Hoshiarpur

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This article is about the municipal corporation in Punjab, India. For its namesake district, see Hoshiarpur district.
Hoshiarpur

ਹੁਸ਼ਿਆਰਪੁਰ

होशियारपुर
City
Landmarks Of Hoshiarpur
Nickname(s):
Land Of Saints
HSP
Punjab
Hoshiarpur
Hoshiarpur
Location of Hoshiarpur City in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 31°32′N 75°55′E / 31.53°N 75.92°E / 31.53; 75.92Coordinates: 31°32′N 75°55′E / 31.53°N 75.92°E / 31.53; 75.92
Country  India
State Punjab
Region North India
District Hoshiarpur
Settled by British 1846 A.D.
Founded In 1325-1351 A.D.
Founded by Hargovind Ram & Ram Chand
Named for Hoshiar Khan Of Bajwara
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body Municipal Corporation Hoshiarpur
Area
 • Land 480 km2 (190 sq mi)
Elevation 296 m (971 ft)
Population
 • Total 189,371
 • Density 396/km2 (1,030/sq mi)
Demonym Hoshiarpuria, Hoshiarpuri
Languages
 • Official Punjabi, Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 146001
Area code(s) +91-1882
Vehicle registration PB07
Website http://www.mchoshiarpur.org/

Hoshiarpur About this sound pronunciation (Punjabi: ਹੁਸ਼ਿਆਰਪੁਰ) is a city and a municipal corporation in Hoshiarpur district in the Indian state of Punjab. It was founded, according to tradition, during the early part of the fourth century. In 1809 it was occupied by the forces of Maharaja Karanvir Singh and was united into the greater state of Punjab[citation needed].

Hoshiarpur has an average elevation of 296 metres (971 ft). Hoshiarpur district is located in the north-east part of the Indian state of Punjab. It falls in the Jalandhar Revenue Division and is situated in the Bist Doab portion of the Doaba region. Hoshiarpur shares a boundary with Kangra district, and Una district of Himachal Pradesh in the northeast. In the southwest, it borders Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district, Jalandhar district, and Kapurthala district, and in the northwest it borders Gurdaspur district.

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census Hoshiarpur had a population of 189,731 out of which males were 99267 and females were 90044 The literacy rate was 84.6 per cent.[1]


As of 2011 India census,[2] Hoshiarpur had a population of 189,371. Males constitute 50.9% of the population and females 49.1%. Hoshiarpur has an average literacy rate of 85.40%, compared to 81.00% of 2001. Male literacy is 89.90%, and female literacy is 80.80%. In Hoshiarpur, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

  • Females per 1,000 males: 962
  • Density of population ( per km².): 396
  • Percentage increase in population (2001–2011): 7.1%
  • Child sex ratio (0–6 Age): 859

The Scheduled Caste population in this district is 34.3%[3][4]

Description[edit]

Hoshiarpur is called the land of Saints, land of "choes", some 39 "choes", (seasonal rivulets), which bring floods in the monsoon season. The area is known for wooden and ivory handicrafts. Ivory has now been replaced by synthetic alternatives. It is situated in the Shivalik Hills, which are foothills of the Himalayas. Hoshiarpur is also known as doors to Himachal and Himalayas and is best short cut to go to Jammu & Kashmir via Hoshiarpur it saves a lot of time as well as fuel. Hoshiarpur is the 10th most literate city of India. Manmohan Singh, former Prime Minister of India, is an alumnus of Government College, Hoshiarpur, which was part of the Panjab University for a short duration after partition, until its relocation.

History[edit]

