Horizon (railcar)

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Horizon
Train Boarding (4632246791).jpg
Amtrak Horizon car #54571 on a Lincoln Service in Springfield, Illinois in 2009.
20131130 03 Amtrak (14561152312).jpg
The interior of a coach on the Carl Sandburg in 2013.
In service 1989–present
Manufacturer Bombardier Transportation
Family name Comet (railcar)
Constructed 1988-1989
Number built

104:

  • 86 coaches
  • 18 food-service
Capacity 68 seats
Operator Amtrak
Depot(s) Chicago, Los Angeles, Oakland
Line(s) served Blue Water, Carl Sandburg, Hiawatha, Hoosier State, Illini, Illinois Zephyr, Lincoln Service, Missouri River Runner, Pacific Surfliner, San Joaquin, Saluki, Wolverine
Specifications
Car length 85 ft 3 in (25.98 m)
Width 10 ft 6.125 in (3.20 m)
Height 12 ft 8.25 in (3.87 m)
Doors 2 manually operated dutch doors per side
Maximum speed 125 mph (201 km/h)
Power supply 480v AC 60Hz Head end power
Bogies GSI 70
Braking system(s) Air
Coupling system AAR
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)

The Horizon is a single-level model of rail car used by Amtrak, primarily on short-haul corridor routes in the Midwestern United States. Bombardier Transportation built 104 of the cars in 1988–1989 based on the Comet II commuter coach design.[1][2]

History[edit]

Bombardier Transportation manufactured 104 Horizon-type cars for Amtrak: 86 coaches and 18 food service cars, in Cafe/Club (half table seating, half business class seating) and Dinette (all table seating) configurations.[3]:132–133 The first Horizon cars entered service in April, 1989.[4] In 1994 Amtrak considered ordering a further 23 cars to replace the gas-turbine Turboliner trainsets on the Empire Corridor but continuing budget woes prevented this.[5]:40–7

Design[edit]

One of the main differences between the Horizon and Comet car types is that the Horizon cars have outboard bearing railroad trucks, while the Comet cars have inboard bearing trucks. In contrast to the various Comet configurations, all Horizon cars have manual side doors at each end of the car and automatic end doors.

Horizon cars are similar in use and furnishing to Amtrak's Amfleet cars. The cars' interior layout varies somewhat from the Amfleet cars, because the Horizon has a rectangular cross section, while the Amfleet has a rounded cross section. Both coach and food service car configurations exist.

Usage[edit]

Amtrak's Horizon passenger cars primarily are used on trains based out of Amtrak's Chicago division including the Illinois Service (Carl Sandburg, Illini, Illinois Zephyr, Lincoln Service & Saluki), Michigan Services (Blue Water & Wolverine), Hiawatha Service, Hoosier State and Missouri River Runner. Several Horizon cars are assigned to Amtrak's Los Angeles division for use on the Pacific Surfliner route. The California Department of Transportation has also paid to lease and refurbish 3 Dinettes (all table seating) for use as café cars on the San Joaquin route.[6] These cars are assigned to Amtrak's Oakland division.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Trainweb.org Amtrak roster page
  2. ^ Horizon car numbers
  3. ^ Solomon, Brian (2004). Amtrak. Saint Paul, MN: MBI. ISBN 0760317658. OCLC 56490949. 
  4. ^ Stephenson, Dick (July 1989). "Amtrak/Passenger". Pacific RailNews (308): 13–14. 
  5. ^ U. S. Industrial Outlook, 1994. DIANE Publishing. 1994. 
  6. ^ San Joaquin Joint Powers Authority/Caltrans. "San Joaquin Rolling Stock Presentation" (PDF). pp. 35–42. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 

External links[edit]