|"King of kings of Iran and Aniran"|
|Royal House||House of Sasan|
In 302, Hormizd II ascended the throne, assuming a crown resembling the crown used by the early Sasanian rulers. Hormizd II, unlike his father, persecuted the Manicheans who had lived peacefully during the reign of his father. In 309, while Hormizd was hunting, he was wounded by a Ghassanid army, and was shortly killed by the Sasanian nobles.
After his death, his oldest son Adhur Narseh, who had a cruel disposition, was killed by the grandees after a very short reign; another son, Hormizd, was imprisoned, while the throne was reserved for the child of his concubine, Shapur II. Another version has it that Shapur II was the son of Hormizd II's first wife, and that while still pregnant she was made to wear a crown over her pudenda so that the baby would be born as a king. Hormizd II also had many other sons named Adurfrazgird, Zamasp, Ardashir, and two daughters named Hormizddukht and Asay.
Hormizd II was one of the Sasanian kings with most children, which he had from his Jewish wife Ifra-Hormizd, and several other wife's and concubines:
- Prince Adhur Narseh (3th-century – 309), the ninth king of the Sasanian Empire.
- Prince Shapur II (309 – 379), the tenth king of the Sasanian Empire.
- Prince Adurfrazgird (??? – 4th-century), governor of southern Arbayistan.
- Prince Zamasp (??? – 4th-century), governor of northern Arbayistan.
- Prince Shapur Sakanshah (??? – 4th-century), governor of Sakastan.
- Prince Hormizd (??? – 4th-century), imprisoned by the Sasanian nobles and later defected to the Roman Empire.
- Prince Ardashir II (??? – 383), the eleventh king of the Sasanian Empire.
- Princess Asay (??? – 4th-century), married the Arsacid king Urnayr.
- Princess Hormizddukht (??? – 4th-century), married the Mamikonian prince Vahan.
- MacKenzie, David Niel (1998), "Ērān, Ērānšahr", Encyclopedia Iranica 8, Costa Mesa: Mazda
- HORMOZD II, A. Shapur Shahbazi, Encyclopaedia Iranica, (March 23, 2012).
- HORMOZD II, A. Shapur Shahbazi, Encyclopaedia Iranica.
- Touraj Daryaee, Sasanian Persia, (I.B.Tauris Ltd, 2010), 16.
- Touraj Daryaee, 16.
- Shapur Shahbazi, A. (2005). "SASANIAN DYNASTY". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
|Great King (Shah) of Persia
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