Horodok, Lviv Oblast
This is the place where King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania Jogaila died on 1 June 1434. Also, a battle between Polish and Cossack forces took place here in 1655 (see Battle of Gródek Jagielloński).
Horodok was first mentioned in 1213. In the mid-14th century, together with whole Red Ruthenia, the village was annexed by the Kingdom of Poland. Its name was changed into Grodek, and it remained in Poland for the next 400 years. In 1372, king Wladyslaw Jagiello founded here a Roman Catholic parish, also during the reign of Jagiello, Grodek received Magdeburg rights. Until the Partitions of Poland, Grodek was part of Ruthenian Voivodeship. In 1648, the town was ransacked by the Cossacks, and its residents were murdered (see Khmelnytsky Uprising).
In 1772, Grodek was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, as part of Austrian Galicia, where it remained until late 1918. German-speaking settlers established their own colony, called Vorderberg (1788). Austrian authorities closed a local Franciscan monastery, turning it into a military depot. In 1903, a monument of Wladyslaw Jagiello was unveiled here, and in 1906, the name of the town was changed from Grodek to Grodek Jagiellonski, in honor of the king.
In the Second Polish Republic, Grodek was the seat of a county in Lwow Voivodeship. The town had three Roman Catholic churches, one Greek-Catholic, and a synagogue. It also was a military garrison, where a subunit of Polish Army’s 5th Infantry Division was stationed. According to the 1921 census, Poles made 72% of the population, Ukrainians 26%, and Jews 2%.
Cult one premises
People from Horodok
- Franciszek Duszenko – Polish sculptor, rector of Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk,
- Tadeusz Kaniowski – Polish radiologist and physician,
- Jan Pawel Lenga – Roman Catholic bishop,
- Jerzy Sawicki – Polish legal expert and law professor,
- Hipolit Sliwinski – Polish architect and politician, envoy to the Sejm,
- Stepan Bilak – Ukrainian politician, envoy to the Polish Sejm in the 1920s and 1930s.
Twin towns — sister cities
Horodok is twinned with: