Horsham (UK Parliament constituency)

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Horsham
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Horsham in West Sussex.
Outline map
Location of West Sussex within England.
County West Sussex
Electorate 77,001 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of Parliament Francis Maude (Conservative)
Number of members One
19451974
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Horsham and Crawley
Created from Horsham and Worthing
18851918
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Horsham and Worthing
Created from Horsham, Midhurst and West Sussex
1295–1885
Number of members Two until 1832, then one until 1885
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Horsham
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Horsham is /ˈhɔrʃəm/ a constituency[n 1] centred on the historic satellite town to London, its rural district and part of another rural district in West Sussex represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament[n 2] since 1997 by Francis Maude of the Conservative Party.

Boundaries and profile[edit]

The constituency is located in a northern part of West Sussex, bordering the constituencies of Arundel and South Downs, Mid Sussex. It is centred slightly east of the town of Horsham and is rectangular with the exception of a noticeable gap formed by the smaller constituency of Crawley.

The constituency (including its brief larger versions under other names) has been represented by members of the Conservative Party since 1880, making it the longest held Conservative seat and not normally with marginal majorities making it a safe seat, though just outside the top twenty Conservative seats sorted by majority.[2]

Latest boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary boundaries in West Sussex, the Boundary Commission for England for the 2010 election made alterations to all existing constituencies to address population changes. The modified Horsham constituency was created with these electoral wards:

History[edit]

Horsham has existed as a constituency for three distinct periods. It first sent members to Parliament in 1295. However, the constituency was abolished in 1918 to make way for Horsham and Worthing. In 1945 the constituency was recreated, until 1974 when Horsham and Crawley was created. In 1983 the constituency of Horsham was again created and has existed since.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs before 1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1386 Henry Boteler (?William Rydel)ere I[3]
1388 (Feb) Roger Wyldegose William Rydelere I[3]
1388 (Sep) John Baker Thomas Jewdry[3]
1390 (Jan) Henry Boteler[3]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Henry Boteler Thomas Jewdry[3]
1393 William Chode William Rydelere II[3]
1394
1395 Henry Boteler Roger Eylove[3]
1397 (Jan) William Rydelere I Roger Wyldegose[3]
1397 (Sep) Henry Boteler Richard Coudene[3]
1399 William Chode Richard Coudene[3]
1401
1402 Thomas Bolter Robert atte Lynde[3]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 Thomas Chode John Stoute[3]
1407 Thomas Bolter Thomas Chode[3]
1410
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Henry Boteler II Thomas Pylfold[3]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Thomas Chode Thomas Wodehach[3]
1415
1416 (Mar) Henry Boteler II Walter Urry[3]
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Haselhurst William Hynekere[3]
1419 William Stoute Walter Ury[3]
1420 William Hynekere William Stoute[3]
1421 (May) Thomas Chode Peter Hent[3]
1421 (Dec) Henry Boteler II Roger Elyot[3]
1510-1523 No names known[4]
1529 Alfred Berwick Henry Hussey[4]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542  ?
1545 Sir Anthony Wingfield[5] Francis Knollys[4]
1547 Andrew Baynton[6] John Vaughan[4]
1553 (Mar) Henry Hussey Edward Lewknor[4]
1553 (Oct) Anthony Hussey John Michell[4]
1554 (Apr) Richard Baker John Baker[4]
1554 (Nov) William Tooke John Purvey[4]
1555 Robert Colshill William Hogan[4]
1558 John Blennerhassett Richard Fulmerston[4]
1558 (Dec) Richard Lestrange Nicholas Mynn[7]
1562/3 Peter Osborne Robert Buxton[7]
1571 John Hussey John Gresham[7]
1572 Nicholas Hare John Hare[7]
1584 Nicholas Hare John Hare[7]
1586 Nicholas Hare John Hare[7]
1588/9 Nicholas Hare John Hare[7]
1593 John Hare Richard Franke[7]
1597 John Hare James Booth[7]
1601 Sir William Hervey Michael Hicks[7]
1604 John Dodderidge Michael Hicks
1614 John Middleton Sir Thomas Vavasour
1621 Thomas Cornwallis John Middleton
1624 John Borough John Middleton
1625 John Borough John Middleton
1626 John Borough John Middleton
1628 Dudley North John Middleton
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

MPs 1660–1832[edit]

