Horatio Pettus Mackintosh Berney-Ficklin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Horatio Berney-Ficklin
Born 13 June 1892
Died 1961
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1914 - 1948
Rank Major-General
Commands held 2nd Bn Highland Light Infantry
15th Brigade
5th Division
48th (South Midland) Division
55th (West Lancashire) Division
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Companion of the Order of the Bath
Military Cross

Major-General Horatio Pettus Mackintosh Berney-Ficklin CB MC (13 June 1892–1961) was a British Army officer who served in World War I and World War II.

Military career[edit]

Educated at Rugby School and Jesus College, Cambridge, Berney-Ficklin was commissioned into the Norfolk Regiment in 1914.[1] He served in World War I in France and was awarded the Military Cross in June 1916.[1]

He became Commanding Officer of 2nd Battalion Highland Light Infantry in Palestine in 1936.[2] He served in World War II as Commander of 15th Brigade in France as part of the British Expeditionary Force.[2]

From 1940, he commanded the 5th Division.[2] As part of Tenth Army, his division was stationed in Persia in 1942. At that time, the Tenth Army was part Paiforce (formerly Iraqforce) under the Persia and Iraq Command. Two brigades of the 5th Division went to Madagascar to take part in Operation Ironclad (the Battle of Madagascar). Both brigades were pulled out of Madagascar during the late summer of 1942 for re-fitting in India.

After India, Berney-Ficklin went with the 5th Division when it was transferred to the Eighth Army. Under the Eighth Army, the division took part in operations during the invasion of Sicily[2] and the invasion of southern Italy. Berney-Ficklin became General Officer Commanding 48th (South Midland) Division in 1943 and General Officer Commanding 55th (West Lancashire) Division in 1944.[2]

After the War he presided over a British Military Tribunal convened at Lüneburg from 17 September to 17 November 1945 to try suspected war criminals from Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.[3] He retired in 1948.[2]

References[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Harold Franklyn
General Officer Commanding the 5th Division
1940–1943
Succeeded by
Gerard Bucknall