Horia-Roman Patapievici

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Horia-Roman Patapievici, at Gaudeamus Book Fair 2011

Horia-Roman Patapievici (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈhori.a ˈroman pataˈpjevit͡ʃʲ]; born March 18, 1957) is a Romanian physicist and essayist who served as the head of the Romanian Cultural Institute from 2005 until August 2012.[1] Between 2000 and 2005, he was a member of the National Council for the Study of the Securitate Archives, supporting more openness regarding the files of the Securitate.

Biography[edit]

Denis Patapievici, his father, moved from Cernăuţi (now in Ukraine) to Occupied Poland in 1940, after the Soviet Union occupied and took away Bukovina from the Kingdom of Romania.[2] Horia Roman Patapievici was born in Bucharest and graduated from the University of Bucharest's Faculty of Physics in 1981, where he specialized in the study of lasers. Between 1986 and 1994, he worked as a scientific researcher at the Academy Institute, during which time he also worked as a university assistant at the Polytechnic University of Bucharest between 1990 and 1994.[3]

Patapievici then served as the director of Center for German studies at the University of Bucharest from 1994 until 1996, after which he served until 2000 as the programme director of Group for Social Dialogue (GDS). He is also a member of the Writers' Union of Romania, one of the founders of the Research Group for Essentials in European Modernity, and an honorary member of the Ludwig von Mises Institute.

His debut as an essayist was in 1992, in the Contrapunct journal, and since then he had various contributions in the Revista 22, LA&I, Dilema (now Dilema Veche), Orizont, Vatra, Secolul 20, ID. He wrote editorials in 22 (1993–2003), LA&I (2003–2004), Dilema Veche (2004–2005), ID (since 2005) and Evenimentul Zilei (since 2006).[4]

Patapievici was also a TV producer for two shows for TVR Cultural: "Idei în libertate" (2002) and "Înapoi la argument" (2005).

Since 2004, Patapievici is the director of a cultural journal, Idei în dialog (Ideas in dialogue), published by the Academia Caţavencu Trust.[5]

Patapievici married in 1981 and has one son, born in 1989.

Career in public office[edit]

National Council for the Study of the Securitate Archives[edit]

In December 1999, Patapievici was nominated by the National Peasants' Party to be a member of the National Council for the Study of the Securitate Archives,[6] an institution which has the purpose to study the files of the Securitate, the secret service of the communist-era Romania.

Patapievici was initially rejected by the Parliamentary committee by a vote of eight to six. While Patapievici met the legal criteria for the position, his candidacy was opposed by representative members of the other political parties.[7] Democratic Party Senator Casimir Ionesco, whose post-Revolution actions had been criticized earlier in one of Patapievici's books, took a leading role in opposing Patapievici's candidacy, claiming that his application would bring a defiant and revanchist attitude to the committee.[8]

Following the demand of the National Peasants' Party, the issue of Patapievici's candidacy was reopened in late January 2000,[9] the Parliamentary committee approving his candidacy, despite a dissent of the Greater Romania Party representative, Dumitru Bălăeţ, who accused Patapievici of lack of patriotism based on some of his previous writings in his book "Politics".[10]

The council met some difficuties in obtaining some documents from the SRI archive,[11] and because of this, Patapievici, together with Mircea Dinescu and Andrei Pleşu began boycotting the council in October 2001, while demanding full access in the SRI's archives.[12]

The activity of the council, which investigated the former collaborators of the Securitate, drew criticism from the far-right Greater Romania Party. Daniela Buruiană claimed that Patapievici, Dinescu and Pleşu help foreign secret services which want to discredit the Romanian state institutions,[13] prompting them to announce that they'll sue her.[14]

In September 2002, the council decided to publish a list of the former Securitate officers who were involved in the political police. The Romanian intelligence agency, SRI, initially opposed this,[15] but, following a meeting between the council and SRI, they reached an agreement. Nevertheless, Patapievici argued that the council is blocked because of political reasons.[16]

The following month, Patapievici, together with Pleşu and Dinescu attempted to change the head of the council, Gheorghe Onişoru, who, they argued, sided with the SRI in attempting to open up more of Securitate's files, but they failed in gathering the six needed votes among the eleven council members.[17][18]

The activity of the council continued slowly, publishing the first list of 33 officers of Securitate in October 2003.[19] There were a few attempts of ousting the Patapievici, Pleşu and Dinescu trio, especially from the Social-Democrats and Greater Romania Party,[20] but eventually they gave in to public pressure and canceled them.

