Horsforth

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Coordinates: 53°50′03″N 1°38′34″W / 53.83413°N 1.64288°W / 53.83413; -1.64288

Horsforth
TownStreetHorsforth.jpg
Town Street, Horsforth
Horsforth is located in West Yorkshire
Horsforth
Horsforth
 Horsforth shown within West Yorkshire
Population 21,562 (2011)
OS grid reference SE236376
Civil parish Horsforth
Metropolitan borough City of Leeds
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LEEDS
Postcode district LS18
Dialling code 0113
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Pudsey
Leeds North West
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Horsforth is a town and civil parish within the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, in West Yorkshire, England, lying to the north west of Leeds. Historically within the West Riding of Yorkshire, it has a population of 18,928.[1] Horsforth was considered to have the largest population of any village in the United Kingdom during the latter part of the 19th century. It became part of the City of Leeds metropolitan borough in 1974, and became a civil parish with town council in 1999.

History[edit]

Horsforth Museum
The Home Front: World War II display in Horsforth Museum

Horsforth was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Horseford, Horseforde, Hoseforde; but late-ninth-century coins with the legend ORSNA FORD and OHSNA FORD may have come from Horsforth. The name derives from Old English hors or, to judge from the coins, *horsa ('horse') in the genitive plural form horsa/horsna + ford 'ford', thus meaning 'horses' ford'.[2] This refers to a river crossing on the River Aire that was subsequently used to transport woollen goods to and from Pudsey, Shipley and Bradford. The original ford was situated off Calverley Lane, but was replaced by a stone footbridge at the turn of the 19th century.

The three unnamed Saxon thegns that held the land at the Conquest gave way to the king who granted it to lesser Norman nobles,[citation needed] but not long after most of the village came under the control of Kirkstall Abbey, a Cistercian house founded in 1152 on the bank of the River Aire downstream of Horsforth.

After the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539, Horsforth was partitioned and sold to five families, one of them the Stanhopes achieved supremacy and controlled the village for the next 300 years. The estate record of the Stanhopes is regarded as one of the most extensive and important collections of its kind, complementing the extensive mediaeval record associated with Kirkstall Abbey.

Until the mid 19th century, Horsforth was an agricultural community but it expanded rapidly with the growth of the nearby industrial centre of Leeds. A tannery business was founded at Woodside in about 1820 by the Watson family. It was on the eastern edge of their small farm, and memorialised by Tanhouse Hill Lane. The business became a soap manufacturer and moved to Whitehall Road in Leeds in 1861 and under the chairmanship of Joseph Watson junior, created Baron Manton in 1922, as Joseph Watson & Sons Ltd, became the largest soap supplier to the north east of England, second in size nationally only to Lever Brothers.[3] Industrially, Horsforth has a history of producing high quality stone from its quarries. Not only did it supply Kirkstall Abbey with building materials and millstones in the medieval period, it provided the stone for Scarborough's seafront and sent sandstone from Golden Bank Quarry as far afield as Egypt. Situated on Horsforth Beck (Oil Mill Beck) were mills serving the textile trade.

Between 1861 and 1862, there was an outbreak of typhoid.[4]

Horsforth was historically a township in the parish of Guiseley. It became a separate civil parish in 1866.[5] In the late-19th century it achieved note as the village with the largest population in England. Railways, turnpike roads, tramways and the nearby canal made it a focus for almost all forms of public and commercial transport and it became a dormitory suburb of Leeds. The civil parish became Horsforth Urban District in 1894. The parish and urban district were abolished in 1974 and merged into the new City of Leeds metropolitan district. In 1999 Horsforth became a civil parish and a parish council was created, which exercised its right to declare Horsforth a town.[6]

Horsforth Village Museum[7] has collections and displays illustrating aspects of life set against the backdrop of the changing role of the village.

During World War II the £241,000 required to build the corvette HMS Aubretia was raised entirely by the people of Horsforth. In 2000 the US President Bill Clinton acknowledged Horsforth's contribution to the war effort in a letter sent to MP Paul Truswell.[8] The letter is in the museum.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Horsforth railway station looking south towards Leeds
Newlay & Horsforth railway station, with Up empties train in 1964

Horsforth railway station is on the Harrogate Line between Harrogate and Leeds. The station is just outside the Horsforth parish boundary, on the Cookridge side of Moseley Beck.

Newlay station, which was built by the Midland Railway, was renamed Newlay & Horsforth station in 1889. It was situated south of the River Aire and was accessible from Horsforth on Pollard Lane which connects Horsforth to Bramley.[9] The station, which was on the Airedale Line (Leeds-Shipley-Skipton), was renamed Newlay station in 1961. It closed on 22 March 1965, along with other stations on the Airedale Line: Armley Canal Road, Kirkstall, Calverley & Rodley and Apperley Bridge.

Bus[edit]

The town is served by First Leeds bus routes:

Air[edit]

The nearest airport to Horsforth is Leeds Bradford International Airport, in Yeadon

Education[edit]

Leeds Trinity University, formerly Leeds Trinity University College, is an independent university after a period as an accredited college of the University of Leeds. The residential campus is located off Brownberrie Lane, Horsforth.

The further education college Leeds City College has a site in Horsforth called the Horsforth Campus. It was previously part of Park Lane College.

