sixth 1977-80 Bijoy Krishna Modak Communist Party of India (Marxist)[11]
Seventh 1980-84 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist)[12]
Eighth 1984-89 Indumati Bhattacharya Indian National Congress[13]
Ninth 1989-91 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist) [14]
Tenth 1991-96 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist)[15]
Eleventh 1996-98 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist)[16]
Twelfth 1998-99 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist)[17]
Thirteenth 1999-04 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist)[18]
Fourteenth 2004-09 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist)[19]
Fifteenth 2009-14 Dr. Ratna De (Nag) All India Trinamool Congress[20]
Sixteenth 2014-incumbent Dr. Ratna De (Nag) All India Trinamool Congress[21]

Election results[edit]

General election 2014[edit]

Indian general elections, 2014: Hooghly[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
AITMC Dr. Ratna De (Nag) 614312
CPI(M) Pradip Saha 425228
BJP Chandan Mitra 221271
INC Pritam Ghosh 42226
CPI(ML) Liberation Sajal Adhikari 9152
SUCI(C) Paban Mazumder 7682
BSP Vijay Kumar Mahato 5519
RJP Sanghamitra Mukherjee 3766
JDP Shukchand Murmu 3197
Turnout 1,348,870[1] 82.75
AITMC hold Swing
e • d Indian general election, 2014
West Bengal summary
Party Seats won Seat change Vote percentage
Trinamool Congress 34 Increase15 39.3
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 2 Decrease7 22.7
Communist Party of India 0 Decrease2 2.3
Revolutionary Socialist Party 0 Decrease2 2.4
Forward Bloc 0 Decrease2 2.1
Indian National Congress 4 Decrease2 9.6
Bharatiya Janata Party 2 Increase1 16.8
Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) 0 Decrease1 0.7

Source: Party-wise trends in General Election to the Lok Sabha 2014
List of successful candidates in General Elections 2009 to the 15th Lok Sabha


General election 2009[edit]

General Election, 2009: Hooghly[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
AITMC Dr. Ratna De (Nag) 574,022
CPI(M) Rupchand Pal 492,499
BJP Dr. Chuni Lal Chakraborty 39,784
JDP Swapan Murmu 12,417
CPI(ML) Liberation Sajal Adhikari 12,068
Independent Satya Gopal Dey 10,119
BSP Suryya Kanta Ray 9,933
Independent Alok Pathak 6,908
SP Arabinda Sen 4,894
Turnout 1,162,646 82.71
AITMC gain from CPI(M) Swing
e • d Indian general election, 2009
West Bengal summary
Party Seats won Seat change Vote percentage
Trinamool Congress 19 Increase18 31.8
Indian National Congress 6 Increase0 13.45
Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) 1 Increase1 NA
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 9 Decrease17 33.1
Communist Party of India 2 Decrease1 3.6
Revolutionary Socialist Party 2 Decrease1 3.56
Forward bloc 2 Decrease1 3.04
Bharatiya Janata Party 1 Increase1 6.14

Source: List of successful candidates in General Elections 2009 to the 15th Lok Sabha
Statitical Report on General Elections 2004 to the 14th Lok Sabha
Statewise seats won and vote percentage - Lok Sabha 2009


General elections 1951-2004[edit]

Most of the contests were multi-cornered. However, only winners and runners-up are mentioned below:

Year Winner Runner-up
Candidate Party Candidate Party
1951 N.C.Chatterjee Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha Renuka Roy Indian National Congress
1957 Provat Kar Communist Party of India Sachindra Chosdhury Indian National Congress
1962 Provat Kar Communist Party of India Nirmal Kumar Sen Indian National Congress
1967 Bejoy Krishna Modak Communist Party of India (Marxist) P.K.Palit Indian National Congress
1972 Bejoy Krishna Modak Communist Party of India (Marxist) Phani Ghosh Indian National Congress
1977 Bijoy Krishna Modak Communist Party of India (Marxist) Bishnu Charan Banerjee Indian National Congress
1980 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist) Santimohan Roy Indian National Congress (I)
1984 Indumati Bhattacharya Indian National Congress Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist)
1989 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist) Umasankar Halder Indian National Congress
1991 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist) Umasankar Halder Indian National Congress
1996 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist) Gouri Sankar Banerjee Indian National Congress
1998 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist) Tapan Dasgupta Trinamool Congress
1999 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist) Tapan Dasgupta Trinamool Congress
2004 Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist) Indrani Mukherjee Trinamool Congress

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Parliamentary Constituency Wise Turnout for General Elections 2014". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "A Quarilateral Fight in Hooghly". The Statesman, 23 March 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "Industrial belt seeks makeover". Hindustan Times, 3 May 2011. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18". Table B – Extent of Parliamentary Constituencies. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  5. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 2004 to the 14th Lok Sabha". Volume III Details For Assembly Segments Of Parliamentary Constituencies. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  6. ^ "General Elections, India, 1951- Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  7. ^ "General Elections, India, 1957- Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "General Elections, India, 1962- Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "General Elections, India, 1967 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  10. ^ "General Elections, India, 1971 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "General Elections, 1977 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  12. ^ "General Elections, 1980 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "General Elections, 1984 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  14. ^ "General Elections, 1989 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  15. ^ "General Elections, 1991 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  16. ^ "General Elections, 1996 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  17. ^ "General Elections, 1998 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  18. ^ "General Elections, 1999 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  19. ^ "General Elections, 2004 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  20. ^ a b "General Elections, 2009 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  21. ^ a b "General Elections to Lok Sabha 2014 Constituency Wise Trends & Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 

See also[edit]