Hope, Indiana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hope, Indiana
Town
Northside of public square
Northside of public square
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 39°18′0″N 85°46′15″W / 39.30000°N 85.77083°W / 39.30000; -85.77083Coordinates: 39°18′0″N 85°46′15″W / 39.30000°N 85.77083°W / 39.30000; -85.77083
Country United States
State Indiana
County Bartholomew
Township Haw Creek
Area[1]
 • Total 0.95 sq mi (2.46 km2)
 • Land 0.95 sq mi (2.46 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 715 ft (218 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,102
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,147
 • Density 2,212.6/sq mi (854.3/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EST (UTC-5)
ZIP code 47246
Area code(s) 812
FIPS code 18-34744[4]
GNIS feature ID 0436432[5]

Hope is a town in Haw Creek Township, Bartholomew County, Indiana, United States, known for its historic character. The population was 2,102 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Columbus, Indiana, metropolitan statistical area.

History[edit]

The first settlement at Hope was made in 1830 by a colony of Moravians (people of the Protestant Moravian denomination) from Salem, North Carolina (now Winston-Salem), led by the Rev. Martin Hauser, after whom the town high school is named.[6] Although a 1905 source claimed that the town was named for the optimistic spirit of its Moravian pioneer settlers,[7] "Hope" is a common name for religious settlements, denoting hope in God's favor and the resurrection. The town was originally named Goshen, after the Biblical Goshen, but upon the establishment of a post office in 1834 the name was changed to Hope, as Indiana already had a town named Goshen.[8] The town was founded to be a communal settlement like that of the two prominent Moravian settlements in the United States, Salem, North Carolina and Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The model for these did not work for a farming community like Hope, and early on the decision was made to end community property and allow residents to own their own land. Soon thereafter the town was also opened to non-Moravians.

In the middle of the nineteenth century a Moravian day school was opened in Hope, and soon thereafter it was decided that the school should be transformed into a boarding school for young women, under the auspices of the Moravian Church. Guidance and funds were provided from the Moravian Church in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and the Hope Moravian Seminary for Young Ladies opened in 1866. A building, a house for the Principal and his family, and extensive grounds were situated on what is now Seminary Street. The school was run for thirteen years by the Rev. Francis R. Holland and his wife Augusta Holland, with a number of teachers, and offered a wide program of study, including Latin, English, French, German, Music, Drawing, Mathematics, Geography, History, and Natural History.[9] Students came from a number of midwestern states. With so many teachers, the school had trouble making ends meet, and in 1879 the Bethlehem elders sent a second principal, the Rev. Jesse Blickensdorfer, to replace the first, in the hope that he could make the school profitable. He reduced the number of teachers to two, but this effort also failed and the seminary was closed in 1881. In later years the buildings were used for a Normal School, and then finally torn down. All that remains of the school are elaborate iron gates on the western side of Main Street, given by alumnae of the school in memory of the nature walks led by the Rev. Holland in the Spring Woods, entered where the gates stand.

Hope retains many other signs of its past, and the entire downtown district is on the National Register of Historic Places, known as the Hope Historic District. The history of the town can also be traced in the town's Yellow Trail Museum, which contains two floors of historical artifacts donated by the townspeople.[10] The town is also home to the Rural Letter Carriers' Museum, on the north side of the town square, in honor of the fact that Hope has the oldest continuously running rural mail delivery in the nation, begun in 1896.[11] The Museum is said to be the museum with the greatest number of opening hours, being open around the clock, as it is merely a small building with large windows into which passers-by can look. In 2014 the Bartholomew County Historical Society opened the Haw Creek Heritage Center at 111 Aiken Street in Hope. The Heritage Center contains historical materials and hosts events.[12]

Hope's historic past is honored twice a year in Hope Heritage Days, held every year on the last full weekend in September, and Hope Civil War Days, held every year in spring.[13]

Hope, Indiana is one of Indiana's smallest communities to still have its own newspaper. Hope's community newspaper was established in 1912 when two competing newspapers merged to create one weekly publication—the Hope Star-Journal.[14]

Hope is home to three buildings designed by acclaimed architects: Hope Elementary (Taft Associates), Hope Branch Library (Deborah Burke), and Hope Star-Journal (Harry Weese). The latter was built as a branch of Irwin Union Bank.[15]

Geography[edit]

Hope is located at 39°18′0″N 85°46′0″W / 39.30000°N 85.76667°W / 39.30000; -85.76667.[16]

According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 0.95 square miles (2.5 km2), all land.[1]

Education and Athletics[edit]

Hope is home to Hauser Junior-Senior High School (grades 7-12). It is part of the Flatrock-Hawcreek School Corporation. The principal is Shawn Price. The school mascot is the Jets, and school colors are black and white.

