Horní Domaslavice

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Horní Domaslavice
Village
Church of Saint James the Greater
Church of Saint James the Greater
Flag of Horní Domaslavice
Flag
Coat of arms of Horní Domaslavice
Coat of arms
Horní Domaslavice is located in Czech Republic
Horní Domaslavice
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°41′42″N 18°27′48″E / 49.69500°N 18.46333°E / 49.69500; 18.46333
Country Czech Republic
Region Moravian-Silesian
District Frýdek-Místek
First mentioned 1305
Government
 • Mayor Zdeněk Janecký
Area
 • Total 5.05 km2 (1.95 sq mi)
Elevation 320 m (1,050 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 681
 • Density 130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Postal code 738 01, 739 51
Website http://www.cmail.cz/hornidomaslavice/

Horní Domaslavice (Polish: Domasłowice Górne) is a village in Frýdek-Místek District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic. It has a population of 650 (2008). The village lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

History[edit]

The village was first mentioned in a Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 as item in Domaslawitz utroque.[1][2][3] It meant that there were already two villages of that name (utroque meaning both in Latin), the other being Dolní Domaslavice.

Politically the village belonged initially to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of the Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy.

The village became a seat of a Catholic parish, mentioned in the register of Peter's Pence payment from 1447 among 50 parishes of Teschen deanery as Domaslowicz.[4]

After the 1540s Protestant Reformation prevailed in the Duchy of Teschen and a local Catholic church was taken over by Lutherans. It was taken from them (as one from around fifty buildings) in the region by a special commission and given back to the Roman Catholic Church on 24 March 1654.[5]

After Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire a modern municipal division was introduced in the re-established Austrian Silesia. The village as a municipality was subscribed to the political and legal district of Cieszyn. According to the censuses conducted in 1880, 1890, 1900 and 1910 the population of the municipality dropped from 798 in 1880 to 789 in 1910 with a majority being native Czech-speakers (between 94.2% and 97.8%) accompanied by a small Polish-speaking minority (at most 29 or 3.7% in 1900) and German-speaking (at most 40 or 5% in 1880). In terms of religion in 1910 majority were Roman Catholics (98.6%), followed by Protestants (10 or 1.3%) and 1 Jew.[6]

After World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, it became a part of Czechoslovakia. Following the Munich Agreement, in October 1938 together with the Zaolzie region it was annexed by Poland, administratively adjoined to Cieszyn County of Silesian Voivodeship.[7] It was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Czechoslovakia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in the Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 297-299. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  2. ^ Schulte, Wilhelm (1889). Codex Diplomaticus Silesiae T.14 Liber Fundationis Episcopatus Vratislaviensis (in German). Breslau. 
  3. ^ "Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis" (in Latin). Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Registrum denarii sancti Petri in archidiaconatu Opoliensi sub anno domini MCCCCXLVII per dominum Nicolaum Wolff decretorum doctorem, archidiaconum Opoliensem, ex commissione reverendi in Christo patris ac domini Conradi episcopi Wratislaviensis, sedis apostolice collectoris, collecti". Zeitschrift des Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthum Schlesiens (in German) (Breslau: H. Markgraf) 27: 361–372. 1893. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  5. ^ Broda, Jan (1992). "Materiały do dziejów Kościoła ewangelickiego w Księstwie Cieszyńskim i Państwie Pszczyńskim w XVI i XVII wieku". Z historii Kościoła ewangelickiego na Śląsku Cieszyńskim (in Polish). Katowice: Dom Wydawniczy i Księgarski „Didache“. pp. 259–260. ISBN 83-85572-00-7. 
  6. ^ Piątkowski, Kazimierz (1918). Stosunki narodowościowe w Księstwie Cieszyńskiem (in Polish). Cieszyn: Macierz Szkolna Księstwa Cieszyńskiego. p. 263, 281. 
  7. ^ "Ustawa z dnia 27 października 1938 r. o podziale administracyjnym i tymczasowej organizacji administracji na obszarze Ziem Odzyskanych Śląska Cieszyńskiego". Dziennik Ustaw Śląskich (in Polish) (Katowice). nr 18/1938, poz. 35. 31 October 1938. Retrieved 1 July 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°41′42″N 18°27′48″E / 49.69500°N 18.46333°E / 49.69500; 18.46333