Hospet

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Hospet Junction, the railway station in Hospet
Hospet
Hosapete
city
Hospet is located in Karnataka
Hospet
Hospet
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 15°16′00″N 76°24′00″E / 15.2667°N 76.4°E / 15.2667; 76.4Coordinates: 15°16′00″N 76°24′00″E / 15.2667°N 76.4°E / 15.2667; 76.4
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Bellary district
Area
 • Total 50.92 km2 (19.66 sq mi)
Elevation 479 m (1,572 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 206,159
 • Density 4,048.68/km2 (10,486.0/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 583 201
Telephone code 08394
Vehicle registration KA-35

Hospet or Hosapete, is a city in Bellary District in central Karnataka, India. It is on the Tungabhadra River, 12 km from Hampi, the World Heritage site consisting of the ruins of the medieval city of Vijayanagara, former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire.

History[edit]

The city was built by Krishna Deva Raya in 1520 AD, one of the rulers of Vijayanagara in memory of his mother Nagalambika. While the city was named Nagalapura, people referred to the city as Hosa Pete meaning New City. An area between Hampi and Hospet is still called Nagalapura. It was the entrance gate to the city of Vijayanagara for all travelers coming from Goa and West Coast.

One former member of the Member of the Legislative Assembly (India) was H.R.Gaviappa.[1] Center government have approved the request to rename the city in October 2014 and Hospet is renamed (along with other 12 cities) to "Hosapete" on November 1, 2014[2]

About[edit]

Hospet is a town well connected from several important cities in India. Bellary is the closest city from Hospet. Bangalore is eight hours journey on a bus. The city has a well-developed market area. Hospet is a well-known tourist destination mostly because of Hampi which inspires painters, trekkers, hikers and those who enjoy history. Tungabhadra Dam is another asset that makes Hospet a loved tourist destination. Apart from that, Hospet is also pretty famous for its Iron Ore mining and captive steel plants.

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, total population is 206,159. The town has an average literacy rate of 80%. Male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 67%. In Hospet, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in Hospet
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
71%
Muslims
  
25%
Christians
  
3.3%
Others†
  
0.7%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Transport[edit]

Hospet is a gateway town to the Hampi ruins. Most of the long distance state operated buses for Hampi terminate at Hospet bus station (KSRTC bus station). So is the Hospet railway station (station code:HPT). Hospet is well connected with trains plying from cities like Bangalore, Vasco, kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Jodhpur. Nearest commercial airport is at the city of Hubli and MSPL Limited has a private airstrip 20 km from the city.

Tourism[edit]

In contrast to the Hampi ruins site, Hospet offers a range of hotel options. If you expect a reasonable luxury stay (of course with respect to Hampi’s standards), Hospet is the place for you to set the base camp. Most of the hotels are located around the main road that connects the railway station to the bus station. Hospet has a number of ATMs and banks. The nearby Tungabhadra Dam is a popular visitor attraction as well. Apart from Hampi and Tungabhadra dam, Hospet does have many other tourist attractions of significance like daroji Bear Sanctuary, Kannada University.

It has Sri Jambunatha temple built by Hoysalas on the Jambunatha Gudda(hill) at the south of the city. It is said that Jambuvantha from Ramayana came here and deep meditated and established Lord Shiva linga, hence named Sri Jambunatha. Here water flows from the hill which is believed to cures some diseases.

The unique Anantashayana temple of Anantashayana Gudi is located at the eastern fringe of this town, on the way to the Hampi ruins. This temple has been built for Lord Ananthashayana(Lord Vishnu in sleeping position on Adi Sesha). But the idol isn't present. As per story When idol was being transport to the temple the idol got struck and never moved from the place and it got established at Holalu, near Hadagali.

Hospet is located 60 km away from district headquarters Bellary

Hotels in Hospet[edit]

Hospet has some very good 4 and 5 star hotels due to its proximity to the world heritage site Hampi. Some of them are

  • Hotel Mallige(3***)
  • Royal Orchid Central Kireeti(5*****)
  • Hyatt Place(5*****) - 25 km away
  • Vijayashree Heritage Resort & Hotels(5*****)
  • Krishna Palace(3***)
  • Kishkinda Heritage & Resorts(4****)

Industries[edit]

A recent phenomenon in this region has been the boom of the iron-ore mining business. Due to great international demands for iron-ore, particularly from China, there has been considerable mining in this region.

Climate[edit]

Tungabhadra Dam near Hospet

Hospet has a semi arid climate.The town is usually pleasant from July to February. The summer temperature ranges from 23 to 37 degrees c and the winter 12 to 30 degrees Celsius..

Climate data for Hospet
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.0
(96.8)
38.0
(100.4)
41.5
(106.7)
42.7
(108.9)
42.9
(109.2)
41.6
(106.9)
37.0
(98.6)
38.5
(101.3)
37.8
(100)
38.0
(100.4)
35.5
(95.9)
34.0
(93.2)
42.9
(109.2)
Average high °C (°F) 29.8
(85.6)
32.0
(89.6)
35.0
(95)
37.5
(99.5)
36.8
(98.2)
32.8
(91)
30.0
(86)
30.5
(86.9)
30.0
(86)
31.0
(87.8)
29.1
(84.4)
29.0
(84.2)
31.96
(89.52)
Average low °C (°F) 15.3
(59.5)
17.4
(63.3)
21.5
(70.7)
23.8
(74.8)
24.2
(75.6)
22.8
(73)
22.5
(72.5)
22.2
(72)
22.0
(71.6)
21.0
(69.8)
17.9
(64.2)
15.0
(59)
20.47
(68.83)
Record low °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
8.5
(47.3)
10.0
(50)
15.0
(59)
16.0
(60.8)
18.0
(64.4)
18.0
(64.4)
15.0
(59)
14.0
(57.2)
12.0
(53.6)
8.4
(47.1)
8.0
(46.4)
7
(44.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 2.7
(0.106)
3
(0.12)
15
(0.59)
23
(0.91)
61
(2.4)
69
(2.72)
97
(3.82)
108
(4.25)
131
(5.16)
100
(3.94)
44
(1.73)
14
(0.55)
667.7
(26.296)
[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mine lessees slug it out in Vijayanagar". The Hindu. 
  2. ^ New City, Names to Karnatka. "New name for cities". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 November 2014.