The school's athletic teams have been very successful in recent years. In 2005, the boys' basketball team, coached by Bob Nobbe, were the Class A semi-state runners-up. In 2006, the boys' basketball team defeated Tri-Central to capture the Class A state championship. In 2005, the boys' baseball team were Class A state runners-up. The coach was Gerald Schoen.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,102 people, 787 households, and 561 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,212.6 inhabitants per square mile (854.3/km2). There were 859 housing units at an average density of 904.2 per square mile (349.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.1% White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.

There were 787 households of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.7% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.07.

The median age in the town was 35.6 years. 25.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 11.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,140 people, 788 households, and 594 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,242.3 people per square mile (869.7/km²). There were 849 housing units at an average density of 889.6 per square mile (345.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.50% White, 0.51% African American, 0.19% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population.

There were 788 households out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.5% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the town the population was spread out with 30.8% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,347, and the median income for a family was $38,875. Males had a median income of $30,690 versus $21,681 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,099. About 10.2% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over.

Culture[edit]

The town of Hope has a strong sense of history, as reflected in its Yellow Trail Museum, its location as the site of the Haw Creek branch of the Bartholomew County Historical Society, its annual Heritage Days celebration, and a number of other traditional celebrations. The downtown Hope Historic District encompasses many nineteenth-century brick buildings and old houses, as well as one of Hope's original log cabins. Adjacent to the current school is the historic Simmons School, a one-room schoolhouse in use from 1879-1907, where events and reenactments are now held.

The town has an Art Guild, a non-profit foundation housed at 645 Harrison Street, which promotes local art and artists. The town has also joined in the movement to display "barn quilts," paintings of quilt squares on the sides of buildings, based originally on the hex squares, a type of Pennsylvania Dutch folk art traditionally painted to bring luck.

Hope has the only remaining Moravian church in the state of Indiana, and many of the traditional Moravian practices are also preserved, such as the display of the "putz," or elaborate Christmas scene in miniature, in the church at Christmastime, the tradition of hanging Moravian stars, and the making of Moravian sugar cakes, a type of sweet raised coffee cake widely sold at local festivals.

A more recent Mennonite presence in Hope has brought traditional Mennonite foods to local stores. Combined with the area's fresh produce and the Simmons Winery, an effort is being made to promote Hope as a center of good food traditions.

Hope is also the center of the annual Hope Ride, a bicycling event that raises funds for charity. The Hope Ride takes place each year in September, when hundreds of cyclists converge on Hope to ride short or long country loops that take in a variety of scenic features such as historic barns, churches, bridges, monuments, and a local winery.

Author Philip Gulley's novel A Place Called Hope (Center Street/Hachette, 2014) is set in Hope, Indiana, and concerns a pastor who moves to Hope to take over a Quaker congregation. Although the town in the book is called Hope, Indiana, it does not greatly resemble the real Hope and there is no Quaker congregation in the real Hope.

Notable person[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Baker, Ronald L. (October 1995). From Needmore to Prosperity: Hoosier Place Names in Folklore and History. Indiana University Press. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-253-32866-3. This town was settled in 1830 by a Moravian congregation from North Carolina... 
  7. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 160. 
  8. ^ "Bartholomew County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  9. ^ https://archive.org/details/jstor-41179677
  10. ^ http://www.yellowtrailmuseum.com/
  11. ^ http://www.hopewalkingtour.com/rural-letter-carriers-museum.html
  12. ^ http://bartholomewhistory.org/event/haw-creek-heritage-center-open-house/
  13. ^ http://www.heritageofhope.com/, http://www.hopecivilwardays.com/
  14. ^ Indiana News Media, dba: The Hope Star-Journal
  15. ^ Columbus Area Visitors Center
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]