Hostosian National Independence Movement
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The MINH was formed on May 6, 2004, by a merger of the National Hostosian Congress (CNH) and the New Puerto Rican Independence Movement (NMIP). The two groups that formed the MINH were organizational descendants of the Puerto Rican Socialist Party (PSP). The organization's name and ideology are based on the tradition of Eugenio María de Hostos, a historical independence advocate. The official organ of the MINH is Red Betances and the newspaper "El Hostosiano".
The MINH was founded by the unification of two other independence groups: the "Congreso Nacional Hostosiano (CNH)" and the "Nuevo Movimiento Independentista Puertorriqueno (NMIP)". The MINH is not, nor strives to be, an electoral party. Instead, the MINH original goal was to operate in Civil Society as an autonomous entity engaged in community organizing, patriotic education campaigns, anti-colonialism, and defending/promoting the ideal of independence among Puerto Ricans.
The MINH, as an organization, does not aspire to be an "electoral party", although its members are given the freedom to vote or not vote in Puerto Rican elections. Controversies exist within the independence movement because the MINH does not compel its members to vote for any particular party, but rather whichever candidate they, as individuals, believe is the best to administer the country. These controversies have greatly impacted the Puerto Rican independence movement. Along with the MINH, other independence organizations are the Puerto Rican Independence Party, the Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico, the Socialist Front, Communist Party of Puerto Rico, and the Socialist Workers Movement.
The MINH has also been a strong catalyst in promoting a unicameral legislature in Puerto Rico, a Constituent Assembly on Status, and a greater role for Puerto Rico in the international arena, especially in the United Nations. Since 2004, the MINH has been organizing itself at the national, regional, and municipal levels with "base structures" and "specialized organizations". The MINH National Committee or Headquarters is located in San Juan. All other major Puerto Rican cities (Ponce, Mayagüez, Arecibo, Caguas, Toa Baja and Carolina) have Municipal Committees or "Base Structures" as do various other smaller towns throughout the island.
The MINH also operates various "Puerto Rico Missions", of which the most important is located in Havana, Cuba. Many more missions are planned to be established throughout Latin America, especially Mexico and Venezuela. Established groups that share the aims and goals of the MINH can join and affiliate themselves as "Specialized Organizations". The MINH has also established its own newspaper called "El Hostosiano" which is distributed throughout the island.
- Presidency- Three (3) co-Presidents are in charge of policy and administration.
- Executive Directorate-(9) MINH political leadership
- National Directorate-(30+) MINH Delegates (Commissions/Organizations)
- National Assembly- meets to elect leadership and propose policy
- Commissions- various work groups dedicated to a function or area, such as Organization, Finance, Political Education, and International Affairs.
MINH members (called "hostosianos") must be committed to the defense of "Social Justice Participatory Democracy and Making Puerto Rico a Free, Sovereign, and Independent Nation."
Political Program and Platform
- Policy of Organizational Diversity
- "National Unity"
- "Patriotic Unity"
- Active Participation in Presenting Proposals
- Organizational Inclusiveness, Participatory Democracy, and Respect for Divergent Positions
- "Union of non-organized forces"
- "Policy of Alliances"
- "Internationalist Policy"
- Promoting the Interests of Mainland Puerto Ricans