Hornsey

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Not to be confused with Hornsea.
Hornsey
Great Northern Railway Tavern, Hornsey High Street - geograph.org.uk - 354363.jpg
Great Northern Railway Tavern, Hornsey
Hornsey is located in Greater London
Hornsey
Hornsey
 Hornsey shown within Greater London
Area  1.06 km2 (0.41 sq mi)
Population 12,659 (Ward only)[1]
   – density  11,942/km2 (30,930/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ305895
London borough Haringey
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district N8
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Hornsey and Wood Green
London Assembly Enfield and Haringey
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°35′14″N 0°07′19″W / 51.587131°N 0.121950°W / 51.587131; -0.121950

Hornsey /hɔrnz/ is a district of north London, England in the London Borough of Haringey. Hornsey has been a much larger ancient parish than the electoral ward of the same name, in turn a smaller entity than the Municipal Borough of Hornsey which co-governed its area with Middlesex County Council from 1889 to 1965, since which time, the name usually refers only to the London neighbourhood at the heart of these former areas to the west of Hornsey railway station. It is an inner-suburban, for the most part residential, area centred 6.2 miles (10 km) north of Charing Cross.

Locale[edit]

The boundaries of Hornsey neighbourhood today are not clearly defined. Since the Municipal Borough of Hornsey was abolished in 1965, the name most commonly may refer either to the N8 postal district which includes Crouch End and part of Harringay, or to a smaller area centred on Hornsey High Street, at the eastern end of which is the churchyard and tower of the former parish church which used to be the administrative centre of Hornsey (parish). This used to stretch to a long border with Islington and Stoke Newington. It also had two small detached parts immediately beyond and within the latter.[2] In the 1840s the parish had 5,937 residents and had been reduced by the loss of Finsbury Park but comprised 2,362 acres (9.56 km2) taking in besides its own village, the established hamlets of Muswell Hill, Crouch End, and part of Highgate.[3]

North of Hornsey High Street, and immediately to its south, some of the area is public sector housing, surrounded by the late Victorian terraces developed by builders such as John Farrer. Between the western end of the High Street and the bottom of Muswell Hill, the character of the area changes dramatically. Much of this part is the Warner Estate built up with large well-appointed late Victorian houses. To the south west of the High Street is Priory Park, a pleasant urban green space.

The High Street has a range of shops and an increasing number of restaurants. The eastern section retains strong echoes of its rural past and hosts the 13th Century tower which is all that remains of St Mary's Church.

On the north side of the High street is the old public bath and wash house. Opened in 1932, it had 33,000 users a year in the 1950s.[4] It is now abandoned and sits on a site the future of which is documented here. A small group of local residents have suggested to Haringey Council that it should be developed as an arts & crafts studio and gallery for local artists.

Hornsey is also the locale, where The Hour is filmed.[5] Hornsey's Town Hall was also used within the show.[6]

One electoral ward containing the word 'Hornsey' was in use by the London Borough of Haringey in 2011. In 2001 three wards reflected their area's historic identity as part and parcel of Hornsey:

  1. Hornsey Central
  2. Hornsey Vale
  3. South Hornsey[7]

Geography[edit]

History[edit]

The name Hornsey originated from a Saxon chieftain named Haering; 'Haering's Hege was Haering's enclosure.[8] It shares this derivation with Harringay neighbourhood and Haringey borough. The 'Haringey' variant is the oldest recorded form.

Hornsey High Street in 1873, with the old Three Compases pub building in the centre

Hornsey Village, which was first recorded in 1202 according to the Place Names of Middlesex, was the focus of parish with its church first mentioned in 1291. The village developed along what is now Hornsey High Street, and in the seventeenth century it was bisected by the New River that crossed the village in three places: first at the end of Nightingale Lane, secondly from behind the Three Compasses and lastly, as it does now, at the bottom of Tottenham Lane. The village grew dramatically after about 1860 and eventually merged with the separate settlement at Crouch End (first mentioned in 1465) to form an urban area in the middle of the parish.

Much of Hornsey was built up in Edwardian times, but the tower of the original parish church still stands in its ancient graveyard in Hornsey High Street, at the centre of the old village. Other notable places are the Doragh Gasworks, the former Hornsey Town Hall in Crouch End, and Highpoint and Cromwell House in Highgate.

Economic development[edit]

21st century housing in Chadwell Lane, Hornsey

In 1954 the first Lotus Cars factory was established behind the Railway Hotel (now Funky Brownz Bar) on Tottenham Lane. Adjacent to it was their first showroom (part of Jewson's building materials store) where there is now a memorial plaque to Colin Chapman.

Established in 1964, Hornsey Co-operative Credit Union was Britain's oldest credit union, until it merged with London Capital Credit Union in 2013.

Since 2000 Hornsey's residential developments have been architecturally diverse and overall accommodative of a diverse range of the local community. This has included estates of more than 50 homes with a proportion available under social housing and affordable housing schemes.


Education[edit]

For details of education in Hornsey see the London Borough of Haringey article.

Hornsey in literature, on film and television[edit]

In Jonathan Coe's 1987 debut novel The Accidental Woman, the protagonist Maria shares a flat in Hornsey with two women for several years.

Notable current and former residents[edit]

Former residents include poets A.E. Housman and Thomas Moore, publisher Andrew Melrose, eminent theatre architect Frank Matcham, soviet communist apologists William Peyton Coates and Zelda Coates. Actor Bob Hoskins grew up here. The once-famous poet Samuel Rogers, a friend of Byron and Dickens, is buried in Hornsey churchyard, as is Thomas Frye, artist and founder of the Bow porcelain factory. Colin Chapman, founder of Lotus Cars.

Other notable residents are:

Transport and locale[edit]

Nearest places[edit]

Nearest tube station[edit]

Nearest railway stations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 5 November 2014
  2. ^ T F T Baker, C R Elrington (Editors), A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, M A Hicks, R B Pugh (1980). "Ossulstone Hundred". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 6. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Samuel Lewis (publisher) (1848). "Horndon, East - Horsell". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  4. ^ Hornsey Past by Steven Denford (Historical Publications 2008
  5. ^ "The Wright Stuff Monday 12 November". Channel5.com. Retrieved 13 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "Hornsey Town Hall’s Hour in the spotlight". haringey.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 November 2012. 
  7. ^ Ward search Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2014-11-05
  8. ^ Etymology Section in Wikipedia History of Harringay Article

External links[edit]

Media related to Hornsey at Wikimedia Commons