Horodok, Lviv Oblast

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Horodok
Городок
Town
Gorodk h.png
Gorodok Coat of Arms
Horodok is located in Ukraine
Horodok
Horodok
Location in Ukraine
Coordinates: 49°47′00″N 23°38′40″E / 49.78333°N 23.64444°E / 49.78333; 23.64444Coordinates: 49°47′00″N 23°38′40″E / 49.78333°N 23.64444°E / 49.78333; 23.64444
Country Ukraine
Region Lviv Oblast
District Horodok Raion
Area
 • Total 30 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 15,825
 • Density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+02:00)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+03:00)
Postal code 81500
Area codes +380 3231
Website місто Городок (Ukrainian)

Horodok (Ukrainian: Городок, Polish: Gródek Jagielloński) is a city in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. It is administrative center of the Horodok Raion. The population in 2001 was 16,082.

First mentioned by Nestor the Chronicler in the Primary Chronicle. Also, the Galician–Volhynian Chronicle mentions that the King Daniel of Galicia came to Horodok with his forces to join Mstislav Mstislavich the Bold while they fought with Polish-Hungarians over the Galician land.

In the mid-14th century, together with whole Red Ruthenia, the village was annexed by the Kingdom of Poland. Its name was changed into Grodek, and it remained in Poland for the next 400 years. In 1372, king Jogaila founded here a Roman Catholic parish, also during the reign of Jagiello, Grodek received Magdeburg rights. This was the place where King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania Jogaila died on 1 June 1434.

Until the Partitions of Poland, Horodok was part of Ruthenian Voivodeship. A battle between Polish and Cossack forces took place here in 1655 (see Battle of Horodok), in which Bohdan Khmelnytsky defeated Polish forces and than laid siege to Lviv.

In 1772, Horodok was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, as part of Austrian Galicia, where it remained until late 1918. German-speaking settlers established their own colony, called Vorderberg (1788). Austrian authorities closed local Franciscan monastery, turning it into a military depot. In 1903, a monument of Wladyslaw Jagiello was unveiled here, and in 1906, the name of the town was changed from Grodek to Grodek Jagiellonski, in honour of the king.

In the Second Polish Republic, Horodok was the seat of a county in Lwow Voivodeship. The town had three Roman Catholic churches, one Greek-Catholic, and a synagogue. It also was a military garrison, where a subunit of Polish Army’s 5th Infantry Division was stationed. According to the 1921 census, Poles made 72% of the population, Ukrainians 26%, and Jews 2%.

During the Invasion of Poland, Horodok was on 13 September 1939 captured by the Wehrmacht, and later seized by the Red Army, 1945-1991 occupied by the Soviet Union.

Churches and Monasteries[edit]

People from Horodok[edit]

  • Franciszek Duszenko – Polish sculptor, rector of Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk
  • Tadeusz Kaniowski – Polish radiologist and physician
  • Jan Pawel Lenga – Roman Catholic bishop
  • Jerzy Sawicki – Polish legal expert and law professor
  • Hipolit Sliwinski – Polish architect and politician, envoy to the Sejm
  • Stepan Bilak – Ukrainian politician, envoy to the Polish Sejm in the 1920s and 1930s
  • Roman Lysko - Ukrainian Greek Catholic priest and martyr
  • Ross Martin - American actor, emigrated to the United States as an infant

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Horodok is twinned with:

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]