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"Hospital pass" is a term used in several football codes to describe a pass that subjects the recipient to heavy contact, usually unavoidable, from an opposing player. The term may be applied to passes between team-mates in several sports including rugby league, rugby union, Australian rules football, and American football — and is now widely used metaphorically.
Rugby league and rugby union
A hospital pass is usually made in an attempt to avoid being tackled. The pass is often made under pressure and without considering the situation of the receiver, who is often stationary and thus presents an easy target. Alternatively, the passer is under little pressure but misreads the play and passes to a player who is already heavily marked and has little time to avoid contact.
Australian rules football
To be considered a hospital pass, the ball is passed with minimal accuracy or timing and likely to result in injury to the receiver due to heavy contact. Hospital passes are typically made by handballing or kicking the ball towards a team-mate in a high, looping trajectory or very slowly across the ground. This can enable opponents to contest for possession, resulting in heavy contact that is often, but not always, legitimate. The high, lobbed pass is considered particularly undesirable, because it gives opponents the chance to make very strong tackles.
A "hospital pass" in American football is a pass thrown high to a receiver, generally one that is running sideways rather than running downfield. The receiver is forced to jump while running at full speed to catch the ball. A defender coming the other way, attempting to tackle the receiver, can cause a collision where both players are moving at full speed and the receiver is unable to move out of the way.
- Cricket: "...when Steve Waugh...handed over the captaincy to Ricky Ponting, he sent down one of sport's great hospital passes."
- Business: "Fyfe denies he was thrown "hospital pass"
- Politics: "The big Brown hospital pass..."
- Mike Selvey (2010-12-04). "The Ashes 2010: Ricky Ponting's bowlers stumble in footsteps of giants". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- Daniels, Chris (21 October 2005). "Fyfe denies he was thrown 'hospital pass'". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- "The big Brown hospital pass", managementtoday.co.uk