The Hoosier Lottery is the only US lottery that uses the state's nickname as its official name. It is a member of the Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL). Its games include Hoosier Lotto, Powerball, Mega Millions, Cash 5, Poker Lotto and numerous draw and scratch games.
In early American history, legislators commonly established lotteries to fund schools, roads, and other public works. The government of the Indiana Territory in 1807 chartered Vincennes University, authorizing it to raise up to $20,000 in a lottery, to provide for a library and other facilities. The lottery was a failure; after a year, those few tickets that had been sold were recalled. Another lottery was authorized in 1810 to raise $1,000 to buy books for a library in Vincennes, but it was unsuccessful. Another was authorized in 1818 for the Jeffersonville Ohio Canal Company to raise $100,000, but it only brought in $2,536.
The 1840s and 1850s saw a general movement against lotteries in the United States, partly on moral grounds, and partly due to a backlash against legislative corruption. The Indiana constitutional convention of 1851 adopted, with little debate, a clause that "no lottery shall be authorized; nor shall the sale of lottery tickets be allowed".
Vincennes University moved to revive its lottery in 1879, arguing successfully in a test case before the Indiana Supreme Court that, under the Contracts Clause, the lottery provision of the 1807 charter could not be revoked, even by a constitutional ban. The U.S. Supreme Court soon rejected a similar argument in Stone v. Mississippi, but Vincennes was able to run its lottery as a policy game, contracted out to a group of experienced lottery operators from Kentucky, for over a year before it was ruled unlawful in 1883.
In 1988, state voters approved by 62 percent a constitutional amendment lifting the ban. Indiana legislators authorized the state lottery, along with parimutuel betting on horse racing, in May 1989. The first scratch-off game, Hoosier Millionaire, went on sale in October. Lotto Cash, the first online game, began in April 1990.
Lightning struck twice
On July 29, 1998, a group of 13 machine-shop workers from Ohio bought a Powerball ticket in Richmond, Indiana that won the then-largest U.S. lottery jackpot ($295.7 million annuity value.) The "baker's dozen" had chosen the cash option. Richmond produced a yet-larger Powerball prize of approximately $314 million in the August 25, 2007 drawing.
Record in-house jackpot
The drawing on November 7, 2007 had a jackpot of $54.5 million, its largest jackpot ever. Retired steel worker Peter Gilbert of East Chicago, Indiana chose the cash option of $40.4 million rather than the 30 annual payments . There were no jackpot winners since October 21, 2006, so the grand prize broke its previous jackpot record of $42 million set June 5, 1999.
Daily 3 is a daily pick 3 game that began in 1990. Prices, prizes and types of play vary. Daily 3 is drawn 13 times weekly, with one drawing on Sundays.
Daily 4 also began in 1990. Prices, prizes and types of play vary. Daily 4 also is drawn 13 times weekly.
Lucky 5 (ending November 3, 2012)
Lucky 5 also is drawn 13 times weekly. Top prize is $50,000.
On November 4, 2012, L5 will be replaced by Cash 5, which will draw from 39 numbers instead of 36. Cash 5 will be drawn nightly; it will have a minimum jackpot of $50,000. Players will need only two matching numbers (instead of three) in the $1-per-play game.
Quick Draw is daily; games cost $1 each. Players choose 10 numbers from 1-80. The Lottery draws 20 numbers. Matching any 10 of the 20 numbers wins $300,000. This game is very similar to Keno.
Mix & Match
Mix & Match is played Tuesday and Friday evenings. For each Mix & Match ticket, players receive three lines of five numbers each; one play costs $2. Five numbers from 1-50 are drawn. There are multiple ways of winning. Match the 5 numbers across a three line set to win up to $5,000. Match all five numbers on a single line to win $200,000.
Hoosier Lotto was the first Indiana lottery. It is played on Wednesday and Saturdays, and uses a 6/48 matrix. The jackpots begin at $1 million; after two drawings without a winner, the jackpot increases by $500,000 per draw. Games cost $1 each.
Powerball (multi-lottery game)
Since 1990, the Hoosier Lottery has been a MUSL member. Powerball began in 1992. Powerball's jackpots currently start at $40 million; it is drawn Wednesday and Saturday nights.
Mega Millions (multi-lottery game)
On October 13, 2009, the Mega Millions consortium and MUSL reached an agreement in principle to cross-sell Mega Millions and Powerball in U.S. lottery jurisdictions. On January 31, 2010, the Hoosier Lottery began selling Mega Millions tickets.
- McMaster, John Bach (1911). A History of the People of the United States: From the Revolution to the Civil War. Appleton and Company. p. 588.
- Howard, Timothy Edward (1907). A History of St. Joseph County, Indiana. Lewis Publishing Company. p. 98.
- Burnett, Howard R. (1933). "Early History of Vincennes University". Indiana Magazine of History 29 (2): 120.
- Constantine, J. Robert (1965). "The Vincennes Library Company: A Cultural Institution in Pioneer Indiana". Indiana Magazine of History 61 (4): 316, 352.
- Fatout, Paul (1961). "Canal Agitation at Ohio Falls". Indiana Magazine of History 57 (4): 303.
- Szymanski, Ann-Marie E. (2003). Pathways to Prohibition: Radicals, Moderates, and Social Movement Outcomes. Duke University Press. pp. 95–96. ISBN 978-0-8223-3169-8.
- Kellum v. The State, 66 Ind. 588 (Ind. 1879).
- "Men and things in Indiana: A university starting a lottery". New York Times. February 5, 1882.
- Stone v. Mississippi, 101 U.S. 814 (U.S. 1880).
- "Notes from Indiana: How a lottery scheme was legalized". New York Times. December 3, 1882.
- State v. Woodward, 89 Ind. 110 (Ind. 1883).
- "Voters lift state curb on lottery". The Post-Tribune (Merrillville: via HighBeam). November 9, 1988. (subscription required)
- "Lottery opponents say they will continue fight". The Post-Tribune (Merrillville: via HighBeam). November 10, 1988. (subscription required)
- "Hoosier lottery is approved, along with pari-mutuel bets". Rochester Sentinel. AP. May 4, 1989.
- "They said...". The Post-Tribune (Merrillville: via HighBeam). May 13, 1989. (subscription required)
- "Lottery fever dies, but goal reachable". Bryan Times. UPI. October 16, 1989.
- Kusmer, Ken (April 30, 1990). "Lottery's 'cash game' begins". Madison Courier. AP.