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Gardner Lake

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Gardner Lake State Park
Connecticut State Park
Country  United States
State  Connecticut
County New London
Town Salem
Elevation 387 ft (118 m) [1]
Coordinates 41°30′09″N 72°13′54″W / 41.50250°N 72.23167°W / 41.50250; -72.23167Coordinates: 41°30′09″N 72°13′54″W / 41.50250°N 72.23167°W / 41.50250; -72.23167 [1]
Area 9.75 acres (4 ha)
State Management 2001
Management Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection
Location in Connecticut
Website: Gardner Lake State Park

Gardner Lake is a small lake which borders the towns of Salem, Montville and Bozrah in Connecticut. Named after the Gardner family which owned a large portion of the surrounding land, the 528-acre (214 ha) lake has been expanded in size with the construction of an earthen dam. Three state parks are located around Gardner Lake. Minnie Island State Park, the smallest state park, is a pine knoll. Hopemead State Park is a former campground that abuts the lake's eastern shore. Gardner Lake State Park primarily serves as a boat launch and swimming area, but has been beset by problems with trash and vandalism since the area was improved in 2008. Four campgrounds, a marina and dozens of private residences surround the lake. The lake is used for fishing and boating.

History[edit]

Gardner Lake is a natural lake and is named for the Gardner family which owned a large portion of the surrounding area, but the history of the lake itself is more identified as the site of "an extremely public miscalculation".[2] Thomas LeCount, a grocer from Niantic, Connecticut wanted to move his two-story summer house from the south side of the lake to the east side of the lake, but believed that moving the house conventionally would be inefficient. LeCount raised up his fully furnished house and placed it on sleds and waited until February 1895 when the lake was frozen. After moving the house about 300 feet (91 m) off the south shore, the house slid sideways into a snowbank. The ice cracked as LeCount attempted to pull the house back, before abandoning the work at nightfall. That night, the mill operators utilized some of the lake's water for power and made a gap between the ice and surface of the water, causing the house to crack through the ice and pitch over. LeCount's summer home remained in this position until the spring thaw where it came to rest in 15 feet (4.6 m) of water with the second story and attic positioned above the water like a small lighthouse.[2] For years, the house was the subject of children who fished off it in summer and ice skated through the house in the winter, but an enduring tale told by fisherman is that the house's piano could be heard playing on quiet nights.[2] By 2005, the house was mostly rotted away.[3]

Though Gardner Lake is a 528-acre (214 ha) natural lake that has been increased in size by the construction of a 168 feet (51 m) earthen dam. The dam raises the water level up 4 feet (1.2 m) to an average depth of 14 feet (4.3 m).[4] The area surrounding Gardner Lake has dozens of private homes, four campgrounds and a marina.[5]

Gardner Lake State Park[edit]

Gardner Lake State Park is a small 9.75-acre (3.95 ha) Connecticut state park located on the south portion of the lake and provides access for fishing, swimming, and boating on the lake.[4] Added to the state park list in 2001, it expected to be open around 2002 and serves as one of the few public inland swimming areas in the New London County area.[5][6]

In 2001, the State of Connecticut paid $550,000 to acquire the parcel of land which became Lake Gardner State Park. The land was acquired from the estate of Carmine Belardo and returned a beach to public service that had been a private resort for 60 years. The Town of Salem had sought to acquire the land, but the citizens rejected the plan three times and a state funded grant was rejected in 1994 after the DEP announced the interest in acquiring the property for the state.[7] In 2008, the state spent about $1 million to pave the boat launch area and improve parking for 54 vehicles.[4][5] In 2012, the State of Connecticut was looking to institute parking fees for the park after it experienced several years of increased attendance and incidents in the park limits. Concerns included littering, unkempt toilets, swimmers going outside the designated zone and police arresting almost three times as many visitors from 2011. In response to the issues, patrols were increased and additional signage was added to inform swimmers.[5] The problems with trash problems and portable toilets ending up in the lake caused concerns for a local advocacy group, Friends of Gardner Lake, and the Gardner Lake Authority which has staff to attend the lake during peak hours.[8]

Gardner Lake State Park is located off Connecticut Route 354 and features accessible parking, chemical toilets and a paved boat launch area.[4] This state park designated area is primarily to provide boating and recreational access to the lake, though there is also a small beach for visitors to use.[4][9] As of 2014, the park does not have a parking fee.[4]

Minnie Island State Park[edit]

