|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2010)|
Land Of Saints
|Settled by British||1846 A.D.|
|Founded In||1325-1351 A.D.|
|Founded by||Hargovind Ram & Ram Chand|
|Named for||Hoshiar Khan Of Bajwara|
|• Body||Municipal Corporation Hoshiarpur|
|• Land||480 km2 (190 sq mi)|
|Elevation||296 m (971 ft)|
|• Density||396/km2 (1,030/sq mi)|
|• Official||Punjabi, Hindi, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Hoshiarpur pronunciation (help·info) is a city and a municipal corporation in Hoshiarpur district in the Indian state of Punjab. It was founded, according to tradition, during the early part of the fourth century. In 1809 it was occupied by the forces of Maharaja Karanvir Singh and was united into the greater state of Punjab.
Hoshiarpur has an average elevation of 296 metres (971 ft). Hoshiarpur district is located in the north-east part of the Indian state of Punjab. It falls in the Jalandhar Revenue Division and is situated in the Bist Doab portion of the Doaba region. Hoshiarpur shares a boundary with Kangra district, and Una district of Himachal Pradesh in the northeast. In the southwest, it borders Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district, Jalandhar district, and Kapurthala district, and in the northwest it borders Gurdaspur district.
- 1 Demographics
- 2 Description
- 3 History
- 4 Climate
- 5 How to reach Hoshiarpur
- 6 Education
- 7 Religious Temples
- 8 Notable people from Hoshiarpur
- 9 Hotels
- 10 References
- 11 External links
As per provisional data of 2011 census Hoshiarpur had a population of 189,731 out of which males were 99267 and females were 90044 The literacy rate was 84.6 per cent.
As of 2011[update] India census, Hoshiarpur had a population of 189,371. Males constitute 50.9% of the population and females 49.1%. Hoshiarpur has an average literacy rate of 85.40%, compared to 81.00% of 2001. Male literacy is 89.90%, and female literacy is 80.80%. In Hoshiarpur, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- Females per 1,000 males: 962
- Density of population ( per km².): 396
- Percentage increase in population (2001–2011): 7.1%
- Child sex ratio (0–6 Age): 859
Hoshiarpur is called the land of Saints, land of "choes", some 39 "choes", (seasonal rivulets), which bring floods in the monsoon season. The area is known for wooden and ivory handicrafts. Ivory has now been replaced by synthetic alternatives. It is situated in the Shivalik Hills, which are foothills of the Himalayas. Hoshiarpur is also known as doors to Himachal and Himalayas and is best short cut to go to Jammu & Kashmir via Hoshiarpur it saves a lot of time as well as fuel. Hoshiarpur is the 10th most literate city of India. Manmohan Singh, former Prime Minister of India, is an alumnus of Government College, Hoshiarpur, which was part of the Panjab University for a short duration after partition, until its relocation.
The legends associate several places in the district with pandavas. Dasua is mentioned in epic of Mahabharata as the seat of Raja Virata in whose services the Pandavas remained for thirteen years during their exile. Bham, about 11 km west of Mahalpur is said to be the place where the Pandavas passed their exile. Lasara, about 19 km north Jaijon, also contains a stone temple stated to date back to the time of Pandavas. According to the Chinese pilgrim, Hieun Tsang, the area of Hoshiarpur was dominated by a tribe of saini people(Chandrabansi Rajputs), who maintained an independent existence for centuries before the Muhammadan conquest. Saini people fight with Muslim to save there mother land. Most of the villages in hoshiarpur are of saini caste. Saini people are known for there bravery and patriotism.Saini are mostly found in army and police.saini do farming also,before independence most of the land of hoshiarpur belong to saini people. Saini people are the ascendant of pandavas. Lord Krishna army was full of saini people. Patriotism is in the blood. Of saini caste. In the Hoshiarpur District, Shiwaliks from Talwara on the Beas to Rupnagar on the Satluj have revealed the presence of Acheolian and Soanian cultures. From the shiwalik frontal range in the Hoshiarpur District, sixteen sites have been reported to have yielded stone Age tools. Out of these, besides the Soanian tools, these sited in Hoshiarpur District have yielded Acheolian assemblage.
The Atbarapur group has yielded a large number of Stone Age tools. This group consisting of Atbarapur, Rehamanpur and Takhni close to the dry beds of the Ghos are located at the foothills of the Shiwaliks, about 8 km north-east from the town of Hariana, Atbarapur has yielded 80 tools consisting of 9 handaxes, 19 cleavers, 17 pebble-tools, 28 flakes and 7 cores/core choppers. All the tools in the collection are either on flakes or cores. The raw material is quartzite of varying colours, viz. Green, blue, brown, etc. The tools are fashioned mainly out of fine to medium grained quartzite. In the recent archaeological excavations, some fine pieces of sculptures of Gandhara dating back to 1000 AD and after have been discovered hare. A list of stone tools yielding sited explored by the Department of Archaeological, Punjab is given in Appendix-1 at the end of the chapter.
The archaeological explorations made during the recent years have revealed the antiquity of the Hoshiarpur District to the Harappan Period. On the basis of surface exploration, the following new sited have been brought on the Archaeological map of India and the traces of the selfsame people as at Harappa and Mohenjadaro have also been detected in the Hoshiarpur District 
The city of Hoshiarpur has a mild climate due to the abundance of hilly terrain and the sizeable forest cover. Temperatures drop as low as 5 °C in the winter.
The pattern of seasons in the district is similar to that of other districts in Punjab, except slight variations at the terminals. The year is be divided into three main seasons. The summer season begins in April, and lasts until the end of July. The rainy season starts in the beginning of July and lasts until the end of September. The winter season starts when rains are over in October, and lasts until the end of March. May and June are the hottest months of the year in Hoshiarpur (during which time the temperature can rise over 45 °C).
