Hopewell Friends Meeting House (Frederick County, Virginia)
Hopewell Friends Meeting House
Hopewell Friends Meeting House, September 2011
|Area||8 acres (3.2 ha)|
|Architectural style||No Style Listed|
|NRHP Reference #||80004190 |
|Added to NRHP||March 28, 1980|
|Designated VLR||November 15, 1977|
Hopewell Friends Meeting House is an 18th-century Quaker meeting house located the northern Frederick County, Virginia one mile west of the community of Clear Brook at 604 Hopewell Road (formerly State Route 672). Clear Brook, VA 22624. This community was the home of Thomas William "Tom" Fox (1951–2006), a Quaker peace activist, affiliated with Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT) murdered in 2006 in Iraq.
Hopewell Friends Meeting was named "Opeckan", after nearby Opequon Creek, when it was set off from the Concord (Pennsylvania) Quarterly Meeting in 1734. It is the oldest Quaker meeting in Virginia's Shenandoah Valley. The original group of settlers came from the Monocacy valley in Frederick County, Maryland. Initially, this meeting was a member of the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. At that time, the settlement included about seventy families. Initially, a log meeting house was built on lands originally granted Lt. Gov. William Gooch of Virginia to two Irishmen, a Quaker named Alexander Ross (in 1730) and Morgan Bryan (a 1732 grant to this Presbyterian). Prominent London Quaker John Fothergill (1712-1780) visited this meeting in 1736. In 1757, the 1734 meeting house burned. in addition to its place of worship, the congregation also lost all its early records in a house fire.
Current Meeting House Built
Thomas McClun acted as builder for the original 33 feet x 44 feet coursed rubble limestone structure. Located at “the gate of the Shenandoah Valley”, this meeting prospered and increased. From 1789 until 1794, the western 30 x 30 addition nearly doubled the size of Hopewell Meeting House. The National Register Nomination Form described the interior thus:
The interior of the meeting house consists of a large open space with a tiered gallery on the south and west walls. The balcony retains early benches with scrolled ends. Enclosed stairs, side by side, ascend from the center of the south wall. Large posts, some squared, some turned, support the gallery at various points. The main floor has early benches with open backs and some later, standard church-type benches. A platform with additional benches is against the north wall facing the congregation area. As might be expected the effect of the interior is exceedingly plain; the walls and ceiling are plastered and the openings are devoid of ornamental trim.
The Great Separation and After
Following the Great Separation of 1827, local Hicksite Quakers use one half of the meeting house and their Orthodox brethren the other. Both were buried in the nearby meeting house cemetery. In 1870, W. D. Lee built a limestone wall around the cemetery. Both sides contributed to repairing the structure in 1910 and this led to a healing of the schism. It is thought that the current roof lines date from this renovation.
In 1934, Hopewell celebrated it bicentennial and in 1936 Hopewell Friends History, 1734-1934, Frederick County, Virginia: Records of Hopewell Monthly Meetings and Meetings Reporting to Hopewell; Two Hundred Years of History and Genealogy compiled from official records and published by a Joint Committee of Hopewell Friends, assisted by John W. Wayland was published. (It was reprinted in 1975 by Baltimore's Genealogical Publishing Comoany.) Hopewell Meeting House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on May 3, 1980. In 1999, Hopewell and Winchester's Centre meeting united to form the Hopewell Centre Monthly Meeting. It is a member of the Baltimore Yearly Meeting. In 2011, the Hopewell Centre Monthly Meeting reported 71 full members, 16 associate members, and 17 attenders for a total of 104 members, a decrease of five from the previous year's report.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- Hopewell Meeting History, Hopewell Centre Monthly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends "Quakers" website.
- Fathers of the First Quaker Colony in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia.
- National Register Nomination Form, p. 3.
- Hopewell Meeting History.
- Harold Wickliffe Rose. The Colonial House of Worship in America. New York: Hastings House, Publishers, 1963, p. 518.
- Data Sheets, Hopewell Friends Meeting House Historic American Buildings Survey.
- Rose, p. 518.
- National Register Nomination Form, p. 2.
- The Federal Register, issue of Tuesday, February, 3, 1981 (Vol. 44, No. 22) “Part II Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places; Annual Listing of Historic Properties”, p. 10,666, col. 1.
- 2012 Baltimore Yearly Meeting Community Statistics.
- Hopewell Centre Monthly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends "Quakers" website.
- Hopewell Friends Meeting House Historic American Buildings Survey containing eight sheets (including measured drawings) and two data pages.
- Hopewell Meeting House National Register of Historic Places Final Nomination Form (6 pdfs).
- Hopewell Friends Burial Ground Find a Grave listing (190 graves).
- Fathers of the First Quaker Colony in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia