Horley shown within Surrey
|OS grid reference|
|District||Reigate and Banstead|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||East Surrey|
Horley is a town in Surrey, England, situated south of the twin towns of Reigate and Redhill, and north of Gatwick Airport and Crawley. With fast links by train to London from Horley railway station, it is a commuter town.
In the past the Weald was a densely forested and marshy area. During Saxon times, the Manor of Horley came under the control of the Benedictine Abbey of St Peter at Chertsey. The Manor passed to Henry VIII on the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539 and changed hands several times during the next sixty years.
To the south-east is the overgrown but well-preserved site of Thunderfield Castle, a twelfth century ring and bailey castle.
In 1602 it became the property of Christ's Hospital in London and the original map of the manor is now held at the Guildhall in the City of London. This shows that Horley consisted of three hamlets around a huge open common. One was around the area occupied by St Bartholomew's Church and the Six Bells public house; another by the River Mole and the third in Horley Row where some of Horley's oldest buildings can still be seen.
The Common was enclosed in 1816, new roads were laid and the intervening land was sold. In 1809 and later in 1816, two turnpikes were introduced to allow the operation of regular coach services from London to Brighton. The railway was laid in 1841 and a station was built in the town. From that position, and from that date, Horley grew at a slow rate until 1950. Since then its population has doubled.
In 1908 the first scout patrol, the pewit patrol, was established. After gaining members this patrol formed 1st Horley scout group which them merged with 2nd Horley in 2006.
The Horley Master Plan, which was approved by Reigate & Banstead Borough Council in February 2005, will see almost 2,600 new homes built. This has caused much controversy as the area as with most of non-metropolitan Surrey, i.e. since its reduction in 1974, is green-belt and any development had to be in pursuant to such a local plan, sustainable, and various requirements protecting character of existing localities.
At one time the airline Dan-Air had its head office in the Newman House in Horley. At times in history, British Caledonian, British United Airways, and Laker Airways had their head offices on the property of Gatwick Airport in Crawley, West Sussex, near Horley. Horley was home to the Matbro works which produced forklift trucks from the 1950s to the 1980s and pioneered telescopic handlers. The bright yellow Teleram 40 and Teleram C machines were very popular with farmers and construction companies. Horley is the present home of Scotia Gas Networks.
Horley has one secondary school (Oakwood School), one primary school (Manorfield), two junior schools (Yattendon and Meath Green Junior), and three infant schools (Langshott, Meath Green Infants and Horley Infants). There is currently no sixth form provision, so most students go to Redhill, Crawley or Reigate (e.g. East Surrey College and Reigate College) to continue their studies.
All the local schools are part of the Horley Learning Partnership, a local educational confederation which enables schools to develop a range of shared services. It also runs the Horley SureStart centre.
Horley is part of the Borough of Reigate and Banstead, but also has a town council. The Town Mayor and Chairman of the Town Council, elected in May 2007 is Councillor Simon Marshall. Horley (along with Charlwood) was to be moved into West Sussex with Gatwick airport in the Local Government Act 1972, but the public opposed the changes and they were kept in Surrey, even though Gatwick went to West Sussex in the Charlwood and Horley Act 1974.
Culture and the arts 
Horley is home to the Archway Theatre. Located under the arches of the Victoria Road railway bridge, the theatre consists of a bar, auditorium, studio theatre and rehearsal rooms. The main auditorium seats 95 and the studio seats 40. The company presents 10 full productions each year as well as a number of studio events and youth productions.
Horley is served by Metrobus bus routes 20, 100, 400, 526 and 527; typically between 5:20am and 10:30pm. They connect Horley with Redhill, Three Bridges, Crawley, East Grinstead, Caterham, Charlwood, Smallfield, Broadfield and Gatwick Airport (Both South and North Terminal).
- Surrey County Council census data
- Peter C. Cox. "Thunderfield & Haroldslea". Horley Local History Society. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- 1st and 2nd Horley scout website
- Horley regeneration Plan
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 25–31 March 1992. 75.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 16 May 1981. 1445. "Head Office: London Gatwick Airport, Horley, Surrey, UK."
- "World Airline Survey ...". Flight International: 564. 1969-04-10. "Head Office: Gatwick Airport, Horley. Surrey."
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 18 May 1972. Supplement 18. "Head Office: Gatwick Airport, Horley, Surrey, England."
- Horley Town Council
- New Town Mayor for Horley
- http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1973/nov/13/charlwood-and-horley-bill Charlwood and Horley bill 1973
- Horley Town FC history
- Sussex rugby news
- "Archway Theatre Horley". Archway Theatre Company. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
- Horley Town Council
- Horley Local History Society
- Horley at the Open Directory Project
- Horley Learning Partnership