Hopen, Svalbard

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For the former municipality, see Hopen, Møre og Romsdal.
Hopen
Hopen map.svg
Hopen in the southeast.
Geography
Location Arctic Ocean
Coordinates 76°33′N 25°7′E / 76.550°N 25.117°E / 76.550; 25.117Coordinates: 76°33′N 25°7′E / 76.550°N 25.117°E / 76.550; 25.117
Archipelago Svalbard
Area 47 km2 (18 sq mi)
Length 33 km (20.5 mi)
Width 2 km (1.2 mi)
Highest elevation 370 m (1,210 ft)
Highest point Iversenfjellet
Country
Norway
Demographics
Population 4

Hopen is an island in the southeastern part of the Svalbard archipelago (Norway). Hopen was discovered in 1613, probably by Thomas Marmaduke of Hull, who named it after his former command, the Hopewell.

The Norwegian Meteorological Institute operates a manned weather station on the island with a staff of four persons. For the welfare of the crew, there are three cabins available on the island for their use.

During World War II, the Luftwaffe placed a meteorological team there under cover of Operation Sizilien.

Environment[edit]

A significant number of polar bears are found at Hopen in the winter;[1] moreover, the sub-population of Ursus maritimus found here is a genetically distinct taxon of polar bears associated with the Barents Sea region.[2]

Important Bird Area[edit]

The island has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International. It supports breeding populations of Black-legged Kittiwakes (40,000 pairs), Thick-billed Guillemots (150,000 individuals) and Black Guillemots (1000 pairs).[3]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oysten Wiig and Kjell Isaksen
  2. ^ C. Michael Hogan, 2008
  3. ^ "Hopen Island". Important Bird Areas factsheet. BirdLife International. 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-22. 

External links[edit]