The local climate here is suitable for citrus fruit cultivation, and a large area is dedicated to this crop. Hoshiarpur has always been known for the distinctive variety of mangoes (as is referred in this popular Punjabi song, "Ambiyaan nu tarsengi chadd ke des doaba").
The total avg. rain falls in disst. is 1125 mm .Broadly speaking 75 percent of the rainfall is experienced in the period July to September, Whereas 15 Percent rainfall is experienced in the winter months of January and February are under the influence of western disturbances in the Persion Gulf. Hail storms may occur in the closing period of winter when there is quite a sizeable damage to fruit crops, especially the mango fruit for which this distinct is quite renowned in the State. India has a different season called monsoon where rain will fall most of the time.
How to reach Hoshiarpur
One can visit Hoshiarpur through various means of transport.
Hoshiarpur's Bus Stand is Bhagwan Valmiki Interstate Bus Terminal, which has a large network of bus services of Punjab Roadways, Himachal Roadways, Delhi, Haryana Roadways, P.R.T.C, Chandigarh Transport Undertaking, Jammu & Kashmir Roadways, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators.
Hoshiarpur Railway Station is placed in “Ferozepur Division Northern Railway”. It is connected with direct trains to Jalandhar, Amritsar, Ferozepur, Delhi.
The nearest major airport is Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport, Amritsar. This airport has international and domestic flights and is 108 km from the Hoshiarpur city.
- Guru Ravidas Ayurved University, Hoshiarpur
- Swami Sarvanand Giri Panjab University Regional Centre offers Engineering degrees(CSE,ECE,Mech,IT), M.C.A degrees, LL.B, and B.A LL.B.
- Gurudwara Singh Sabha Railway Road, Hoshiarpur
- Mata Da Mandir (Bhagat Kesho Ram) Nai Abadi.
- Gurudwara Harian Bellan.
- Dera Baba Pir Maddi Shah.
- Dera Baba Hakuk Shah.
Notable people from Hoshiarpur
This list only includes notable people from Hoshiarpur City, for those born in Hoshiarpur district see that article.
- Mangu Ram Mugowalia, prominent Ghadar Party leader and Freedom Fighter
- Harnam Singh Saini, an Indian revolutionary
- Giani Zail Singh was elected from Hoshiarpur in 1980. After that he became Union Home Minister and later the President of India in 1982.
- Kanshi Ram founder of Bahujan Samaj Party won election from hoshiarpur in Indian general election, 1996
- Avinash Rai Khanna a Bharatiya Janata Party leader
- Santosh Chowdhary ex-MP Congress.
- Mayawati incontested M.P. election from Hoshiarpur Indian general election, 1989
- Ambika Soni M.P. belongs to bajwara in Hoshiarpur.
- Jagjit Singh Chauhan founder of Khalsa Raj Party
- Vijay Sampla, (Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment) MP from Hoshiarpur is actually from Jalandhar city. (born at Sofi Village, Jalandhar district)
Arts and Culture
- Bhai Sahib Singh one of the Panj Pyare
- Gauri Khan (born Gauri Chhibber) belongs to Hoshiarpur and raised up in Delhi.
- Simran Kaur Mundi a Punjabi film actress is from village Mundian Jattan
- Yo Yo Honey Singh famous Punjabi Rapper from Delhi was born in Hoshiarpur.
- Monica Bedi a famous Punjabi actress is from village Chabbewal
- Piara Singh Gill, nuclear physicist
- Kulwinder Dhillon singer from Mahilpur
- Amar Singh Shaunki Dhadi singer
- Hard Kaur Indian rapper
- Soni Pabla, belongs to Bilaspur village, Hoshiarpur District
- D. P. Singh a science populariser and environmental activist of Punjab.
- Satinder Sartaaj famous Singer also belongs to Hoshiarpur Distt.(village Chabbewal)
- Dr.Ganda Singh a prolific Punjabi historian
- Debi Makhsoospuri belongs to Makhsoospur Village near Kotfatuhi of Distt Hoshiarpur.
- Intikhab Alam cricketer.
- Harbanse Singh Doman belongs to the Hoshirarpur
- Ustad Amanat Ali Khan Pakistani Classic and Ghazal Singer was born in Hoshiarpur
- Habib Jalib Pakistani revolutionary poet and left wing politician born on 24 March 1928 in a village near Hoshiarpur.
- Upasana Singh actress in Bollywood and great comedian in TV was Born at Tanda.
- Tufail Mohammad of Punjab Regiment (Pakistan), Recipient of Nishan-e-Haider
- Fazal Din of 7th Battalion 10th Baluch Regiment, British Indian Army, recipient of Victoria Cross.
- Hotel Amber Residency Tanda Chowk, Hoshiarpur
- Hotel Presidency,Near Model Town, Hoshiarpur
- The Epicure's, City Centre, Hoshiarpur
- Domino's Pizza, City Centre, Hoshiarpur
- Subway, Mall Road, Hoshiarpur
- Narang cafeteria ,Court Road, Nr. Green View Park, Hoshiarpur
- Kirat's Chinese Cuisine, City Center, Model Town, Hoshiarpur
- SV Foods ,City Center, Hoshiarpur
- Pizza Haute Jalandhar Road, Hoshiarpur
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "State-wise, District-wise List of Blocks with >40% but less than 50% SC population". Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Jat Sikhs: A Question of Identity". Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- http://www.pepsurtc.gov.in/AboutUS.htm. Missing or empty
- "THE GREAT REVOLUTIONARY BABU MANGU RAM MUGOWALIA".
- http://www.dailymail.co.uk/indiahome/indianews/article-2636564/SRK-buys-two-miniplexes-wife-Gauris-hometown.html. Missing or empty