Hornchurch and Upminster (UK Parliament constituency)
|Hornchurch and Upminster|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Hornchurch and Upminster in Greater London.
|Electorate||79,568 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Angela Watkinson (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Hornchurch, Upminster, Romford|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
Constituency profile and history
The easternmost seat in Greater London, the predecessor seats were lost by the Conservatives in Labour's landslide 1997 victory, but were won back in 2001 and 2005 respectively and this area is now very safe territory for the Tories because it gained their strongest areas from Hornchurch in the boundary changes.
The Conservative Robin Squire was elected to Parliament as the member for the old seat of Hornchurch on 3 May 1979, in one of the most surprising results of that election. Labour-held Hornchurch had not been a marginal seat and Squire had not expected to win it. However, he gained the seat from Alan Lee Williams with a majority of just 769 on a "freak" swing of 8.5% to his party. During the Thatcher years (1979 to 1990) Squire was considered to be a prominent "wet", opposed to the Conservative government's economic and employment policies. After Mrs Thatcher left office in 1990, Squire's political position strengthened and he held junior ministerial posts until the fall of the Major government in 1997. Squire was defending a majority of 9,165 - his personal popularity plus his prominence as a Minister led him to believe that he would hold the seat, but he lost to Labour's John Cryer with a 16% swing and a Labour majority of 5,680. Squire stood against Cryer again in the 2001 general election but was again defeated by a significant majority.
The constituency includes affluent areas such as Hornchurch town centre, Cranham and Upminster. Limited pockets of deprivation exist in the north of the constituency and most output areas have high levels of retired constituents by Greater London standards, and the borough as a whole is similar to the London Borough of Bromley in that it has high levels of home ownership, on statistics compiled in the 2011 census. The seat, like the London borough, is the only one in London that extends beyond the M25 motorway.
The seat was the proposal of the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies in 2008-9 and was after consultation accepted by Parliament. Hornchurch and Upminster is essentially an expansion of the old Upminster seat to include a chunk of the old Hornchurch seat - specifically Hornchurch itself.
The constituency of Hornchurch and Upminster is made up of eight electoral wards from the London Borough of Havering:
- Cranham, Emerson Park, Gooshays, Hacton, Harold Wood, Heaton, St Andrew’s, Upminster.
Members of Parliament
|General Election 2015: Hornchurch & Upminster|
|Liberal Democrat||Jonathan Mitchell||1,501||2.7%||-11.2%|
|General Election 2010: Hornchurch & Upminster|
|Liberal Democrat||Karen Chilvers||7,426||13.9||+5.4|
- * Served as MP for Upminster in the 2005–2010 Parliament
- The seat was contested for the first time in 2010, so percentage changes are based on notional results of the 2005 election.
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2011 census interactive maps
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Hornchurch and Upminster, UKPollingReport