Hula hoop

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This article is about the hula-hoop toy. For the subculture, see Hooping. For the snack food, see Hula Hoops.
Girl twirling a Hula hoop, 1958
Video of a woman hula hooping in Times Square, New York.
Hoop busker Emery Carl is balancing a guitar & hula hoop at the Pike Place market in Seattle
A new circus hula hoop performer using glow stick and LED technologies

A hula hoop is a toy hoop that is twirled around the waist, limbs or neck. The modern hula hoop was invented in 1958 by Arthur K. Melin and Richard Knerr, but children and adults around the world have played with hoops, twirling, rolling and throwing them throughout history. Hula hoops for children generally measure approximately 71 centimetres (28 in) in diameter, and those for adults around 1.02 metres (40 in). Traditional materials for hoops include willow, rattan (a flexible and strong vine), grapevines and stiff grasses. Today, they are usually made of plastic tubing.[1]

Background information[edit]

Native American Hoop Dance is a form of storytelling dance incorporating anywhere from one to 30 hoops as props . These props are used to create both static and dynamic shapes, which represent various animals, symbols, and storytelling elements. The dance is generally performed by a solo dancer with multiple hoops.

Before it was known and recognized as the common colorful plastic toy (sometimes with water inside the actual hoop), the traditional "hula hoop" used to be made of dried up willow, rattan, grapevines, or stiff grasses. Even though they have existed for thousands of years, they are often misunderstood as being invented in the 1950s.[2]

According to author Charles Panati, there was a 'craze' of using wooden and metal hoops in 14th century England. He reports that doctors treated patients suffering from pain and dislocated backs due to hooping - and heart failure was even attributed to it.[3] Panati also says that the name 'hula' came from the Hawaiian dance in the 18th century, due to the similar hip movements.[3]

Modern history[edit]

The hula hoop gained international popularity in the late 1950s when a plastic version was successfully marketed by California's Wham-O toy company. In 1957, Richard Knerr and Arthur "Spud" Melin, starting with the idea of Australian bamboo "exercise hoops", manufactured 1.06 metre (42 in) hoops with Marlex plastic. With give-aways and national marketing and retailing, a fad was started in July, 1958;[4][5] twenty-five million plastic hoops were sold in less than four months, and in two years sales reached more than 100 million units.[1] Carlon Products Corporation was one of the first manufacturers of the hula hoop. During the 1950s, when the hula hoop craze swept the country, Carlon was producing more than 50,000 hula hoops per day. The hoop was inducted into the National Toy Hall of Fame at The Strong in Rochester, New York, in 1999.

Modern hooping[edit]

Fire Gypsy performing with a fire hula hoop
Main article: Hooping

Recently there has been a re-emergence of hula hooping: generally referred to as either "hoopdance" or simply "hooping" to distinguish it from the children's playform. Hoopers have organised a special day once a year, World Hoop Day, to celebrate hooping. Modern hula hooping is seen at festivals and fairs including Burning Man, Bonnaroo, Camp Bisco, The Gathering of the Vibes, All Good, Lock'n, Camp Euforia, and Coachella.

Many modern hoopers make their own hoops out of polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene, high-density polypropylene, or polypropylene tubing. The polyethylene hoops, and especially the polyvinyl chloride hoops, are much larger and heavier than hoops of the 1950s. The size and the weight of the hoop affects style of the hooper. Heavier, larger hoops are more often used for slow hooping and body tricks while lighter, thinner tubing is used for quick hand tricks. These hoops may be covered in a fabric or plastic tape to ease the amount of work in keeping a hoop twirling around the dancer, and can be very colorful. Some use glow-in-the dark, patterned, or sparkling tape, and others are produced with clear tubing and filled with plastic balls, glitter, or even water to produce visual or audio effects when used. LED technology has also been introduced in the past few years, allowing hoops to light up at the flick of a switch.

Modern hooping has created a wide range of tricks. Hooping now includes many 'on body' moves and many 'off body' moves. A few examples include breaks, isolations, leg hooping, and double hooping.

Hooping has now become popular fitness activity, with classes taking place in many towns and cities across the world.

A recent development in hooping has been fire hooping, in which spokes are set into the outside of the hoop and tipped with kevlar wicks, which are soaked in fuel and lit on fire.

Some companies produce collapsible hula hoops for easy transport and versatility: each hoop breaks down into four or more pieces to later be reassembled. Other collapsible hoops are simply twisted down, and folded in half for easy storage.