The legends associate several places in the district with pandavas. Dasua is mentioned in epic of Mahabharata as the seat of Raja Virata in whose services the Pandavas remained for thirteen years during their exile. Bham, about 11 km west of Mahalpur is said to be the place where the Pandavas passed their exile. Lasara, about 19 km north Jaijon, also contains a stone temple stated to date back to the time of Pandavas. According to the Chinese pilgrim, Hieun Tsang, the area of Hoshiarpur was dominated by a tribe of saini people(Chandrabansi Rajputs), who maintained an independent existence for centuries before the Muhammadan conquest. Saini people fight with Muslim to save there mother land. Most of the villages in hoshiarpur are of saini caste. Saini people are known for there bravery and patriotism.Saini are mostly found in army and police.saini do farming also,before independence most of the land of hoshiarpur belong to saini people. Saini people are the ascendant of pandavas. Lord Krishna army was full of saini people. Patriotism is in the blood. Of saini caste. In the Hoshiarpur District, Shiwaliks from Talwara on the Beas to Rupnagar on the Satluj have revealed the presence of Acheolian and Soanian cultures. From the shiwalik frontal range in the Hoshiarpur District, sixteen sites have been reported to have yielded stone Age tools. Out of these, besides the Soanian tools, these sited in Hoshiarpur District have yielded Acheolian assemblage.

The Atbarapur group has yielded a large number of Stone Age tools. This group consisting of Atbarapur, Rehamanpur and Takhni close to the dry beds of the Ghos are located at the foothills of the Shiwaliks, about 8 km north-east from the town of Hariana, Atbarapur has yielded 80 tools consisting of 9 handaxes, 19 cleavers, 17 pebble-tools, 28 flakes and 7 cores/core choppers. All the tools in the collection are either on flakes or cores. The raw material is quartzite of varying colours, viz. Green, blue, brown, etc. The tools are fashioned mainly out of fine to medium grained quartzite. In the recent archaeological excavations, some fine pieces of sculptures of Gandhara dating back to 1000 AD and after have been discovered hare. A list of stone tools yielding sited explored by the Department of Archaeological, Punjab is given in Appendix-1 at the end of the chapter.

The archaeological explorations made during the recent years have revealed the antiquity of the Hoshiarpur District to the Harappan Period. On the basis of surface exploration, the following new sited have been brought on the Archaeological map of India and the traces of the selfsame people as at Harappa and Mohenjadaro have also been detected in the Hoshiarpur District [5]

Climate[edit]

The city of Hoshiarpur has a mild climate due to the abundance of hilly terrain and the sizeable forest cover. Temperatures drop as low as 5 °C in the winter.

The pattern of seasons in the district is similar to that of other districts in Punjab, except slight variations at the terminals. The year is be divided into three main seasons. The summer season begins in April, and lasts until the end of July. The rainy season starts in the beginning of July and lasts until the end of September. The winter season starts when rains are over in October, and lasts until the end of March. May and June are the hottest months of the year in Hoshiarpur (during which time the temperature can rise over 45 °C).

The local climate here is suitable for citrus fruit cultivation, and a large area is dedicated to this crop. Hoshiarpur has always been known for the distinctive variety of mangoes (as is referred in this popular Punjabi song, "Ambiyaan nu tarsengi chadd ke des doaba").

Rainfall[edit]

The total avg. rain falls in disst. is 1125 mm .Broadly speaking 75 percent of the rainfall is experienced in the period July to September, Whereas 15 Percent rainfall is experienced in the winter months of January and February are under the influence of western disturbances in the Persion Gulf. Hail storms may occur in the closing period of winter when there is quite a sizeable damage to fruit crops, especially the mango fruit for which this distinct is quite renowned in the State. India has a different season called monsoon where rain will fall most of the time.

How to reach Hoshiarpur[edit]

One can visit Hoshiarpur through various means of transport.

By road[edit]

Bhagwan Valmiki ISBT

Hoshiarpur's Bus Stand is Bhagwan Valmiki Interstate Bus Terminal, which has a large network of bus services of Punjab Roadways, Himachal Roadways, Delhi, Haryana Roadways, P.R.T.C,[6] Chandigarh Transport Undertaking, Jammu & Kashmir Roadways, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators.

By rail[edit]

Hoshiarpur Railway Station is placed in “Ferozepur Division Northern Railway”. It is connected with direct trains to Jalandhar, Amritsar, Ferozepur, Delhi.

By air[edit]

The nearest major airport is Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport, Amritsar. This airport has international and domestic flights and is 108 km from the Hoshiarpur city.

University[edit]

Panjab University Regional Centre
Hoshiarpur Archaeological Museum

Notable people from Hoshiarpur[edit]

Politics[edit]

Religious[edit]

Arts and culture[edit]

Monica Bedi is from the city

Army[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]