Horse-drawn railway

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Horse-drawn railways were used before the advent of steam locomotive traction, which gradually superseded them in most instances.

Examples[edit]

Examples include:


1800[edit]

1850[edit]

  • Australia Port Broughton (1876–1926) always isolated; 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

1880[edit]

  • Fiji Horse Tramways in Fiji (1884–) 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) gauge and 610 mm (2 ft) gauge. Some assisted by manpower. Cane tramways.

Proposed[edit]

The Governor of New South Wales and the Railways Engineer John Whitton fought a long battle in the 1860s over the introduction of horse-drawn railways and the narrow gauge, at least for lightly used branch lines; neither were never introduced. Comparative costs were prepared.[17]

Gauge[edit]

In a debate in the South Australian Parliament in 1876, it was observed that while the wider 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) and 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) gauges allowed for 2 horses side by side, the narrower 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge did not.[18]

Horse shunting[edit]

Horses continued to be used for light shunting well into the 20th century.

Horses have several advantages for this purpose:[19]

  • cheap
  • could easily move from track to track
  • no warm-up time like a steam locomotive
  • they can learn to obey instructions

Disadvantages of horses include:

  • they may be spooked and bolt.
  • they may trip and fall and get injured or killed.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Horse-Drawn Train.". Examiner (Launceston, Tas. : 1900–1954) (Launceston, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 12 December 1908. p. 3 Edition: DAILY. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  2. ^ "The Oldest Railway.". The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882–1954) (Vic.: National Library of Australia). 24 January 1928. p. 10. Retrieved 15 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "The Festiniog Railway.". The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858–1889) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 27 May 1872. p. 2. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  4. ^ "Correspondence.". Illustrated Sydney News (NSW : 1853–1872) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 25 March 1854. p. 3. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "To the Editor of the Sydney Morning Herald.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842–1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 17 November 1856. p. 3. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  6. ^ Ireland lost lines, Ian Allen, 2006, p71
  7. ^ "Adelaide Philosophical Society.". South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839–1900) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 17 August 1867. p. 3. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "Cheap Railways.". The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843–1893) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 28 November 1861. p. 2. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "House of Assembly.". South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839–1900) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 31 July 1889. p. 6. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "Meeting at Moonta.". The Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888–1954) (SA: National Library of Australia). 12 July 1890. p. 2. Retrieved 17 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "Horse-Drawn Railway Was Once Proposed For Port MacDonnell.". Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861–1954) (Mount Gambier, SA: National Library of Australia). 23 June 1953. p. 13. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  12. ^ "China's Moral Debt to Great Britain.". The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879–1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 10 December 1918. p. 5. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  13. ^ Steaming through Briton p28
  14. ^ "S.A. Benefits From Gauge Change .". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931–1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 18 May 1954. p. 13. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  15. ^ "Railway Management.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889–1931) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 22 November 1918. p. 6. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  16. ^ "Railway Management.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889–1931) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 22 November 1918. p. 6. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  17. ^ "Horse, Traction Railway.". Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850–1875) (Sydney, NSW: National Library of Australia). 18 September 1861. p. 8. Retrieved 17 November 2012. 
  18. ^ "The Parliament.". South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839–1900) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 12 July 1876. p. 5. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  19. ^ http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/gansg/8-yards/y-intro.htm
  20. ^ http://sinfin.net/railways/world/brazil.html