Hornchurch and Upminster (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hornchurch and Upminster
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hornchurch and Upminster in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 79,568 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of Parliament Angela Watkinson (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Hornchurch, Upminster, Romford
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Hornchurch and Upminster is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Angela Watkinson, a Conservative.[n 2]

Constituency profile and history[edit]

The easternmost seat in Greater London, the predecessor seats were lost by the Conservatives in Labour's landslide 1997 victory, but were won back in 2001 and 2005 respectively and this area is now very safe territory for the Tories because it gained their strongest areas from Hornchurch in the boundary changes.

The Conservative Robin Squire was elected to Parliament as the member for the old seat of Hornchurch on 3 May 1979, in one of the most surprising results of that election. Labour-held Hornchurch had not been a marginal seat and Squire had not expected to win it. However, he gained the seat from Alan Lee Williams with a majority of just 769 on a "freak" swing of 8.5% to his party. During the Thatcher years (1979 to 1990) Squire was considered to be a prominent "wet", opposed to the Conservative government's economic and employment policies. After Mrs Thatcher left office in 1990, Squire's political position strengthened and he held junior ministerial posts until the fall of the Major government in 1997. Squire was defending a majority of 9,165 - his personal popularity plus his prominence as a Minister led him to believe that he would hold the seat, but he lost to Labour's John Cryer with a 16% swing and a Labour majority of 5,680. Squire stood against Cryer again in the 2001 general election but was again defeated by a significant majority.

The constituency includes affluent areas such as Hornchurch town centre, Cranham and Upminster. Limited pockets of deprivation exist in the north of the constituency and most output areas have high levels of retired constituents by Greater London standards, and the borough as a whole is similar to the London Borough of Bromley in that it has high levels of home ownership, on statistics compiled in the 2011 census. The seat, like the London borough, is the only one in London that extends beyond the M25 motorway.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

The seat was the proposal of the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies in 2008-9 and was after consultation accepted by Parliament. Hornchurch and Upminster is essentially an expansion of the old Upminster seat to include a chunk of the old Hornchurch seat - specifically Hornchurch itself.

The constituency of Hornchurch and Upminster is made up of eight electoral wards from the London Borough of Havering:

  • Cranham, Emerson Park, Gooshays, Hacton, Harold Wood, Heaton, St Andrew’s, Upminster.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
2010 Angela Watkinson Conservative

Election results[edit]

General Election 2015: Hornchurch & Upminster[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Green Melanie Collins[5]
Labour Paul McGeary[6]
Conservative Angela Watkinson[7]
UKIP Lawrence Webb
General Election 2010: Hornchurch & Upminster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Angela Watkinson* 27,469 51.4 n/a
Labour Kath McGuirk 11,098 20.8 n/a
Liberal Democrat Karen Chilvers 7,426 13.9 n/a
BNP William Whelpley 3,421 6.4 n/a
UKIP Lawrence Webb 2,848 5.3 n/a
Green Melanie Collins 542 1.0 n/a
Independent David Durant 305 0.6 n/a
Christian Johnson Olukotun 281 0.5 n/a
Majority 16371 30.7
Turnout 53390 68 n/a
* Served as MP for Upminster in the 2005–2010 Parliament

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 51°35′N 0°13′E / 51.58°N 0.22°E / 51.58; 0.22