The main secondary school is Horsforth School.[10] Horsforth's state sector primary schools are West End Lane Primary School, St Margaret's Primary School, Newlaithes Primary School, Westbrook Lane Primary School, Broadgate Lane Primary School, St Mary's Catholic Primary School and Featherbank Primary School.

Featherbank School opened in 1911 as a primary school, replacing the Grove Day School. The school's infant department was moved to the Grove Methodist Church on Stanhope Drive in 1933, but in 1960 transferred to the Featherbank School annexe. In 1972 Featherbank juniors (7–11 years) were allocated places at the newly built Newlaithes Junior School, at which point Featherbank became purely an infants' school (4–7 years).[11] In September 2011 Featherbank reverted to a full primary school.

There is an independent primary school, the Froebelian School.

Architecture[edit]

Horsforth has a large percentage of sandstone buildings sourced from local quarries, more than any other part of Leeds. A draft design statement[12] was produced in 2010, which summarises much of the architectural and historical character.

Churches[edit]

St Margaret's Church

The main churches in Horsforth are;

The Scout and Guide hut[edit]

The Scout and Guide hut on New Road Side was requisitioned during the Second World War as an emergency mortuary for the factories based around what is now Leeds Bradford Airport (Yeadon Aerodrome at the time). It was never needed. Before purchase by the scouts and guides[when?] the building was used as a cafe, a popular stop off on the way out to Otley, Ilkey and the Dales.

Sports clubs and facilities[edit]

  • AFC Horsforth; Based at The Fleece Pub
  • AFC Horsforth Junior Club; Trinity and All Saints College.
  • Yarnbury Rugby Club
  • Horsforth Cricket Club[25]
  • Hall Park Cricket Club
  • Hall Park Cricket Club is also the home of Horsforth Harriers[26] running club
  • Horsforth Golf Club
  • Old Ball Football Pitches (Home of Horsforth St Margaret's FC)
  • Cragg Hill Football Pitches (Home of Horsforth St Margaret's FC)
  • The Rec FootballPitch (Home of Horsforth Ringway)
  • Horsorth School Astroturf (Owned by Horsforth School)
  • Horsforth School Football and Rugby Pitches (Owned by Horsforth School)

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Location grid[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for Neighbourhood Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Leeds Retrieved 9 September 2009
  2. ^ Victor Watts (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names Based on the Collections of the English Place-Name Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), s.v. HORSFORTH.
  3. ^ Wilson, Charles. History of Unilever, London, 1954. Vol.1
  4. ^ Epidemiological Society of London, ''Transactions'' (in GoogleBooks). Books.google.com. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  5. ^ Vision of Britain: Horsforth CP
  6. ^ caa for full designation-final version.pdf "Horsforth Conservation Area Appraisal and Management Plan". Leeds City Council. 10 November 2008. p. 7. Retrieved 28 March 2009. [dead link]
  7. ^ The Dedicated Partnership – promoting tourism. "Horsforth Museum, Leeds – Yorkshire". UK Attraction. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "Storm over U-boat film, BBC News, 2 June 2000". BBC News. 2 June 2000. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "Multi Map". Multi Map. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "Horsforth school official website". Horsforth.leeds.sch.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  11. ^ "school history". Featherbank.leeds.sch.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Horsforth Design Statement", requires Pdf download. Retrieved 10 January 2012
  13. ^ "Lister Hill Baptist Church". Listerhill.org.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  14. ^ "Cragg Hill Congregation". South Parade Baptist Church. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  15. ^ "St Margaret's Church Horsforth". Stmargaretshorsforth.org.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  16. ^ "St James, Woodside". Stjameswoodside.org. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  17. ^ "The Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses, Calverley Lane, Horsforth", GENUKI.org.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012
  18. ^ "Central Methodist Church, Town Street, Horsforth, Leeds", Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012
  19. ^ "Grove Methodist Church, Horsforth, Leeds". Grovemethodist.org.uk. 6 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  20. ^ Thomson, Richard; "Woodside Methodist Church, Outwood Lane, Horsforth, Leeds", Genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012
  21. ^ Horsforth Churches Together, Grovemethodist.org.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012
  22. ^ "St Mary's Roman Catholic Church, Horsforth", Genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012
  23. ^ "History of the Chapel", Leedstrinity.ac.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012
  24. ^ Comboni Missionaries, Comboni.org.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012
  25. ^ Taylor, Chris. "Horsforth Cricket Club". Pitchero.com. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  26. ^ "Horsforth Harriers Running Club". Horsforthharriers.co.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  27. ^ "'Once a Featherbanker...' Ed Miliband returns to the Horsforth school that fostered his love of Leeds United", Yorkshire Post, 14 October 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2012
  28. ^ McIntyre, Annette ". . . and that he would never be a professional footballer", Telegraph & Argus, 24 June 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2012
  29. ^ "Ralph Miliband biography, London School of Economics website". Lse.ac.uk. 24 November 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  30. ^ "David Oxtoby" Redfern Gallery. Retrieved 10 January 2012
  31. ^ 1 (17 September 2008). "Dave Stone: Horsforth cyclist wins second Paralympics gold – Sport – Yorkshire Evening Post". Horsforthtoday.co.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  32. ^ 2 (27 August 2008). "Jonny Clay in Horsforth Today". Horsforthtoday.co.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  33. ^ http://www.yorkshireeveningpost.co.uk/sport/other-sport/motorsport-tordoff-confident-of-being-in-the-touring-car-title-race-1-6440469

External links[edit]