Hoshū jugyō kō

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Hoshū jugyō kō (補習授業校), or hoshūkō (補習校)[1] are supplementary Japanese schools located in foreign countries.

The Ministry of Education of Japan, as of 1985, encouraged the opening of hoshū jugyō kō in developed countries while it encouraged the development of Japanese day schools, or nihonjin gakkō, in developing countries. In 1971 there were 22 supplementary Japanese schools worldwide. This increased to 120 by 1987.[2] As of April 15, 2010, there are 201 Japanese supplementary schools in 56 countries.[3]

In North America the hoshūkō are usually operated by the local Japanese communities. They are equivalent to hagwon in ethnic Korean communities and buxiban in ethnic Chinese communities.[4]

List of schools with teachers sent from Japan[edit]

[5]

North American schools with teachers from Japan[edit]

Canadian schools with teachers from Japan[edit]

  • Toronto Japanese School (トロント補習授業校 Toronto Hoshū Jugyō Kō?)
  • Vancouver Japanese School (バンクーバー補習授業校 Bankūbā Hoshū Jugyō Kō?)[6]

United States schools with teachers from Japan[edit]

List of schools without teachers sent from Japan[edit]

[5]

North American schools without teachers sent from Japan[edit]

Canadian schools without teachers sent from Japan[edit]

  • Montreal Hokusho School Inc. (French: École Hoshuko Montréal Inc, Japanese: モントリオール日本語補習校 Montoriōru Nihongo Hoshū Jugyō Kō)[28]

United States schools without teachers sent from Japan[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ishikawa, Kiyoko. Japanese families in the American wonderland: transformation of self-identity and culture. University of Michigan, 1998. p. 221. "It means the JSM, Hoshu-jugyo-ko (its abbreviation is Hoshuko), in Japanese."
  2. ^ Goodman, Roger. "The changing perception and status of kikokushijo." In: Goodman, Roger, Ceri Peach, Ayumi Takenaka, and Paul White (editors). Global Japan: The Experience of Japan's New Immigrant and Overseas Communities. Routledge, June 27, 2005. p. 179. "Official policy (see Monbusho, 1985) was that Nihonjingakko should be set up in developing countries, hoshuko in the developed world."
  3. ^ "English" (Archive). Penang Japanese (Supplementary) Saturday School. Retrieved on June 22, 2014.
  4. ^ Hirvela, Alan. "Diverse Literacy Practices among Asian Populations: Implications for Theory and Pedagogy" (Chapter 5). In: Farr, Marcia, Lisya Seloni, and Juyoung Song (editors). Ethnolinguistic Diversity and Education: Language, Literacy and Culture. Routledge, January 25, 2011. Start page 99. ISBN 1135183708, 9781135183707. - Cited: p. 103. "These, too, exist as a result of efforts made by local ethnic communities. Chinese (buxiban) and Korean (hagwon) schools are the most dominant of these learning environments, while Japanese heritage schools (hoshuko) also exist in certain communities." and "Japanese schools, like the Chinese schools, are usually community-based."
  5. ^ a b "北米の補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在)." (Archive) MEXT. Retrieved on May 5, 2014.
  6. ^ http://www.vjschool.net/
  7. ^ a b c "補習授業校" (Archive). Consulate-General of Japan in Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 30, 2014.
  8. ^ "About San Francisco Japanese School." San Francisco Japanese School. Retrieved on February 23, 2014.
  9. ^ http://www.miamihoshuko.org/
  10. ^ "学校所在地." Georgia Japanese School. Retrieved on March 30, 2014.
  11. ^ http://www.hjschl.org/Japanese/Alumni/default.aspx
  12. ^ "Map" (Archive). Town of Garrett Park. Retrieved on April 30, 2014.
  13. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: North Bethesda CDP, MD" (Archive). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on April 30, 2014.
  14. ^ "English." Washington Japanese Language School. Retrieved on April 30, 2014. "Washington Japanese Language School c/o Holy Cross Church, Quinn Hall, 4900 Strathmore Avenue, Garrett Park, MD 20896"
  15. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20140330104328/https://sites.google.com/a/jlsboston.org/ensite/shozaichi---renraku-saki
  16. ^ "入学のご案内 entrance." Japanese Weekend School of New Jersey. Retrieved on July 7, 2013. "Japanese Weekend School of NJ ニュージャージー補習授業校事務所 2 Executive Drive, Suite 660, Fort Lee, NJ 07024"
  17. ^ "補習校事務所." Japanese Weekend School of New York. Retrieved on July 8, 2013.
  18. ^ "LI校." Japanese Weekend School of New York. Retrieved on July 8, 2013.
  19. ^ "ウエストチェスター校." Japanese Weekend School of New York. Retrieved on July 8, 2013.
  20. ^ "Directions." Japanese Language School of Philadelphia. Retrieved on March 30, 2014.
  21. ^ "北米の補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在)." (Archive) MEXT. Retrieved on May 5, 2014. "c/o Shady Side Academy Middle School, 500 Squaw Run Road East, Pittsburgh, PA 15238,U.S.A"
  22. ^ "Zoning Map" (Archive). Borough of Fox Chapel. Retrieved on May 6, 2014.
  23. ^ "事務所." Japanese Supplementary School in Middle Tennessee. Retrieved on March 30, 2014.
  24. ^ "City of Farmers Branch District Zoning Map" (Archive). City of Farmers Branch. Adopted February 24, 1969. Updated March 2013. Retrieved on April 30, 2014.
  25. ^ "学校紹介." Japanese School of Dallas. Retrieved on March 30, 2014. "学校所在地 JAPANESE SCHOOL OF DALLAS C/O TED POLK MIDDLE SCHOOL 2001 KELLY BLVD. CARROLLTON, TEXAS 75006" and "事務局所在地 JAPANESE SCHOOL OF DALLAS 4100 ALPHA RD. SUITE 917 DALLAS, TEXAS 75244"
  26. ^ Home page. Japanese Language Supplementary School of Houston. Retrieved on March 30, 2014.
  27. ^ Home page. Seattle Japanese School. Retrieved on March 30, 2014.
  28. ^ http://mtljpschool.web.fc2.com/
  29. ^ a b c "shisetsulist.html." (Archive). Consulate-General of Japan in Atlanta. Retrieved on May 11, 2014.
  30. ^ "About Birmingham Supplementary School" (Archive). Birmingham Supplementary School. Retrieved on May 11, 2014. "Mailing Address 1800 Honda Drive Lincoln, AL 35096 c/o Honda Manufacturing of Alabama, LLC" and "Facility Jefferson State Community College, Shelby Campus 4600 Valleydale Road Birmingham, AL 35242 " Japanese page: "学校の概要" (Archive).
  31. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Hoover city, AL." (Archive). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 11, 2014.
  32. ^ "Street Map" (Archive). City of Webster Groves. Retrieved on May 14, 2014.
  33. ^ "English" (Archive). St. Louis Japanese School. Retrieved on May 13, 2014. "Location: Sverdrup Business/Technology Complex at Webster University 8300 Big Bend Blvd St. Louis MO 63119"
  34. ^ Home. Las Vegas Gakuen. Retrieved on March 30, 2014.
  35. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Wade Hampton CDP, SC" (Archive). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 11, 2014.
  36. ^ "GSSへのDirection" (Archive). Greenville Saturday School. Retrieved on May 11, 2014.