Hooper Island Light
1951 photograph of Hooper Island Light (USCG)
|Location||4 mi west of Middle Hooper Island in the Chesapeake Bay|
|Year first constructed||1902|
|Year first lit||1902|
|Tower shape||round "sparkplug" tower|
|Markings / pattern||White on brown base|
|Focal height||63 feet (19 m)|
|Original lens||fourth-order Fresnel lens|
|Range||9 nautical miles (17 km; 10 mi)|
|Characteristic||Flashing White, 6 seconds|
|Fog signal||Horn, 1 every 30 seconds Operated continuously from Sept. 15 to June 1|
Hooper Island Light Station
|Nearest city||Hooperville, Maryland|
|Area||less than one acre|
|MPS||Light Stations of the United States MPS|
|NRHP Reference #||02001426|
|Added to NRHP||December 2, 2002|
The initial request of a light at this site was made in 1897, but construction was delayed until 1901 after the Variety Iron Works Company failed to deliver materials in time. Unlike earlier caisson lights in the bay, the foundation was placed using the pneumatic process, in which the caisson is kept under pressure to expel water, and the interior is excavated to bring the cylinder down to the desired depth.
The tower is taller than other Maryland sparkplug lights because of the provision for a watch room as well as a lantern atop the tower, the only example in the state. A fog bell was originally housed on the lower gallery but was later moved to the watch room level, a backup to the fog horn added in the 1930s. The characteristic was changed several times through the years, with different patterns of flashes and eclipses.
The lighthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 2, 2002 as Hooper Island Light Station. The structure was officially turned over to the U.S. Lighthouse Society in June 2009, but the light remains active.
- Light List, Volume II, Atlantic Coast, Shrewsbury River, New Jersey to Little River, South Carolina (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2012. p. 72.
- "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Maryland". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Maryland". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Hooper Island Lighthouse, from the Chesapeake Chapter of the United States Lighthouse Society
- Hooper Island Lighthouse, from Lighthousefriends.com
- de Gast, Robert (1973). The Lighthouses of the Chesapeake. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 134–137.