World records[edit]

Duration[edit]

The longest verified record holder is Aaron Hibbs from Columbus, Ohio who kept a hoop spinning for 74 hours and 54 minutes between October 22, through 25, 2009.[6]

The current unverified record is held by Roxann Rose of Pullman, Washington in the United States, who kept the hoop spinning for 90 hours between April 2, and April 6, 1987.[7] Rose used her arm to keep the hoop spinning.[8]

8-year-old Mary Jane Freeze won a hooping endurance contest on 19 August 1976, by keeping the hoop spinning for 10 hours and 47 minutes.

Most hula hoops twirled at once[edit]

The record for the most hoops twirled simultaneously is 160, set by Marawa the Amazing on April 7, 2014.[9] The previous record was 132, set by Paul 'dizzy hips' Blair, on June 15, 2009.[7]

Dancing with hula hoops

Hoop running[edit]

Records for running while twirling a hula hoop around the waist are:[7]

  • 100 m: 13.84 seconds, by Roman Schedler of Austria on 16 July 1994
  • 1 mile: 6:40, by Kris Slomin of United States on 20 October 2008
  • 10 km, men: 1:06:35, by Paul "Sexy Hips" Blair, date unknown
  • 10 km, women: 1:27:25, by Boo Crystal Chan of Australia, 12 March 2009

Hula Hoop dancing[edit]

On 19 February 2013, 4,483 people swung hula hoops to dance music for seven minutes. They did this without interruption at Thammasat University stadium in Thailand setting a world record for the most people dancing with hula hoops simultaneously in one place. Guinness World Records was there to confirm the record.

Other records[edit]

The largest hoop successfully twirled was 13.88 metres (45.55 ft) in circumference, by Ashrita Furman of the United States in September, 2005.

In 2000, Roman Schedler spun a 53-pound tractor tyre for 71 seconds at the 5th Saxonia Record Festival in Bregenz, Austria.[7]

In April 2010, 70 hoopers on Team Hooprama hula hooped the Music City Half-Marathon (21.0975 kilometres (13.1094 mi)) to raise awareness and funds for Hooping for Hope.[10][11]

In March 2013, the largest hula hoop workout (407 participants) was achieved at Ravenscraig Regional Sports Facility in Scotland by North Lanarkshire Leisure and Powerhoop Fitness.[12]

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Background, history, raw materials, design, and the manufacturing process of hula hoops". Madehow.com. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  2. ^ "Hula Hoop History". The Great Idea Finder. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Panati, Charles (1989). The Extraordinary Origins of Everyday Things. William Morrow Paperbacks / HarperCollins. ISBN 0062277081. 
  4. ^ Brymer, Chuck (2008). The nature of marketing: marketing to the swarm as well as the herd. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 22. 
  5. ^ Olson, James Stuart (2000). Historical dictionary of the 1950s. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 136. 
  6. ^ Guinness World Records. "Longest marathon hula hooping". guinnessworldrecords.com. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  7. ^ a b c d Ralf Laue. "Hula Hoop World Records". Recordholders.org. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  8. ^ McFarlan, Donald (1988). David A. Boehm, Cyd Smith, ed. Guinness Book of World Records, 1989. Sterling. p. 297. ISBN 0806902760. 
  9. ^ "Early Record Breakers". CBS News. 9 November 2009. 
  10. ^ "Hooping for Hope". Hooping for Hope. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  11. ^ "Group Hula Hoops Marathon to Raise Awareness - NewsChannel5.com | Nashville News, Weather & Sports". NewsChannel5.com. 2010-04-23. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  12. ^ Guinness World Records. "Largest Hula Hoop Workout". 
  13. ^ Schoemer, Karen (2006). Great Pretenders: My Strange Love Affair with '50s Pop Music. Simon and Schuster. pp. 93–95. 
  14. ^ "Angie Mack International Hula Hoop Performer". Hulahooper.com. Retrieved 2014-01-29. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Caughey, T. K. (February 1960), "Hula-Hoop: An Example of Heteroparametric Excitation", American Journal of Physics 28 (2): 104–109, doi:10.1119/1.1935069 
  • Seyranian, Alexander P.; Belyakov, Anton O. (July 2011), "How to twirl a hula hoop", American Journal of Physics 79 (7): 712–715, arXiv:1101.0072, doi:10.1119/1.3576177 

External links[edit]