Minnie Island State Park is a pine grown-knoll that is located in the deepest portion of the lake.[10][11] It is unmarked and undeveloped island that also is Connecticut's smallest state park at 0.88 acres.[2][12] The island acquired its name when a local man declared it to be Minnie Island, because he took his wife, Minnie, to it for picnics. Joseph Leary, author of A Shared Landscape writes, "[a]s far back as anyone can remember, the island was a frequent landing place for boating parties and a great place for local children to explore."[2] The island was claimed by both the towns of Salem, Connecticut and Montville, Connecticut though it was not in the land records of either town. This went unnoticed until a man attempted to purchase the island, and then made attempted to establish claim to the island. The man introduced a bill to authorize the sale by the state to establish title to the island, but instead the Connecticut General Assembly drafted and passed a bill to turn the island into a park.[2]

Minnie Island State Park offers opportunities for picnicking and fishing to visitors who reach it by boat. Though the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection lists boating as an activity, which is redundant because the island is accessible by boat.[11] The Oh Ranger website advises visitors of the tiny island to use a kayak to access the island because the island is heavily wooded and it is difficult to find a spot to dock.[13]

Hopemead State Park[edit]

Hopemead State Park is currently undeveloped 70 acre park on the eastern shore of the lake.[14][15] The land was originally Solomon Gardner's farm until it was purchased as a summer getaway by the Fuller family.[2] The property was named Camp Charmarlou, an acronym from Fuller's three daughters, and contained a house and an artist's studio. Camp Charmarlou was used a boys camp for a number of years with permission by the Fuller family. It was later renamed Hopemead, literally "Hope Meadow", by the Fuller daughters who believed it to be a sanctuary with spiritual overtones. In 1954, the land was donated to the State of Connecticut to become a state park. The state found the land is unsuitable for development and demolished the dilapidated buildings, with the intention of letting Hopemead return to a natural state. Joseph Leary notes that the wildlife has thrived in the area, but notes that the cacophony of noises and calls is simply "divine".[2] The park offers opportunities for hiking and fishing.[15]

Activities[edit]

The Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection, now the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection has been stocking the lake with walleye since 1993.[11] The walleye populations have been reported to be growing and they join the lake's "excellent populations of bull head and catfish".[11] Smallmouth bass, largemouth bass, yellow perch are also found in the pond, but have been reported as "fair" reports and also good reports for trout.[16][17] Local fishing tournaments also occur at Gardner Lake.[12] As a result of the improvements to the boat launch area, boating and kayaking have increased greatly and police had to up the patrols at the lake. The area is patrolled by the Montville police and it costs the majority of annual budget, but the service was seen as beneficial to ensure the safety of boaters and enforcing the rules.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Gardner Lake Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Leary, Joseph (2004). A Shared Landscape: A Guide & History of Connecticut's State Parks & Forests. Friends of the Connecticut State Parks, Inc. pp. 111–113. ISBN 0974662909. 
  3. ^ Hine, Tommy (June 21, 2005). "Residence In The Lake". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Gardner Lake State Park". State Parks and Forests. Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d Johnson, Jeffrey (August 12, 2012). "Crackdown planned at Gardner Lake". The Day. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  6. ^ Economic Report of the Governor (2002-2003). State of Connecticut. 2002. p. 158. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  7. ^ Choiniere, Paul (December 6, 2001). "State Finalizes Purchase Of Gardner Lake Beach". The Day. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  8. ^ Catalfamo, Kelly (August 19, 2013). "Gardner Lake Authority beset by trash problem". The Day. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  9. ^ Lehman, Eric (2012). Insiders' Guide to Connecticut. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 315. 
  10. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1938). Connecticut; a Guide to Its Roads, Lore, and People,. p. 455. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Minnie Island State Park". State Parks and Forests. Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. Retrieved 2013-02-05. 
  12. ^ a b c Bard, Megan (July 19, 2010). "Patrolling ever-busier Gardner Lake in Salem". The Day. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "Minnie Island State Park". Oh Ranger. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  14. ^ Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee (January 23, 2014). "State Parks and Forests: Funding". Staff Findings and Recommendations. Connecticut General Assembly. p. A-2. Retrieved March 20, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "Hopemead State Park". State Parks and Forests. Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. Retrieved February 5, 2013. 
  16. ^ Blais, Michael (September 12, 2008). "Inland Report Largemouth Bass fishing is variable, [Derived Headline]". New Haven Register (New Haven, CT)  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  17. ^ "Freshwater Fishing Spots In Rhode Island And Connecticut". The Boston Globe (Boston, MA)  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). May 6, 2005. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 

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