Horatio King

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This article is about the United States Postmaster General. For his son, see Horatio Collins King.
Horatio King
Horatio King 03856a restored.jpg
19th United States Postmaster General
In office
February 12, 1861 – March 7, 1861
President James Buchanan
Preceded by Joseph Holt
Succeeded by Montgomery Blair
Personal details
Born (1811-06-21)June 21, 1811
Paris, Maine, US
Died May 20, 1897(1897-05-20) (aged 85)
Washington, D.C., US
Political party Democratic
Children Horatio Collins King
Profession Lawyer, Politician
Tomb of Horatio King

Horatio King (June 21, 1811 – May 20, 1897) was Postmaster General of the United States under James Buchanan.

Early life[edit]

Born in Paris, Maine, he received a common school education, and at the age of 18 entered the office of the Paris Jeffersonian, where he learned printing, afterward becoming owner and editor of the paper. In 1833 he moved it to Portland, where he published it until 1838.

Postal career[edit]

In 1839 he went to Washington, D.C., having been appointed clerk in the post office department, and was gradually promoted. In 1854 he was appointed first Assistant Postmaster General, and in January, 1861, while acting as Postmaster General, he was questioned by a member of Congress from South Carolina with regard to the franking privilege. In his reply, King was the first officially to deny the power of a state to separate from the Union. He was then appointed Postmaster General, serving from February 12 until March 7, 1861.

Later life[edit]

On retiring from office, he remained in Washington, D.C. during the Civil War, serving on a board of commissioners to carry into execution the emancipation law in the District of Columbia. His efforts led to a considerable number of former slaves settling in the District.

After his retirement from office, King practiced in Washington as an attorney before the executive department and international commissions. He was active in procuring the passage of three acts in 1874, 1879, and 1885 respectively, requiring the use of the official "penalty envelope," which has secured a large saving to the government. He also took an active part in the work of completing the Washington Monument, serving as secretary of the Monument Society from 1881. King was a frequent contributor to the press, and published An Oration before the Union Literary Society of Washington (Washington, D.C., 1841), and Sketches of Travel; or, Twelve Months in Europe (1878).

Prior to his death, King had been the last surviving member of the Buchanan Cabinet. King was buried in Washington's Congressional Cemetery.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph Holt
United States Postmaster General
Served under: James Buchanan

1861
Succeeded by
Montgomery Blair