Hornchurch (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hornchurch
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hornchurch in Greater London for the 2005 general election.
County Greater London
19452010
Number of members One
Replaced by Hornchurch and Upminster, Dagenham and Rainham
Created from Romford

Hornchurch was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. At the 2010 general election parts formed the new seats of Hornchurch and Upminster; and Dagenham and Rainham.

Boundaries[edit]

1974-1983: The London Borough of Havering wards of Elm Park, Hacton, Hylands, Rainham, St Andrew's, and South Hornchurch.

1983-2010: The London Borough of Havering wards of Airfield, Elm Park, Hacton, Hylands, Rainham, St Andrew's, and South Hornchurch.

Hornchurch in Essex, showing boundaries used from 1945 to 1950.

The seat encompassed Hornchurch, Rainham, Elm Park and the village of Wennington. It bordered on the other London constituencies of Romford and Upminster and like them, was part of the London Borough of Havering.

History[edit]

The south of the constituency has been seen as a site for building large entertainment centres on Rainham's large marshland area, and was viewed as a potential site for the European Disneyland project, although it was considered much less suitable than the current position near Paris. There have been plans to build a casino but permission is yet to be granted.

Hornchurch is a predominantly suburban and Conservative-voting area, but the seat is seen as a swing seat due to Rainham and Elm Park's working class voters and because the wealthiest Emerson Park area of Hornchurch does not form part of the constituency, instead forming part of Upminster constituency.

The constituency was abolished for the 2010 election. The areas of the constituency covered by the Elm Park, South Hornchurch, and Rainham and Wennington wards in the London Borough of Havering were merged with Dagenham to form a cross-borough Dagenham and Rainham constituency. Hacton and St Andrews wards in Hornchurch merged with Upminster to form Hornchurch and Upminster. Hylands ward in Hornchurch merged with Romford. Prior to the change in boundaries the new seats were predicted to be marginal Labour and safe Conservative respectively if they followed the voting patterns of the previous Dagenham, Upminster and Romford constituencies.[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [2] Party
1945 Geoffrey Bing Labour
1955 Godfrey Lagden Conservative
1966 Alan Lee Williams Labour
1970 John Loveridge Conservative
Feb 1974 Alan Lee Williams Labour
1979 Robin Squire Conservative
1997 John Cryer Labour
2005 James Brokenshire Conservative
2010 constituency abolished: see Hornchurch and Upminster, Dagenham and Rainham & Romford

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Hornchurch
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Brokenshire 16,355 42.8 +0.5
Labour John Cryer 15,875 41.6 –4.8
Liberal Democrat Nat Green 2,894 7.6 –0.6
BNP Ian Moore 1,313 3.4 +3.4
UKIP Laurence Webb 1,033 2.7 +0.2
Residents Malvin Brown 395 1.0 +1.0
Third Way Graham Williamson 304 0.8 +0.3
Majority 480 1.3
Turnout 38,169 63.5 +5.6
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +2.6
General Election 2001: Hornchurch
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Cryer 16,514 46.4 –3.8
Conservative Robin Squire 15,032 42.3 +5.0
Liberal Democrat Sarah Lea 2,928 8.2 +0.4
UKIP Lawrence Webb 893 2.5 N/A
Third Way David Durant 190 0.5 N/A
Majority 1,482 4.1
Turnout 35,557 58.3 –14.5
Labour hold Swing –4.4

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Hornchurch[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robin Squire 25,817 53.5 +2.3
Labour Miss LARG Cooper 16,652 34.5 +6.1
Liberal Democrat BJ Oddy 5,366 11.1 −9.3
Independent Ind SD TF Matthews 453 0.9 +0.9
Majority 9,165 19.0 −3.8
Turnout 48,288 79.8 +4.5
Conservative hold Swing −1.9

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Coordinates: 51°31′44″N 0°12′04″E / 51.529°N 0.201°E / 51.529; 0.201