|Horta International Airport
Aeroporto Internacional da Horta
|IATA: HOR – ICAO: LPHR
– WMO: 08505
|Owner||Government of Portugal|
|Operator||ANA Aeroportos de Portugal|
|Location||Castelo Branco, Faial|
|Elevation AMSL||118 ft / 36 m|
Horta Airport (IATA: HOR, ICAO: LPHR) is an airport located in the parish of Castelo Branco, 9.5 km (5.9 mi) northeast of the center of Horta, on Faial Island in the archipelago of the Azores. The airport was remodeled and reinaugurated in December 2001, in order to serve the islands of the Central Group (Terceira, Graciosa, São Jorge, Pico and Faial), as well as expanded to support domestic connectivity to Lisbon.
It is an important economic tool in the economy of the region, and vital connection to the smaller aerodromes in the outlying islands. Currently, there are plans to expand the runways by 275 m (902 ft), and night time air flight services have been approved.
The airport at Horta was inaugurated on August 24, 1971 by then President Almirante Américo Tomás. On July 5, 1985 TAP Air Portugal initiated direct flights between Horta and Lisbon: the first aircraft was a Boeing 737 named Ponta Delgada.
Along with the airports in Lisbon, Porto, Faro, Flores, Santa Maria, Ponta Delgada and Beja, the airport's concessions to provide support to civil aviation was conceded to ANA Aeroportos de Portugal on 18 December 1998, under provisions of decree 404/98. With this concession, ANA was also provided to the planning, development and construction of future infrastructures.
Following the 2001 renovation, the airport was designated an international airport. Although a seasonal pattern of activity and airline movements occur at this airport, there has been a steady increase in the passenger numbers and cargo transited at Horta Airport.
On the afternoon of 28 July 2011, a refurbished control tower was inaugurated, which permitted the airport to oversee the Central Group, as well as the Western Group of islands (Flores and Corvo). A Wide Area Multilateration (WAM) system was installed in the expanded tower, allowing the supervision of aviation within the airspace, as well as monitoring approaching aircraft to the islands of Pico, São Jorge and Graciosa, in addition to allowing a larger workspace for air traffic controllers. During the inauguration, the administration of the airport also identified plans to install satellite technology that would allow aircraft to land in instances of low cloud cover, or where visibility was poor or non-existent. The installation of these new systems would occur at the two ends of the runway in 2012.
In 2012, the contamination of the gasoline tanks at Horta airport resulted in a deviation from normal flight operations, resulting in flights being refueled on other islands (primarily Lajes Field on Terceira). The contamination of the jet fuel, resulted in delays between Lisbon and Horta, where flights would have to include a stopover on Terceira. A similar situation in 2009, lasting for 20 days resulted in redirected flights to Ponta Delgada (São Miguel) and Vila do Porto (Santa Maria).
Airlines and destinations
|SATA Air Açores||Corvo Island, Flores Island, Ponta Delgada, Terceira|
- AIP Part 3 - AD 2 Aerodromes
- Mello et al. (September–December 2005), p.315
- ANA Aeroportos: Relatório de Gestão e Contas (2011) (PDF), Lisbon, Portugal: ANA Aeroportos de Portugal, SA, 2011, p. 1115, retrieved 2 January 2014
- Melo, Fernando (5 August 2011), Instalado radar na torre de controlo do Aeroporto da Horta (in Portuguese), Horta, Portugal: Tribuna das Ilhas, retrieved 5 September 2011
- Açoriano Oriental (2012)
- Horta LPHR (PDF) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: NAV Portugal, July 2013, retrieved 24 August 2013
- FaxInforme, ed. (10 August 2012), Aviões impedidos de reabastecer na Horta (PDF) (in Portuguese), Ponta Delgada (Azores), Portugal: Açoriano Oriental, retrieved 24 August 2013
- Mello, João Carlos Correia Baptista Soares de; Gomes, Eliane Gonçalves; Gomes, Luiz Flávio Autran Monteiro; Neto, Luiz Biondi; Meza, Lidia Angulo (September–December 2005), "Avaliação do Tamanho de Aeroportos Portuguese com Relações Multicitério de Superação", Pesquisa Operacional (PDF) (in Portuguese) 25 (3 ed.), pp. 313–330, ISSN 1678-5142, retrieved 24 August 2013