Year First member[8] First Party Second member[8] Second Party
1660 Thomas Middleton Hall Ravenscroft
1661 Sir John Covert, Bt Henry Chowne
1669 Orlando Bridgeman
1679 Anthony Eversfield John Michell
1681 John Machel
1685 Anthony Eversfield
1690 Thomas White
1695 Henry Yates
January 1701 Henry Cowper
November 1701 John Wicker
1702 Henry Cowper
1705 Charles Eversfield
1707 Henry Goring
1708 John Wicker
1710 John Middleton
1713 Charles Eversfield
January 1715 Sir Henry Goring, Bt
June 1715 Hon. Arthur Ingram Arthur Ingram
1721 Charles Eversfield
1722 Hon. Henry Ingram
1737 Hon. Charles Ingram
1741 Sir Richard Mill, Bt
1747 Charles Ingram
1748 Sir Lionel Pilkington, Bt
1763 Robert Pratt
1768 James Grenville
1770 James Wallace
1774 Jeremiah Dyson
1776 The Earl of Drogheda
September 1780 Viscount Lewisham
November 1780 Sir George Osborn, Bt
1783 James Crauford
1784 Jeremiah Crutchley Philip Metcalfe
1790 Timothy Shelley Whig Wilson Braddyll
1792 Lord William Gordon James Baillie
1793 William Fullarton
1796 Sir John MacPherson James Fox-Lane
1802 Edward Hilliard Patrick Ross
1804 Viscount FitzHarris
1806 Francis John Wilder Love Jones-Parry
1807 Sir Samuel Romilly Whig
1808 Joseph Marryat Henry Goulburn
1812 Sir Arthur Leary Piggott Robert Hurst Whig
1818 George Phillips
1820 Sir John Aubrey, Bt
1826 Henry Fox Whig
1827 Nicholas Ridley-Colborne
1829 The Earl of Arundel
  • Representation reduced to one (1832)

MPs 1832-1945[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1832 Robert Henry Hurst Liberal
1841 Robert Scarlett Conservative
1844 by-election Robert Henry Hurst Liberal
1847 John Jervis Liberal
1848 by-election William Vesey-FitzGerald Conservative
1848 by-election Lord Edward Howard Liberal
1852 William Vesey-FitzGerald Conservative
1865 Robert Henry Hurst Liberal
1868 John Aldridge[9] Conservative
1869[9] Robert Henry Hurst Liberal
1874 Sir William Vesey-FitzGerald Conservative
1875 by-election Robert Henry Hurst Liberal
1876 by-election James Clifton Brown Liberal
1880 Sir Henry Aubrey-Fletcher, Bt Conservative
1885 Sir Walter Barttelot, Bt Conservative
1893 by-election John Heywood Johnstone Conservative
1904 by-election Viscount Turnour Conservative
1918 Constituency abolished: see Horsham and Worthing

MPs 1945-1974[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1945 The Earl Winterton Conservative
1951 Frederick Gough Conservative
1964 Peter Hordern Conservative
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see Horsham and Crawley

MPs since 1983[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1983 Sir Peter Hordern Conservative
1997 Francis Maude Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Horsham[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
UKIP Roger Arthur
Conservative Francis Maude
style="background-color: Template:Something New/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Something New|Template:Something New/meta/shortname]] James Smith[11]
General Election 2010: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Francis Maude 29,447 52.7 +2.7
Liberal Democrat Godfrey Newman 17,987 32.2 +5.4
Labour Andrew Skudder 4,189 7.5 -9.6
UKIP Harry Aldridge 2,839 5.1 +0.4
Green Nick Fitter 570 1.0
Christian Steve Lyon 469 0.8
Peace Jim Duggan 253 0.5
Independent Derek Kissach 87 0.2
Majority 11,460 20.5
Turnout 55,841 72.12 +3.97

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Francis Maude 27,240 50.0 -1.5
Liberal Democrat Rosie Sharpley 14,613 26.8 +2.2
Labour Rehman Chishti 9,320 17.1 -3.1
UKIP Hugo Miller 2,552 4.7 +1.8
Independent Jim Duggan 416 0.8 0.0
People of Horsham First Party Martin Jeremiah 354 0.6 N/A
Majority 12,627 23.2
Turnout 54,495 68.15 3.5
Conservative hold Swing -1.9
General Election 2001: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Francis Maude 26,134 51.5 +0.7
Liberal Democrat Hubert Carr 12,468 24.6 -0.2
Labour Janet Sully 10,267 20.2 +1.5
UKIP Hugo Miller 1,472 2.9 +1.5
Independent Jim Duggan 429 0.8 N/A
Majority 13,666 26.9
Turnout 50,770 63.8 -11.5
Conservative hold Swing +0.5

