Hossein Dehghan

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Hossein Dehghan
Minister of Defense
Incumbent
Assumed office
15 August 2013
President Hassan Rouhani
Preceded by Ahmad Vahidi
Secretary of the Defense Department of the Expediency Council
In office
2 March 2010 – 15 August 2013
Preceded by Mohammad Forouzandeh
Succeeded by Ahmad Vahidi
Vice President and
Head of the Foundation of Martyrs and Veterans Affairs[1]
In office
2004–2009
President Mohammad Khatami
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Succeeded by Masoud Zaribafan
Personal details
Born Hossein Dehghani Poudeh[2]
1957 (age 56–57)
Pudeh, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Political party Independent[3]
Alma mater University of Tehran
Occupation Military person
Profession Metallurgical Engineer, University professor[2]
Religion Islam
Military service
Allegiance Iran Iran
Service/branch Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution
Years of service 1979–2004[2]
Rank 18- Sartipp-IRGC.png Brigadier General
Unit Aerospace Force[1]
Battles/wars Iran-Iraq War[2]
1982 Lebanon War[2]
South Lebanon conflict[2]

Hossein Dehghan (Persian: حسین دهقان; born 1957) is a former air force officer with the rank of brigadier general and minister of defense. He was designated for the position by President Hassan Rouhani on 4 August 2013 and confirmed by the parliament on 15 August.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Dehghan was born in a village near Shahreza, called Pudeh, Dehaqan County, Isfahan province, in 1957.[2][4][5] He received a PhD in management from the University of Tehran.[6][7]

Career and activities[edit]

Dehghan served as a commander in the Iranian Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) and in its air force.[8][9] He left his hometown for Tehran and joined the IRGC shortly after the Iranian revolution in 1979.[4] His posts at the IRGC include commander of IRGC of Tehran (1980-1982), Isfahan, and Syria and Lebanon (1982-1983),[4]- he was one of the men responsible for the 1983 Beirut barracks bombing,[10] - and general manager of the IRGC's Cooperatives Foundation (1996).[11][12]

During the Iran-Iraq war, he was among leading and decision-making commanders of the IRGC along with Mohsen Rezaee, Rahim Safavi and Ali Shamkhani.[13] In Syria and Lebanon he was the commander of the training corps of the IRGC.[4] He was named the IRGC's air force deputy commander in 1986 and became its commander in April 1990.[14] His tenure lasted until 1992 and he was replaced by Mohammad Hossein Jalali in the post.[14] Dehghan was named deputy chief of the IRGC Joint Staff in 1992.[11] He later was promoted to the rank of brigadier general.[11]

Next he served as deputy to the then defense minister, Ali Shamkhani, during the presidency of Mohammad Khatami from 1997 to 2003.[11][15][16] In 2003, he held the post of acting defense minister.[17] He was made deputy president of the martyrs foundation, Bonyad Shahid, in 2005 and served as its president from 2005 to July 2009.[11][12] In addition, he served as an advisor to the former President Mahmoud Ahmedinejad.[12][18] From 2009 to 2010 he was the deputy to Ali Shamkhani in the Armed Forces Strategic Studies Center.[11] Then he was appointed secretary of the Expediency Council's political, defense and security committee in 2010.[8] He also served as an advisor to Speaker of Parliament Ali Larijani and Tehran Mayor Mohammad Bagher Qalibaf.[11] However, Dehghan distanced himself from Ahmedinejad in 2012 and joined Moderation and Development Party led by Hassan Rouhani.[11]

He was nominated to head the defense ministry on 4 August 2013.[19] He was approved by the Majlis and replaced Ahmad Vahidi in the post. Dehghan received 269 votes in favor and 10 votes against.[20] Former Oil Minister Rostam Qasemi was named as Dehghan's advisor on 22 August.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Biography of Hossein Dehghan Hamshahri
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Biography of Hossein Dehghan, Iranian government official website
  3. ^ Political affiliation of Rouhani Cabinet members, Mehr News Agency
  4. ^ a b c d Shapira, Shimon (11 August 2013). "Iran’s New Defense Minister: Behind the 1983 Attack on the U.S. Marine Corps Barracks in Beirut". Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Who is Hossein Dehghan, Hassan Rouhani’s choice for defense minister". NCRI. 13 August 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "President Hassan Rouhani’s pragmatic conservative, security-intelligence-oriented Cabinet nominations". Iran Politik. 6 August 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Key figures in Iran's new government". Bloomberg. 15 August 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Former IRGCAF commander: I’m Rouhani’s choice for DM". Iran Daily Brief. 1 August 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  9. ^ Karimi, Nasser (4 August 2013). "Hasan Rouhani, Iran’s new president, calls for ‘lessening of hostilities’". MSNBC (Tehran). AP. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Weekly Standard, September 2013 secret history Hezbollah
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Fulton, Will (7 August 2013). "Rouhani’s Cautious Pick For Defense Minister". Al Monitor. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c Frederic Wehrey; Jerrold D Green; Brian Nichiporuk; Alireza Nader, Lydia Hansell (31 December 2008). The Rise of the Pasdaran: Assessing the Domestic Roles of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps. Rand Corporation. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-8330-4680-2. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "The Islamic Republic's 13 generals". Iran Briefing. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  14. ^ a b Cordesman, Anthony H. (September 1994). "Iran’s Military Forces: 1988-1993". Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  15. ^ "Russian Deputy Defense Minister arrives in Iran". Albawaba. 24 June 2002. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  16. ^ "Rouhani's proposed cabinet line-up". Iran Daily. 6 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  17. ^ "Iran Military to Upgrade Its Shahab-3 Missiles". Arab News (Tehran). Reuters. 16 December 2003. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  18. ^ Frederic Wehrey; Jerrold D. Green; Brian Nichiporuk; Alireza Nader; Lydia Hansell; Rasool Nafisi; S. R. Bohandy (2009). "The Rise of the Pasdaran". RAND Corporation. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  19. ^ Lennie, Soraya (4 August 2013). "Iran's revival of the moderates". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  20. ^ "Iranian Parliament Gives Vote of Confidence to Majority of Rouhani’s Proposed Ministers". Fars News. 15 August 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  21. ^ "Ex-Iranian Oil Minister Qasemi appointed advisor to Defense Minister". ILNA. 22 August 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2013.