Hopedale, Newfoundland and Labrador

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Hopedale
Agvituk
Town
Hopedale
Hopedale
Nickname(s): Place of the Whales
Coordinates: 55°29′2.54″N 60°12′11.48″W / 55.4840389°N 60.2031889°W / 55.4840389; -60.2031889
Country  Canada
Province  Newfoundland and Labrador
Region Flag of Nunatsiavut.svg Nunatsiavut
Settled 1782
Incorporated May 12, 1969
Government
 • Type Inuit Community Government
 • Mayor (AngajukKâk) James Tuttauk [1]
 • Deputy Mayor Beverly Hunter
 • Federal MP Yvonne Jones (Lib)
 • Provincial MHA Randy Edmunds (Liberal)
Area
 • Land 3.35 km2 (1.29 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 530
 • Density 157.9/km2 (409/sq mi)
Time zone Atlantic Time (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) Atlantic Daylight (UTC-3)
Area code(s) 709

Hopedale (Inuit: Agvituk)[2] is a town located in the North of Labrador, the mainland portion of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Hopedale is the legislative capital of the Inuit Land Claims Area Nunatsiavut, and where the Nunatsiavut Assembly meets. As of 2006 it has a population of 530.

History[edit]

Judy Dicker, Former Mayor of Hopedale (2006-2010)

Hopedale was founded as an Inuit settlement named Agvituk, Inuktitut for "place of the whales". In 1782, Moravian missionaries from Germany arrived in the area to convert the population. They renamed the settlement Hopedale (Hoffental in German) shortly afterward. The Hopedale Mission is still standing and is thought to be the oldest wooden-frame building in Canada standing east of Quebec. As such, it was named a National Historic Site of Canada.[3] It is currently run by the Agvituk Historical Society as a part of a museum on the history of missionaries in the area.

From 1953 to 1968 a joint RCAF-USAF's Hopedale Air Station was located on the hills above Hopedale. Civilian personnel lived in the main part of town. Since 1968 the area has remained abandoned other than maintenance of non-military communications towers nearby.

Demographics[edit]

The majority of people in Hopedale (79%) speak English as a first language, but a significant minority (21%) speak Inuktitut.

About 93% of the population identify themselves as Inuit, 5% are of mainly European descent, and 2% are of Punjabi origin. Many of the Inuit in the town are actually mixed Inuit and White.

About 86% of the population belongs to a Protestant denomination, about 2% are Roman Catholic, and another 2% are Sikh. About 10% are not affiliated with any religion.

Churches in Hopedale include:

  • Hopedale Pentecostal Assembly
  • Hopedale Moravian Church

Transportation[edit]

Local land based transportation in the community is made by private vehicles (cars, trucks, ATV) and snowmobile in winter. There are only few of roads and are macadamized:

  • Airstrip Road - access to Hopedale Airport
  • American Road - former access road to USAF radar stations and barracks
  • Carpenter Road and Drive - serves new residential area
  • Government Road - former route home to non-military personnel for former USAF radar station
  • Nanuk Road
  • Water Road - road to main part of Hopedale

There are no roads that connect Hopedale with the rest of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Hopedale Airport is a small public airport connects the area with small communities in Newfoundland and Labrador and connections beyond made via Goose Bay Airport. The airport was built in the mid 1960s to provide air support to former USAF Hopedale Air Station. Since 1968 the airport is used by civilians.

The airport handles only small turboprop aircraft or helicopters. There is only one service building at the airport. The airport is connect to Hopedale via Airstrip Road.

M/V Northern Ranger is a ferry that connects Hopedale with 5 communities within Nunatsiavut, as well as Goose Bay from June to November.[4] Small boats are used to access nearby areas by water.

Services[edit]

Policing in Hopedale is provided by the RCMP which has a small Hopedale Detachment staffed by 4 officers. The current detachment was completed in 1994.[5]

There are no hospitals located in Hopedale and only basic medical services provided by Hopedale Community Clinic. The clinic is operated by Labrador-Grenfell Health Authority and is staffed by two nurses with a doctor visits town every six weeks and dentist arriving in town periodically.[6] Advance care requires patients to be flown out of town by air ambulance to the nearest hospital in Happy Valley-Goose Bay.

Hopedale Volunteer Fire Department is a small fire and rescue service with a single pumper store at the fire hall located next to the RCMP detachment near Water Road.

Canada Post has a post office (19 Harbour Drive B) located in town.

Amos Comenius Memorial School at Nanuk Hill is the only school in Hopedale with grades Kindergarten to Grade 12.[7]

DJ's Convenience, Big Land Grocery, Northland Enterprises (with Sylvia's Take Out) are the only stores selling food and other convenience goods in town.[8]

Government[edit]

AngajukKâk are equivalent of mayor in Hopedale and are elected every four years.[9]

James Tuttauk is the current AngajukKâk, elected in 2014 defeating incumbent Wayne Piercy [10]

Past AngajukKâk:

  • Judy Dicker 2006-2010 [11]
  • Wayne Piercy 2010-2014[12]

Local Attractions[edit]

There are few local attractions:[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 55°28′2.54″N 60°12′11.48″W / 55.4673722°N 60.2031889°W / 55.4673722; -60.2031889

Hopedale, Moravian mission, Labrador, NL, 1881-85