|Secretary-General of the National Democratic Party|
5 February 2011 – 11 February 2011
|Preceded by||Safwat al-Sherif|
|Political party||Union Party|
|Egypt Revival Party
National Democratic Party
|Alma mater||Cairo University|
Hossam Badrawi (Arabic: حسام بدراوى) is an Egyptian physician and politician, who strives to promote innovation and creativity among the engagement of both the teachers and the students. Badrawi owns the well-known Nile Badrawi Hospital in Cairo’s Maadi district. He is also the founder and the chairman of the Egyptian National Democratic Party.
Hossam Badrawi graduated from Cairo University Kasr ElAini, faculty of medicine with an honours degree in 1974. He went to Wayne State University-Detroit-Michigan between 1979 and 1983, where he obtained his graduate studies in the use of scanning electron microscopy. Badrawi then completed his post graduate studies at North Western University, and fulfilled graduate studies in Curricula and study programs’ methodologies and development. In 2007, Prof. Badrawi obtained his PhD in science from Sunderland University in the United Kingdom, for outstanding work in higher education reform in the Middle East region.
Published 120 research papers that had to do with his field: obstetrics and gynecology, and participated in eight text books that are related to his field, as well. His latest book about reforming the Education was published in November 2011.
Badrawi came from a family that affiliated with Egypt’s liberal Al-Wafd party. He entered the political life himself in the second half of the 1990s. In 2000, he joined the National Democratic Party with ex-president Hosni Mubarak, who was ruling the party, alongside with his son, Gamal Mubarak.
Badrawi won a seat in the assembly that he occupied before for five years, in which he headed the parliamentary committee on fields like the education and the scientific research. Within the party and in the parliament itself, Badrawi established several initiatives on education that strived to improve the educational system in Egypt. Badrawi started an extensive reform program for all the high school and the university levels, in which policy papers on education-related issues were made.
In addition, Badrawi became one of the members of the National Council for Human Rights in 2004 and stayed till 2007, where he helped head the council’s committee on issues regarding social rights. He also became a member of the board of trustees in the Bibliotheca Alexandria in Egypt.
Badrawi lost his seat in the parliament, when he ran again in 2005, to businessman Hisham Mostafa Khalil.
In 2010, Badrawi criticized the opposition for refusing to let Gamal Mubarak run in the presidential elections. Accordingly, one of his famous quotes is, “If President Hosni Mubarak doesn’t stand in 2011 elections, it’s natural that the NDP select Gamal Mubarak as its candidate.”
His time during the 25th of January Revolution
Badrawi was appointed by ex-president Hosni Mubarak, during the Egyptian revolution of 2011 on February 5. He became the new secretary general of Hosni Mubarak's ruling NDP. On 11 February, less than a week after, he resigned from the position and the party. to replace NDP Stalwart Safwat Al-Sherif as party secretary general. This was in attempt to still try and save the situation, when the protests intensified everywhere in Egypt. Badrawi announced his support to the revolution, by recommending Hosni Mubarak to step down, delegate his powers to vice president Omar Suleiman, and call for early elections, but Mubarak refused to make this move. One of the quotes that he announced regarding the advices he gave to Mubarak then was, “Egypt isn’t in need of tragic developments that don’t allow for economic development. We want work. We want companies to make profits and pay taxes. We want safety and stability.”
When Hosni Mubarak refused to resign and came out to his people with a speech on February 10 that said he was not leaving, Badrawi decided to resign the following day, February 11.
After the Revolution
Badrawi focused on domestic politics. He played an important role in the formation of Misr AlNahda Party (Egypt Renaissance). He also joined intellectuals and businessmen to start the Ittihad (Union) Party. Those two parties are thought to be aiming for economic and political liberalization.
- "NDP Offshoots". Ahram Online. 18 November 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- "Hossam Badrawi". Jadaliyya and Ahram Online. 18 November 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- Alexandrina Webcast "Biography". Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- Hossam Badrawi Official WEbsite "About Dr Hossam Badrawi". Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "Hossam Badrawi New Guard". Al-Ahram. 10–16 February 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "Egypt unrest: US disowns envoy comment on Hosni Mubarak". BBC. 5 November 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- "Live blog Feb 11 - Egypt protests". Al Jazeera English. 10 February 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2013.