Horningsham shown within Wiltshire
|Population||327 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||BA12 7xx|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||South West Wiltshire|
Horningsham is a small village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, between Warminster and Frome, Somerset. It forms part of the Longleat Estate and has a peculiar form lying somewhere between a classic dispersed settlement and a nucleated village.
The village is within the Cranborne Chase and West Wiltshire Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. It has the P's identified by Country Life (magazine) as essential to a successful village: a pub, a post office, a place of worship, a primary school and public transport (although limited) It also has a village hall.
At Baycliffe Farm, near the boundary with Maiden Bradley, is the site of an early Iron Age settlement. An entry in the Domesday Book describes the village as very small, being occupied by one cottager and four small holders.
The name ‘Horninges-ham’ means ‘Horning’s homestead’ in Old English. The personal name probably comes from the uncomplimentary noun ‘hornung’ meaning ‘bastard’. For more information, see List of generic forms in British place names.
Close to the parish boundary on the road to Frome are the remains of Woodhouse Castle. In the 17th century it was owned by the Cavalier Arundel family and consequently attacked during the English Civil War. The damage was so severe that it was impossible to return to the castle when peace was restored. The family moved into Horningsham and built themselves a fine manor house below the church.
The parish changed hands several times before the Thynnes purchased it for the second time in 1716. The Vernon[disambiguation needed] family, who held it during the 12th century, were the founders of the village church. The Stantors then held it for the next 200 years, selling to Sir John Thynne c. 1550. After the Civil War the manor was in the possession of the Arundels. Sir John Thynne (Longleat’s builder) had already increased the size of the parish by buying more land. His descendant Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath was very interested in forestry, and engaged Capability Brown to plant large plantations of beech and pine. Gradually forestry and farming were established as the two main sources of employment. The situation did not change until the late 20th century, when tourism took over.
Church & Chapel
It has two places of worship, both of ancient origin and both Grade II* listed. First, the Anglican Church of St John the Baptist was founded in the 12th century but has been virtually rebuilt twice in 1783 and 1843. Secondly, an 18th-century Congregational Chapel, known as the Old Meeting House, used by the Scotsmen employed by Sir John Thynne to help build Longleat House. The claim that this is the oldest Free Church in England is unsubstantiated, but it is believed to be the oldest still in use for worship.
Horningsham Cricket Club
The Horningsham Cricket Club (HCC) is a regular in the Three Counties League.
The Bath Arms
The village pub, The Bath Arms, is on The Common. Built in the 17th century it became a public house in 1732 when it was called The New Inn. It later changed to the Lord Weymouth Arms and then the Marquess of Bath’s Arms. In 1850 this was one of four pubs in the village, as well as an off-licence.
Local government and MP
Horningsham elects a parish council. Most local government services are provided by Wiltshire Council, which has its offices in nearby Trowbridge. The village is represented in Parliament by the MP for South West Wiltshire, Andrew Murrison and in Wiltshire Council by Fleur de Rhé-Philipe.
Horningsham has a flourishing cricket team with a junior and senior team. Adult volunteers maintain a successful Teenage Club.
In 2007 Horningsham became the Best Kept Village in West Wiltshire.
Every year and usually on the second Sunday in June, Lord Bath opens a well-attended village fete.
Geology and Geography
The village lies on middle chalk and Warminster greensand. The stream Redford Water rises in the village. It eventually runs into the River Frome. The centre of the village is at 162 metres above sea level.
Horningsham in the news
- 85mph tractor blunder
- Ex-tutor fights Lord Bath rent rise
- Man who cried wolf is breeder of the pack
- Art trail winds through valley
Horningsham in fiction
Horningsham was the reputed birthplace of Matthew Paulinus Hervey, (b. 1791 – d. not yet written), an officer of the fictional 6th Light Dragoons (formerly known as the 'Princess Caroline’s Own') which appear in the on-going 'Hervey' series of novels written by Allan Mallinson (a retired British Army Brigadier). Hervey’s father, the Venerable Thomas Hervey MA (Oxon), is portrayed as a Church of England cleric within the village who later receives a higher benefice, (Archdeacon of Sarum), within the Diocese of Salisbury. The countryside surrounding Horningsham is often referenced as Matthew Hervey thinks of home whilst on active service and periodically enjoys a measure of home-leave.
- List of places in Wiltshire
- List of civil parishes in Wiltshire
- Longleat House
- Animal Park - television programme filmed at Longleat and in Horningsham
- "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- "The Bath Arms". Retrieved 2007-09-18.
- "Wilts County Council". Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-09-18.
- Institute for Name Studies. "A Key to English Place-Names". Retrieved 15 July 2009.
- "Horningsham". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- Historic England. "Church of St. John the Baptist, Horningsham (1364356)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- "Church of St. John the Baptist, Horningsham". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- Historic England. "Congegational Chapel, Horningsham (1036378)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- "Wiltshire Community History - Congregational Chapel, Horningsham". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- "Horningsham Primary School". www.horningsham.schnet.org. Retrieved 2010-11-19.
- "CCW AONB". Retrieved 2010-11-15.
Media related to Horningsham at Wikimedia Commons
|Witham Friary||Maiden Bradley||Longbridge Deverill|