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Francis Maude 29,015 50.7 -11.5
Liberal Democrat Morwen Millson 14,153 24.8 +2.0
Labour Maureen Walsh 10,691 18.7 +6.8
Referendum Party Robin Grant 2,281 4.0 N/A
UKIP Hugo Miller 819 1.4 N/A
Independent Malcolm Courbould 206 0.4 N/A
Majority 14,862 25.9
Turnout 57,165 75.3
Conservative hold Swing -6.8

This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general elections and thus change in share of vote is based on a notional calculation.

General Election 1992: Horsham[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Hordern 42,210 61.7 -2.0
Liberal Democrat Julie Stainton 17,138 25.0 -0.4
Labour SPP Unwins 6,745 9.9 +1.2
Liberal JA Elliot 1,281 1.9 N/A
Green TJ King 692 1.0 -1.2
Independent JJ Duggan 332 0.5 N/A
Majority 25,072 36.7 −1.6
Turnout 68,398 81.3 +8.8
Conservative hold Swing −0.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Hordern 39,775 63.7 +0.5
SDP–Liberal Alliance (Social Democratic) J Pearce 15,868 25.4 -1.5
Labour Michael Shrimpton 5,435 8.7 +0.4
Green TE Metheringham 1,383 2.2 +0.6
Majority 23,907 38.3
Turnout 62,461 72.5 -2.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Hordern 37,897 63.2
SDP–Liberal Alliance (Social Democratic) G C Archibald 16,112 26.9
Labour Geoffrey Ward 4,999 8.3
Ecology PH Spurrier 925 1.6
Majority 21,785 36.3
Turnout 59,933 74.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections 1945-70[edit]

General Election 1970: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Hordern 41,994 53.65
Labour AJ Edwards 27,706 35.40
Liberal H Gill 8,574 10.95
Majority 14,288 18.25
Turnout 73.99
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Hordern 32,139 45.80
Labour JM Bowyer 26,098 37.19
Liberal OGN Burne 11,930 17.00
Majority 6,041 8.61
Turnout 78.95
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Hordern 32,318 47.39
Labour AE Pegler 22,450 32.92
Liberal OGN Burne 12,570 18.43
Christian Progressive J Lee 865 1.27
Majority 9,868 14.47
Turnout 79.48
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1959: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick Gough 37,275 60.82
Labour AE Pegler 24,012 39.18
Majority 13,263 21.64
Turnout 79.99
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick Gough 28,598 62.60
Labour WA Baker 17,088 37.40
Majority 11,510 25.19
Turnout 76.43
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick Gough 25,204 66.31
Labour RW Kerr 12,803 33.69
Majority 12,401 32.63
Turnout 77.71
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative The Earl Winterton 21,627 56.36
Labour HR Nicholls 11,204 29.20
Liberal Ella Margaret Marchant 5,539 14.44
Majority 10,423 27.16
Turnout 79.78
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1945: Horsham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative The Earl Winterton 21,814 54.96
Labour Augustus Frederick Herbert Lindner 11,664 29.38
Liberal Charles Arthur Wellesley Williamson 6,216 15.66
Majority 10,150 25.57
Turnout 68.40
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Constituency Profile from Electoral Calculus - an opinion poll modelled analysis of seats
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  5. ^ Carter, P. R. N. "Wingfield, Anthony". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29733.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  6. ^  "Baynton, Andrew". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
  9. ^ a b After the 1868 election, petitions were lodged against both candidates and Aldridge chose not to defend his claim so Hurst was declared elected in 1869
  10. ^ "Could UKIP win the Horsham seat at the 2015 general election?". West Sussex County Times. Retrieved 2014-02-14. 
  11. ^ "Father of two launches bid to be Horsham’s next MP". West Sussex County Times. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  12. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Sources[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Caernarvon Boroughs
Constituency represented by the Father of the House
1945–1951
Succeeded by
Antrim North