Before the 2004 Romanian presidential election, the council decided that Corneliu Vadim Tudor was not a Securitate informer, with a minority dissenting view (Patapievici, Pleşu, Dinescu and Secasiu). Pleşu and Dinescu resigned in protest and Patapievici announced he'd do the same thing after the elections.[21]

Romanian Cultural Institute[edit]

In January 2005, Traian Băsescu, the newly elected President of Romania, named Patapievici as the new head of the Romanian Cultural Institute (ICR), replacing a 15-year rule of Augustin Buzura.[22] While by statute this position is appointed directly by the Romanian president, who is honorary president of the ICR, some political opponents criticized the method of appointment, arguing that the process is conducted without competition or a debate.[23]

Patapievici began a reform inside the Institute with a new vision under which the Institute would focus on facilitating cultural exchanges and cultural mediation rather than producing culture.[24] As part of his reform efforts, the Institute decided to suspend seven of nine magazines previously published under Patapievici's predecessor on the grounds that the taxpayer-funded magazines were financially unsustainable in the face of increasing monthly losses, declining circulation and rising publication costs.[25]

In June 2012 the newly elected government under Prime Minister Victor Ponta, member of the Social Democratic Party (PSD) and its leader since 2010, moved to transfer control of the ICR and its resources from the Office of the Romanian President to that of the Romanian Senate.[1][26]

On August 1, 2012, Patapievici, the two ICR vice presidents, and the ICR managing team resigned to protest the transfer of power, the announced budget cuts, and what they considered the politicization of Romanian culture.[27]

Political views and criticisms[edit]

Patapievici is a supporter of libertarian economic policies, arguing that it's "the most efficient cure against the laziness of thought".[28] In 2006, during a debate over the display of Orthodox Christian icons in classrooms, he defended such display, labeling the people who opposed it as "human rights fanatics".[29]

Patapievici has also occasionally come under criticism from political detractors and from opponents of President Băsescu, with whom he has long had a good relationship. An example of this was in 2007 when Patapievici defended Băsescu when the parliament had began an impeachment procedure against the President.[30] Patavievici blamed the disagreements between the presidents and prime-ministers on the Romanian Constitution.[31] Critics of Băsescu labeled Patapievici and two other supporters at the time, Gabriel Liiceanu, and Vladimir Tismăneanu, as "Băsescu's intellectuals", a label that the three dismissed.[32]

Patapievici was again criticized by some when he publicly defended an alleged action by Băsescu during the 2009 Romanian presidential campaign. On the day of the election, Catalan newspaper La Vanguardia published an interview in which Patapievici was asked about a video recording that had been repeatedly broadcast in Romanian media and which allegedly depicted Băsescu hitting a 10-year old boy. Patapievici said that he thought Băsescu only pushed the child, and that Băsescu's error was that he did not deny it immediately. Patapievici then compared the incident with the Lewinsky scandal, and, to illustrate his view that Băsescu was a good man, added that he had heard that the president Traian Băsescu had refused to use a tape offered to his campaign that reputedly depicted political opponent Mircea Geoană receiving sexual favors.[33]

While the Spanish interviewer later clarified that Patapievici did not make any actual claim about the existence of the reputed tape or its authenticity,[34] the Spanish language depiction of the Patapievici interview was covered in the Romanian press and met with a strong reaction from Mircea Geoană, who called it a "sinister lie".[35]

Both Traian Băsescu's spokesman, Sever Voinescu, and Valeriu Turcan, the spokesman of the Romanian presidency, denied that either Băsescu or the campaign team was ever aware of any such video[36][37] Patapievici himself denied ever making the accusation and claimed that his words were intentionally mischaracterized and taken out of context by his accusers, clarifying in a statement that he "only mentioned the tape to emphasize the difference in attitude between Băsescu and his opponents." To support his denial, he cited an e-mail sent in English by the Spanish interviewer, Félix Flores: "Mr. Patapievici did not mentioned [sic] the existence of any tape about Mr. Geoana: he just said that Mr. Basescu was offered such a thing and he rejected it. He was not talking about videos -true or fake or may not exist- or against anybody but about Mr. Basescu's moral attitude."[34]

Works[edit]

  • Cerul vazut prin lentilă (The Sky seen through the Lens), 1995
  • Zbor în bătaia săgeţii (Flight within Arrow's Reach), 1995
  • Politice (Politics), 1996
  • Omul recent (The Recent Man), 2001
  • Schimbarea subiectului - o reverie (The change of subject - a reverie), audiobook, 2004
  • Spărtura din cer (The breach in the sky), audiobook, 2003
  • Ochii Beatricei (Beatrice's Eyes), 2004
  • Discernământul modernizarii (Discernment of Modernization), 2004
  • David Bohm, Plenitudinea lumii si ordinea ei (The Wholeness of the World and the Implicate Order), translation, in collaboration, 1995.

