|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2010)|
|Nickname(s): Land Of Saints|
|Founded by||Hoshiar Khan of Bajwara|
|• Body||Municipal Corporation Hoshiarpur|
|• Total||3,386 km2 (1,307 sq mi)|
|Elevation||296 m (971 ft)|
|Population (2011/ population_total = 15,86,625)|
|• Density||469/km2 (1,210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Hoshiarpur pronunciation (help·info)(Punjabi: ਹੁਸ਼ਿਆਰਪੁਰ) is a city and a municipal corporation in Hoshiarpur district in the Indian state of Punjab. It was founded, according to tradition, during the early part of the fourth century. In 1809 it was occupied by the forces of Maharaja Karanvir Singh and was united into the greater state of Punjab.
Hoshiarpur is located at  It has an average elevation of 296 metres (971 ft). Hoshiarpur district is located in the north-east part of the Indian state of Punjab. It falls in the Jalandhar Revenue Division and is situated in the Bist Doab portion of the Doaba region. Hoshiarpur shares a common boundary with Kangra district, and Una district of Himachal Pradesh in the northeast. In the southwest, it borders Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district, Jalandhar district, and Kapurthala district, and in the northwest it borders Gurdaspur district..
As per provisional data of 2011 census Hoshiarpur had a population of 168,443, out of which males were 88,290 and females were 80,153. The literacy rate was 89.11 per cent.
As of 2011[update] India census, Hoshiarpur had a population of 1,582,793. Males constitute 50.9% of the population and females 49.1%. Hoshiarpur has an average literacy rate of 85.40%, compared to 81.00% of 2001, is the most literate district of Punjab. Male literacy is 89.90%, and female literacy is 80.80%. In Hoshiarpur, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- Females per 1,000 males: 962
- Density of population ( per km².): 466
- Percentage increase in population (2001–2011): 6.85%
- Proportion of Punjab population: 5.71%
- Child sex ratio (0–6 Age): 859
Hoshiarpur is called the land of "choes", some 39 "choes", (seasonal rivulets), which bring floods in the monsoon season. The area is known for wooden and ivory handicrafts. Ivory has now been replaced by synthetic alternatives. It is situated in the Sivalik Hills, which are foothills of the Himalayas. Hoshiarpur is also known as doors to Himachal and Himalayas and is best short cut to go to Jammu & Kashmir via Hoshiarpur it saves a lot of time as well as fuel.
The city of Hoshiarpur has a mild climate due to the abundance of hilly terrain and the sizeable forest cover. Temperatures drop as low as 5oC in the winter.
The pattern of seasons in the district is similar to that of other districts in Punjab, except slight variations at the terminals. The year is be divided into three main seasons. The summer season begins in April, and lasts until the end of July. The rainy season starts in the beginning of July and lasts until the end of September. The winter season starts when rains are over in October, and lasts until the end of March. May and June are the hottest months of the year in Hoshiarpur (during which time the temperature can rise over 45 °C).
The local climate here is suitable for citrus fruit cultivation, and a large area is dedicated to this crop. Hoshiarpur has always been known for the distinctive variety of mangoes (as is referred in this popular Punjabi song, "Ambiyaan nu tarsengi chadd ke des doaba").
The total avg. rain falls in disst. is 1125 mm .Broadly speaking 75 percent of the rainfall is experienced in the period July to September, Whereas 15 Percent rainfall is experienced in the winter months of January and February are under the influence of western disturbances in the Persion Gulf. Hail storms may occur in the closing period of winter when there is quite a sizeable damage to fruit crops, especially the mango fruit for which this distinct is quite renowned in the State. India has a different season called monsoon where rain will fall most of the time.
How to reach Hoshiarpur
One can visit Hoshiarpur through various means of transport.
Hoshiarpur's Bus Stand is Bhagwan Valmiki Interstate Bus Terminal, which has a large network of bus services of Punjab, Himachal, Delhi, Haryana, PEPSU, Chandigarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators.
Hoshiarpur Railway Station is placed in “Ferozepur Division Northern Railway”. It is connected with direct trains to Jalandhar, Amritsar, Ferozepur, Delhi.
- Guru Ravidas Ayurved University, Hoshiarpur
- S.D. College, Hoshiarpur
- Vishveshvaranand Vishwa Bandhu Institute of Sanskrit and Indological Studies,sadhu ashram hoshiarpur
- Pt. Jagat Ram Government Polytechnic College, Jalandhar Road, Hoshiarpur
- D.A.V. College, Chandigarh Road, Hoshiarpur
- D.A.V. College of Education, Arya Samaj Road, Hoshiarpur
- Saini Bar College Bulhowal at Khadiala Sainian
- Government College, Hoshiarpur was home to part of the Panjab University for a short duration after partition, until its relocation. Manmohan Singh, the Prime Minister of India, is an alumnus.
- Swami Sarvanand Giri Panjab University Regional Centre offers Engineering degrees(CSE,ECE,Mech,IT), M.C.A degrees, LL.B, and B.A LL.B.
