Hopetown

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For other uses, see Hopetown (disambiguation).
Hopetown
Hopetown is located in South Africa
Hopetown
Hopetown
 Hopetown shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 29°37′33″S 24°05′08″E / 29.62583°S 24.08556°E / -29.62583; 24.08556Coordinates: 29°37′33″S 24°05′08″E / 29.62583°S 24.08556°E / -29.62583; 24.08556
Country South Africa
Province Northern Cape
District Pixley ka Seme
Municipality Thembelihle
Established 1853
Area[1]
 • Total 73.86 km2 (28.52 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 10,259
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 18.8%
 • Coloured 73.1%
 • Indian/Asian 0.7%
 • White 6.9%
 • Other 0.5%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 88.1%
 • Xhosa 7.2%
 • Tswana 1.5%
 • English 1.3%
 • Other 2.0%
Postal code (street) 8750
PO box 8750
Area code 053

Hopetown is a town which lies at the edge of the Great Karoo in South Africa's Northern Cape province. It is situated on an arid slope leading down to the Orange River. The first diamond discovered in South Africa, the Eureka Diamond, was found at Hopetown.

History[edit]

The Eureka Diamond found at Hopetown

Hopetown was founded in 1850 when Sir Harry Smith extended the northern frontier of the Cape Colony to the Orange River. A handful of settlers claimed ground where there was a natural ford over the Orange River, and by 1854 a frontier town had developed. Hopetown was named after William Hope, Auditor-General and Secretary of the Cape Colony Government at the time, and is often mistaken for a town in the Freestate, South Africa, called Hoopstad. Hoopstad is a different town and should not be confused with Hopetown in the Northern Cape, South Africa.

Hopetown was a quiet farming area until several large diamonds, most notable the Eureka Diamond and the Star of South Africa, were discovered there between 1867 and 1869.[2][3] The Cape Government Railways were founded in 1872, and the Cape government decided to run the main western line, between the Kimberley diamond fields and Cape Town on the coast, directly through Hopetown. The ford was upgraded to a railway bridge in 1884. [4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Hopetown". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ Williams, Gardner Fred (1904). The diamond mines of South Africa. New York, B. F. Buck & company. p. 115. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  3. ^ Roberts, Brian (1976). Kimberley: turbulent city. New Africa Books. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-949968-62-3. 
  4. ^ Burman, Jose (1984). Early Railways at the Cape. Cape Town. Human & Rousseau, p.92. ISBN 0-7981-1760-5