Horst Böhme, born Johann Friedrich Horst Böhme (* 30. Mai 1908 in Bernau bei Berlin; † 27. Juli 1996 in Arolsen) was a German chemist. He became an expert on mustard gas. During the war he worked from 1943 at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry at Berlin-Dahlem.  After the war he became a professor of chemistry and a rector of the University of Marburg.
^Pathways to Human Experimentation, 1933-1945: Germany, Japan, and the United States by Gerhard Baader, Susan E. Lederer, Morris Low, Florian Schmaltz and Alexander V.Schwerin; Osiris, 2nd Series, Vol. 20, Politics and Science in Wartime: Comparative International Perspectives on the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute (2005), p213.