Hossein Kharrazi

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Hosein Kharrazi (حسین خرازی)
Hosein-kharazi-010.jpg
Nickname(s) Haj Hosein
Born 1957
Esfahan, Iran Iran
Died 1986 (29)
Shalamcheh region, Khuzestan, Iran
Allegiance AGIR
Years of service 1978–1986
Rank Major General
(Persian: سرلشکر‎)
Commands held AGIR
Battles/wars Iran–Iraq War
Operation Tarigh ol-Qods
Operation Fath-ol-Mobeen
Operation Beit ol-Moqaddas
Operation Ramadan
Operation Dawn 4
Battle of the Marshes
Operation Khaibar
First Battle of al-Faw
Operation Dawn 8
Operation Karbala-4
Operation Karbala-5

Major General (Persian: سرلشکر‎) Hosein Kharrazi (Persian: حسین خرازی‎, UniPers: Hoseyne Xarrâzi) (1957 – 27 February 1986) was an Iranian commander of "Imam Hosein 14th Division" during Iran-Iraq War. He supported Islamic revolution and after its victory, served and helped safeguarding it. He was engaged in many operations during the war, especially Dawn 8 in which he captured troops of Saddam Republican Guard in Al-Faw Peninsula; and in Operation Karbala-5 as the commander of the vanguard forces. Kharrazi was killed by shrapnel from a mortar bomb in Operation Karbala-5.

History[edit]

During his adolescence he was interested in religious publications. Kharrazi participated in religious congregations and learning theological subjects. His curiosity toward religious matters increased during the campaigns against the Pahlavis and he became more aware of the contemporary political circumstances. While performing his military service, Kharrazi was sent to Dhofar. He deserted the armed forces finally in 1978, according to the direction of Ruhollah Khomeini, and joined the revolutionaries.

Iran-Iraq war[edit]

His first considerable command was in Darkhovin region close to Abadan-Ahvaz road, known as "The Lion Frontier". In the battle, the Iranian troops resisted Saddam's army for 9 months. He became the commander of Darkhovin front. Kharrazi served actively in freeing Bostan afterwards. Following Operation Tarigh ol-Qods, "Imam Hossein brigade" was established which soon was reorganized to a division with Kharrazi being appointed as the Major General. His troops participated in the following operations: Fath-ol-Mobeen and Beit ol-Moqaddas for the Liberation of Khorramshahr. In the later operation, his division was among the first which passed Karun river and reached Ahvaz-Khorramshahr road. As a commander he was also involved in other operations like Ramadan, "Preliminary Dawn", Dawn 4; and Khaibar during which he lost an arm. He often reconnoitered combatant's territories himself. In Operation Dawn 8 his troops managed to defeat Saddam's Republican Guard and had victories in Al-Faw Peninsula and around "Salt Factory". During Operation Karbala-5 Kharrazi's division was the spearhead and succeeded to pass arched embankments of the combatant army.

"Karbala-5" was his last operation. Under the heavy artillery bombardment of Saddam's forces, food supplies became critical. He took the direct responsibility of providing food, and during this effort, a mortar bomb exploded and killed him. Kharrazi was a staunch adherent of Islam and the ideals of the Islamic revolution of Iran.

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