Hoover Building

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Hoover Building
Hoover Building.jpg
The Hoover Building
Hoover Building is located in Greater London
Hoover Building
Location within Greater London
General information
Town or city Perivale
Country United Kingdom
Coordinates 51°32′01″N 0°19′08″W / 51.533611°N 0.318889°W / 51.533611; -0.318889
Design and construction
Architecture firm Wallis, Gilbert and Partners

The Hoover Building on Western Avenue (A40) in Perivale, west London, is an example of Art Deco architecture designed by Wallis, Gilbert and Partners (1932-38).

History[edit]

Hoover Building, Canteen Building No.7

It was built for The Hoover Company in 1933, and was designed by Wallis, Gilbert and Partners.[1]

In 1938 Building No 7 was added, as the factory canteen.[2]

John Betjeman described it as, "a sort of Art Deco Wentworth Woodhouse - with whizzing window curves derived from Erich Mendelsohn's work in Germany, and splashes of primary colour from the Aztec and Mayan fashions at the 1925 Paris Exhibition."[3]

Second World War[edit]

During the Second World War the Hoover Factory manufactured electrical equipment for aircraft [4] and tanks. Cleaners were still being produced, but output was much lower than previously.[5] The factory operated 24 hours a day, with employees working shifts. The buildings were repainted and camouflaged[6] with netting to avoid being spotted and bombed by German aircraft. During the blitz a lookout post was set up on the roof, and was manned by members of the sales force who were too old for active service. The Hoover Company organised an evacuation scheme, and sent children of employees to live at the homes of Hoover staff in Canada.

Hoover's UK expansion[edit]

After the Second World War an additional five-storey building (No.8) was built and stood to the north of the site alongside building No.5. Hoover continued manufacturing upright cleaners at the Hoover Building until the early 1980s when production was moved to the Cambuslang facility. The office remained open at the site for a few more years until it too was eventually closed and Hoover left the site. The building remained empty for many years, slowly falling into disrepair.

In 1980 the original building[7] and in 1981 the canteen block[8] were granted a Grade II* listing.

Tesco[edit]

Entrance to Tesco Supermarket extension at the back of the Hoover Building

In 1989 the supermarket chain Tesco purchased the Hoover Building and sixteen of the seventeen houses that backed onto the Hoover site.[9] Plans were then set in motion to build a Tesco Supermarket at the rear of the site and restore the original building and canteen, and convert them into offices. Work on the site started in 1991 and included the demolition of Building Nos. 5 and 8. Construction of the new supermarket started in January 1992 and was completed in November 1992.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°32′1″N 0°19′8″W / 51.53361°N 0.31889°W / 51.53361; -0.31889