Hoopeston, Illinois

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Hoopeston, Illinois
City
Art in McFerren Park, 2007
Art in McFerren Park, 2007
Nickname(s): Sweetcorn Capital of the World
Vermilion County's location in Illinois
Vermilion County's location in Illinois
Hoopeston, Illinois is located in Vermilion County, Illinois
Hoopeston, Illinois
Hoopeston, Illinois
Hoopeston's location in Vermilion County
Coordinates: 40°28′02″N 87°40′06″W / 40.46722°N 87.66833°W / 40.46722; -87.66833Coordinates: 40°28′02″N 87°40′06″W / 40.46722°N 87.66833°W / 40.46722; -87.66833
Country  United States
State  Illinois
County Vermilion
Township Grant
Founded 1871
Organized 1874
Incorporated 1877
Government
 • Mayor Bill Crusinberry [1]
Area
 • Total 9.6 km2 (3.69 sq mi)
 • Land 9.6 km2 (3.69 sq mi)
 • Water 0.0 km2 (0.00 sq mi)
Elevation 221 m (725 ft)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 5,351
 • Density 560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
ZIP code 60942
Area code(s) 217
GNIS feature ID 0410494[3]
Website City website

Hoopeston is a city in Grant Township, Vermilion County, Illinois, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 5,351.[2] It is part of the Danville, Illinois, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Entrance to McFerren Park, 2007

Hoopeston was laid out in 1871. It was named for Thomas Hoopes, one of the men who offered land for the crossing of two railroads: the Lafayette, Bloomington and Western Railroad and the Chicago, Danville and Vincennes Railroad.[4][5] The two railroads separated the town into four sections. The latter railroad still exists and is now operated jointly by CSX Transportation and Union Pacific Railroad.[6]

In 1890, Greer College was established in Hoopeston, funded by a gift of $40,000 and 500 acres (2.0 km2) of land from John Greer.[5]

Business and manufacturing in Hoopeston have historically been related to agriculture. In 1875, S. S. McCall established the Illinois Canning Company to can locally-grown vegetables; and this was so successful that in 1878 the Hoopeston Canning Company was established, which later became part of Stokely-Van Camp, Inc.[5] In addition, Silgan Can (formerly American Can) had a factory which manufactured the tin cans themselves, and an FMC plant manufactured agricultural machinery.

In honor of its agricultural roots, Hoopeston holds a Sweet Corn Festival each September, starting the Thursday before Labor Day and ending on Labor Day.

In association with the Sweet Corn Festival, the Miss National Sweetheart Pageant is also held during the week. Runners-up from the Miss America state pageants are eligible to compete for the title of Miss National Sweetheart.[citation needed]

It was also the location of one of several prisoner of war camps housing German soldiers during World War II (see German Prisoner of War Camp, Hoopeston, Illinois).

Geography[edit]

Hoopeston is located at the intersection of Illinois Route 1 and Illinois Route 9 about a mile from the north edge of Vermilion County. According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 3.69 square miles (9.6 km2), all land.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1990 5,871
2000 5,965 1.6%
2010 5,351 −10.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 5,965 people, 2,297 households, and 1,499 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,913.8 people per square mile (738.2/km²). There were 2,520 housing units at an average density of 808.5/sq mi (311.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.79% White, 0.82% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 5.60% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.38% of the population.

There were 2,297 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,947, and the median income for a family was $39,368. Males had a median income of $31,656 versus $20,474 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,055. About 12.3% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

  • Hoopeston Area High School
  • Hoopeston Area Middle School
  • John Greer Grade School (originally known as John Greer College) serves 5th and 6th grade students.
  • Honeywell School serves 3rd and 4th grade students.
  • Maple Grade School serves kindergarten through 2nd grade students.

The school district has faced increasingly declining enrollment over the past 10 years. The district has also struggled financially in recent years. The school teams are named the "Cornjerkers", a term describing farm workers who picked corn prior to the use of mechanized corn picker implements.

Hoopeston Area High School is the alma mater of current Ohio State University head men's basketball coach Thad Matta.

Library[edit]

Hoopeston is served by the Hoopeston Carnegie Public Library.[9]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elected Officials". City of Hoopeston, Illinois. Retrieved 2012-10-02. 
  2. ^ a b "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Hoopeston". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  4. ^ Jones, Lottie E. (1911). History of Vermilion County, Illinois (volume 1). Chicago, Illinois: Pioneer Publishing Company. p. 224. 
  5. ^ a b c Stapp, Katherine; W. I. Bowman (1968). History Under Our Feet: The Story of Vermilion County, Illinois. Danville, Illinois: Interstate Printers and Publishers, Inc. pp. 42–44. 
  6. ^ "Illinois Railroad Map" (PDF). Illinois Department of Transportation. January 2006. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Homepage". Hoopeston Public Library District. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 

External links[edit]