Awards[edit]

  • Essay Prize of the Publishing House Nemira, 1993
  • Début Prize of the Association of Professional Writers, 1995
  • Prize for Journalism of the Cultural Magazine "Cuvintul", 1995
  • Man of the Year Prize of the Cultural Magazine "Cuvintul", 1995
  • "Alexandra Indries" Prize of "Societatea Timisoara", 1995
  • National Board for Audio-Visual Prize, best cultural TV Production, 2003
  • APTR Prize (Romanian Association of the Professionals in Television).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.antena3.ro/en/life-show/horia-roman-patapievici-resigned-as-president-of-rci-178552.html
  2. ^ "SENATUL EVZ: P.P. Carp si Uniunea Europeana", Evenimentul Zilei, January 11, 2007
  3. ^ "Ce meserii au scriitorii", Cotidianul, January 29, 2006
  4. ^ "Noi nume de marca in echipa EVZ", Evenimentul Zilei, September 18, 2006
  5. ^ "A fost lansata revista condusa de H.R. Patapievici", Evenimentul Zilei, October 3, 2004
  6. ^ "Horia Roman Patapievici, pus de taranisti sa dea piept cu Securitatea", Evenimentul Zilei, December 23, 1999
  7. ^ "Colegiul Consiliului pentru Studierea Arhivelor Securitatii este desemnat dupa bunul plac al parlamentarilor", Evenimentul Zilei, December 30, 1999
  8. ^ "PNTCD merge tot pe mina lui Patapievici", Evenimentul Zilei, January 4, 2000
  9. ^ "Taranistii au impus rediscutarea candidaturii lui Horia Roman Patapievici", Evenimentul Zilei, January 26, 2000
  10. ^ "PNTCD a reusit, Patapievici intra in arhiva Securitatii", Evenimentul Zilei, January 28, 2000
  11. ^ "Dosarul 'Presa', blocat de SRI" Evenimentul Zilei, September 27, 2001
  12. ^ "Dinescu, Plesu si Patapievici boicoteaza CNSAS", Evenimentul Zilei, October 22, 2001
  13. ^ "Dupa ce a promis ca numele securistilor care au facut politie politica vor fi date in vileag, Mircea Dinescu a pus pe jar Comisia SRI", Evenimentul Zilei, June 19, 2002
  14. ^ "Politics", Evenimentul Zilei, July 7, 2002
  15. ^ "Intilnire de gradul zero CNSAS-SRI", Evenimentul Zilei, September 16, 2002
  16. ^ "Timofte ar vrea, Onisoru n-are unde", Evenimentul Zilei, September 17, 2002
  17. ^ "Incercare esuata de schimbare a conducerii CNSAS", Evenimentul Zilei, October 31, 2002
  18. ^ "Fostul director CURS, turnator la Securitate", Evenimentul Zilei, October 23, 2002
  19. ^ "Lista celor 33", Evenimentul Zilei, October 17, 2003
  20. ^ "A inceput batalia pentru CNSAS", Evenimentul Zilei, January 22, 2004
  21. ^ "Dinescu si Plesu au demisionat", Evenimentul Zilei, October 8, 2004
  22. ^ "Horia-Roman Patapievici, la Institutul Cultural Roman", Evenimentul Zilei, January 18, 2005
  23. ^ "Pe semne: Cultura in jurul osului", Evenimentul Zilei, February 6, 2005
  24. ^ "Razboi cultural: Buzura - Patapievici", Evenimentul Zilei, April 14, 2005
  25. ^ "Redactia "Cultura" protesteaza fata de desfiintarea revistei", Evenimentul Zilei, March 24, 2005
  26. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/leave-cultural-body-alone-artists-tell-romanias-senate-164932796.html
  27. ^ http://www.romania-insider.com/romanias-cultural-community-demands-freedom-for-countrys-cultural-institute/62704/
  28. ^ "SENATUL EVZ: Libertarienii", Evenimentul Zilei, October 19, 2006
  29. ^ "SENATUL EVZ: Despre noul fanatism", Evenimentul Zilei, November 23, 2006
  30. ^ "Intelectualii il apara pe Basescu", February 7, 2007
  31. ^ "SENATUL EVZ: Criza de sistem", Evenimentul Zilei, February 8, 2007
  32. ^ (Romanian) „Intelectualii lui Băsescu” nu mai suportă să fie „vite însemnate”
  33. ^ "Patapievici: "Tenemos oligarcas y ejercen un papel desagradable"", La Vanguardia, December 6, 2009
  34. ^ a b "Patapievici reacţionează"
  35. ^ "Mircea Geoană: "Patapievici umblă cu porcării"", Mediafax, December 10, 2009
  36. ^ Voinescu: "N-am avut niciodată o casetă precum cea menţionată în La Vanguardia", Mediafax, December 10, 2009
  37. ^ Turcan: "Băsescu nu deţine o casetă porno cu Geoană" ImpactNews, December 10, 2009

External links[edit]