Hostivít

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Hostivít was the last of the seven Bohemian mythical princes between the (also mythical) founder of the Přemyslid dynasty Přemysl the Ploughman and the first historical prince Bořivoj. The names of the princes were first recorded in Cosmas chronicle and then transmitted into the most of historical books of the 19th century including František Palacký's The History of the Czech Nation in Bohemia and Moravia. According to tradition, he was the father of the non-legendary prince Bořivoj. Some historians suppose that when St. Ludmila was born, Hostivít (or Svatopluk I of Moravia) and Ludmila's father, Slavibor, contracted that Bořivoj and Ludmilla would get married (that can refer to the wedding procession of an unknown bride mentioned in Annales Fuldenses for 871.[1] According to So-called Dalimil Hostivít had a brother called Děpolt who inherited the land of Kouřim.[2]

One theory about the number of the princes is propped on the frescoes on the walls of the Rotunda in Znojmo, Moravia but Anežka Merhautová claimed that the frescoes depict all the members of the Přemyslid dynasty including the Moravian junior princes.[3]

Origin of the name[edit]

Hostivít's name is thought to be derived from the old Slavonic words "hosti" meaning guests and "vítat" meaning to welcome. Záviš Kalandra thought the names of the seven princes were cryptical names of ancient Slavonic days of the week - Hostivít being the seventh - Saturday when the guests are welcome.[4] Another theory says that the names were mistaken from a coherent and partly interrupted old Slavonic text.[5]

Seven mythical princes after Přemysl[edit]

Mythical Princes of Bohemia
Nezamysl
Mnata
Vojen
Vnislav
Křesomysl
Neklan
Hostivít

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Notes 4 and 6 on
  2. ^ Chronicle of Dalimil
  3. ^ Barbara Krzemieńska-Anežka Merhautová-Dušan Třeštík: "Moravští Přemyslovci ve znojemské rotundě", Praha 2000.
  4. ^ Záviš Kalandra: "České pohanství", Praha 1947
  5. ^ Vladimír Karbusický: Báje, mýty, dějiny. Nejstarší české pověsti v kontextu evropské kultury, p.237, Praha 1995 [1]