Horserød camp

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Danish Prisons
Statsfængslet ved Horserød
Location: Horserød, Elsinore
Status: Operational
Classification: Prison
Capacity: 221
Opened: 1916-17
Closed:
Managed by: Correctional Service of Denmark

Coordinates: 56°02′44″N 12°29′40″E / 56.045494°N 12.49449°E / 56.045494; 12.49449 Horserød Prison is an open state prison at Horserød, located in North Zealand, ca. seven kilometers from Helsingør. In local parlance it is still referred as Horserød camp.

Before World war II[edit]

The camp originally consisted of approx. 75 wooden barracks and was built in 1917 to be a place for Russian prisoners of war who were transferred from Germany and the Eastern front during the First World War. In the period after the First World War the camp housed various kinds of refugees, and at one point was converted to a summer camp for school children from the slums of Copenhagen [1]

During the war[edit]

19. April 1940 the first of 80 German immigrants were detained in Horserød camp. They were later returned to Germany. On 2 August 1941 the last 41 detainees were sent back to Germany. A court in Hamburg later sentenced 14 of them to capital punishment while the rest interned in German concentration camps.[2]

In 1941 Danish communists were arrested and first put into Vestre Prison in Copenhagen before being moved on 22 June 1941 to Horserød camp, as a result of the adoption of the anti-Communist Act by Danish parliament on 22 August 1941.[2]

First used to hold Danish traitors, the camp was later used by Germans around September 1943, to detained various Danish resistance and Jews. Although Horserød Camps was not described as a concentration camp, it had the same functions, however, was in contrast to the German concentration camps not under SS.[2]

In 1944, when the Danish government created Frøslev camp, the inmates from Horserød was moved there. From April 1945,the Germans used Horserød camp as a military hospital for wounded German soldiers.[2]

After the war[edit]

From 15 August 1945 the camp was used for the internment of Danish traitors. The last detained traitor was released in 1956. The Danish prison services took over Horserød camp in 1947.[2][3]

External reference[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Syge og sårede krigsfanger 1. del, Københavns Befæstning (Danish)
  2. ^ a b c d e Horserødlejrens historie, Horserød-Stutthof foreningen (Danish)
  3. ^ Statsfængslet ved Horserød, Kriminalforsorgen (Danish)