- Sri Guru Gobind Singh Khalsa College, Mahilpur
- Guru Nanak Institute of Technology, Dallewal
- The town is home to the Vishveshvaranand Institute of Sanskrit and Indological Studies (VSIS), at Sadhu Ashram on Hoshiarpur Una road.
- Rayat-Bahra Education City, Hoshiarpur has Engineering, Pharmacy and Law colleges. Rayat-Bahra Institute of Engineering and Nanotechnology; Rayat-Bahra College of Engineering and Nano-technology for Women; Rayat-Bahra Institute of Pharmacy,rayat bahra college of nursing.
- Shri Guru Ram Dass College of Nursing
- Government Polytechnic, Government I.T.I. institute and G.E.S Polytechnic college provide various trades and vocational level courses.
- Hoshiarpur's first professional college is Hoshiarpur institute of Management And Technology (HIMT) situated near vill Baghpur at Dasuya Road.
- Kalams Institute of Technology(KITINDIA)Near Bus Stand Chowk.
- S.B.C.M.S. Polytechnic Attalgarh Mukerian Distt Hoshiarpur
- Other schools
- St. Joseph's Convent School, Chandigarh Road
- Ch. Balbir Singh Sr. Secondary School, Hoshiarpur
- Marigold Public School, Tagore Nagar, Hoshiarpur . www.marigoldpublicschool.com phone:- 01882-252703
- Mount Carmel Senior Secondary School, Dasuya Road, Kakkon
- G.M.A City Public School, Singriwala
- Lajpat rai sr.sec. school, college road, Hoshiarpur.
- Toodlers Home Study Hall, Model Town Hoshiarpur...
- St. R.N.A's Gurukul, Shivalik Avenue, Hoshiarpur
- G.M.A City Public School, Chandigarh Road, Chabbewal
- D.A.V. Sr. Sec. School, Arya Samaj Road, Hoshiarpur.
- St. Paul's Convent school, dasuya
- St. Soldier Divine Public School, Una Road
- GEMS Cambridge International School, Bypass Road, Singriwala
- Takshila School, Dasuya Road
- Woodlands Overseas School, Dasuya Road
- Sri Guru Harkrishan Sr. Sec School,Pandori Khajoor
- Sri Guru Harkrishan Public School, Model Town, Hoshiarpur
- Moon Light Modern School,Dashmesh Nagar,Hoshiarpur
- NICE Computers, Mall Road, Hoshiarpur
- SIR MARSHAL INSTITUTIONS (PB) Sir Marshal sports School Bains Awan, Sir Marshal Convent School, Bhaliala (C.B.S.E Affiliated),
- Sir Marshal Convent School Nainowal Vaid(Tanda Hoshiarpur Road)
- Harnam Singh Saini, an Indian revolutionary
- Giani Zail Singh was elected from Hoshiarpur in 1980. After that he became Union Home Minister and later the President of India in 1982.
- Avinash Rai Khanna a Bharatiya Janata Party leader
- Ambika Soni M.P. belongs to bajwara in Hoshiarpur.
- Kanshi Ram founder of Bahujan Samaj Party
- Jagjit Singh Chauhan founder of Khalsa Raj Party
- Mayawati contested M.P. election from Hoshiarpur Bahujan Samaj Party
Arts and culture
- Simran Kaur Mundi an Actress in Cinema of Punjab from village Mundian Jattan
- Yo Yo Honey Singh famous Punjabi Rapper from Delhi also belongs to Hoshiarpur.
- Monica Bedi an Actress in Cinema of Punjab from village Chabbewal
- Piara Singh Gill, nuclear physicist
- Kulwinder Dhillon singer from Mahilpur
- Amar Singh Shaunki well known Dhadi singer
- Hard Kaur Indian rapper
- Soni Pabla, belongs to Bilaspur village, Hoshiarpur District
- Dr. D. P. Singh a well-known science populariser and environmental activist of Punjab.
- Satinder Sartaaj famous Singer also belongs to Hoshiarpur Distt.
- Dr.Ganda Singh a prolific Punjabi historian
- Debi Makhsoospuri belongs to Makhsoospur Village near Kotfatuhi of Distt Hoshiarpur.
- Deepak Thakur a famous Hockey Player from Bhamowal, Hoshiarpur.
- Intikhab Alam a famous Cricketer.
- Manmohan Waris belongs to Mahilpur of distt Hoshiarpur.
- Harbanse Singh Doman belongs to the Hoshirarpur
- Ustad Amanat Ali Khan Famous Pakistani Classic and Ghazal Singer was born in Hoshiarpur
- Habib Jalib Pakistani revolutionary poet and left wing politician born on 24 March 1928 in a village near Hoshiarpur.
- (upasna singh Graet actor in bollywood and great comedian.Born at tanda hoshiarpur.
- (Vipan Sharma from jahan Khelan Manager in Toyota Company. born at jahan Khelan.
- 51st Sikhs (Frontier Force), Hoshiarpur
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Hoshiarpur
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "State-wise, District-wise List of Blocks with >40% but less than 50% SC population". Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Jat Sikhs: A Question of Identity". Retrieved 12 July 2012.