Hostile prejudice, or hostile racism, is the outward expression of hate for people of a different race, religion, ideology, country, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity. Anyone who goes against specific criteria of dress, cultural or moral beliefs, or religious or political ideologies are subject to hostile racism. This racism often leads to direct discrimination to anyone who doesn’t fit the prejudicial person’s idea of a ‘normal’ person. This behavior is most prevalent when there are noticeable differences between ingroups and outgroups, with the outgroup members experiencing hostile prejudice from ingroup members.
Research On Hostile Prejudice/Racism
Most research done on hostile prejudice has been done on hostile sexism. Peter Glick and Susan T. Fiske, along with several other colleagues, did a study on hostile and benevolent sexism across cultures. Glick and his colleagues found that hostile sexism and benevolent sexism are consistent notions that have a positive relationship to each other across nations. Women and men are viewed by hostile sexism as opposites in that women try to control men by domesticated means (ex: marriage, demands for attention, and material possessions), forcing men to attempt to hang on to their independence and keep their masculinity. Glick and colleagues found that if sexism in a culture is high overall, than women will tend to reject hostile sexism, over benevolent sexism when it comes to men. They also found that based on national averages on hostile sexism and benevolent sexism, predictions can be made regarding gender inequality across nations.
- Benevolent prejudice
- Ambivalent prejudice
- Conflict Theory
- Hate crime
- Hate speech
- Ambivalent sexism
- Glick, Peter; Fiske, Susan T. (1996). "The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory: Differentiating hostile and benevolent sexism". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 70 (3): 491–512. doi:10.1037/0022-35184.108.40.2061.
- Glick, Peter; Fiske, Susan T.; Mladinic, Antonio; Saiz, José L.; Abrams, Dominic; Masser, Barbara; Adetoun, Bolanle; Osagie, Johnstone E.; Akande, Adebowale; Alao, Amos; Brunner, Barbara; Willemsen, Tineke M.; Chipeta, Kettie; Dardenne, Benoit; Dijksterhuis, Ap; Wigboldus, Daniel; Eckes, Thomas; Six-Materna, Iris; Expósito, Francisca; Moya, Miguel; Foddy, Margaret; Kim, Hyun-Jeong; Lameiras, Maria; Sotelo, Maria José; Mucchi-Faina, Angelica; Romani, Myrna; Sakalli, Nuray; Udegbe, Bola; Yamamoto, Mariko; Ui, Miyoko (2000). "Beyond prejudice as simple antipathy: Hostile and benevolent sexism across cultures". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 79 (5): 763–75. doi:10.1037/0022-35220.127.116.113. PMID 11079240.
- Whitley, Bernard E.; Kite, Mary E. (2010). The Psychology of Prejudice and Discrimination. Cengage Learning. ISBN 978-0-495-81128-2.[page needed]