Hot 100 Airplay (Radio Songs)

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The Radio Songs chart (previously named Hot 100 Airplay[1]) is released weekly by Billboard magazine and measures the airplay of songs being played on radio stations throughout the United States across all musical genres. It is one of the three components, along with sales (both physical and the digital) and streaming activity, that determine the chart positions of songs on the Billboard Hot 100.

Chart data collection[edit]

Each week, the Radio Songs chart ranks the 100 songs with the most airplay points (frequently referred to as audience impressions, which is a calculation of the number of times a song is played and the audience size of the station playing the tune). A song can pick up an airplay point every time it is selected to be played on specific radio stations that Billboard monitors. Radio stations across the board are used, from Top 40 Mainstream (which plays a wide variety of music that is generally the most popular songs of the time) to more genre-specific radio stations such as urban radio and country music.

During the early years of the chart, only airplay data from top 40 radio stations (mainstream, adult pop and rhythmic), adult contemporary and modern rock formats were compiled to generate the chart. However, beginning in December 1998, the chart profile expanded to include airplay data from radio stations of other formats such as R&B, rock and country. To preserve the notion of the former chart, the Top 40 Tracks chart (now defunct) was introduced at the same time.

Per Billboard (as of October 2011):

"1,214 stations, encompassing pop, adult, rock, country, R&B/hip-hop, Christian, gospel, dance, jazz and Latin formats, are electronically monitored 24 hours a day, 7 days a week by Nielsen Broadcast Data System. This data is used to compile the Billboard Hot 100."

The chart was first published as Hot 100 Airplay, a 30-position chart which debuted on October 20, 1984. It was expanded to 40 positions on May 31, 1986, and to 75 positions on December 8, 1990.[2]

Strength of airplay[edit]

Singles usually enter the Radio Songs chart before any other, because in most cases, they hit the airwaves before being made commercially available online or in stores. Prior to December 5, 1998, the Hot 100 was solely compiled of songs that were commercially available. This means that songs could enter the airplay chart, but would not be eligible for the Hot 100 unless a commercial single in stores was issued. In the 1990s, numerous tracks such as "Don't Speak" by No Doubt, "Lovefool" by The Cardigans, "3 A.M." by Matchbox 20, "When I Come Around" by Green Day all did well on the Airplay chart, but were not allowed to enter the Hot 100 because no commercial single was available, even though they would have probably been significant hits on the Hot 100 without the need of a commercial single.

Due to circumstances like this becoming a growing trend with major record labels to release singles only to radio (as they felt commercial releases were a factor in decreasing album sales), many in the music industry requested that Billboard rethink its long-standing rule of "singles only" on the Hot 100. Billboard conducted extensive research and polls of music and recording industry insiders to assess the need for such a revamp of the chart, and it was concluded that allowing airplay-only singles into the Hot 100 was the correct choice, as the chart has always been a reflection of what songs are most popular in the United States. This new rule would present an accurate tool for those in the music industry to gauge the popularity of their "product" and to analyze marketing strategies, etc.

Album cut implementation[edit]

After December 5, 1998, songs could chart on the Hot 100 with just airplay points. However, before they were allowed onto the Hot 100, they had to make the Top 75 on the Hot 100 Airplay chart. Starting from the chart issue of February 12, 2005, songs without a retail component were allowed to chart on the Hot 100 regardless of their rank on the Hot 100 Airplay chart.[3] Songs that charted on the Hot 100 without a commercial single release were known as album cuts. The first airplay-only single to hit number one on the Hot 100 came in June 2000 when Aaliyah's "Try Again" spent one week at the top. The method of radio-only cuts eventually stopped after the incorporation of digital downloaded music-based points into the Hot 100, which made album cuts always available to download, even if not released as a single.

Records[edit]

Highest debut[edit]

No. 2

No. 4

No. 6

No. 8

  • Mariah Carey — "Fantasy" (Sep 09, 1995)

No. 9

Most weeks at number one[edit]

18 weeks

16 weeks

14 weeks

13 weeks

12 weeks:

11 weeks

10 weeks

Highest audience peaks[4][edit]

Listed here are airplay peaks by song. Even if a song has registered enough impressions to be listed during multiple weeks, it is only listed once.

Artist with the most number ones BDS-based chart's December 1990 inception[edit]

Source:[8]

Most cumulative weeks at number one[edit]

  • Mariah Carey holds the record for the most weeks at number one in total with 93 weeks atop the chart.

Most consecutive number ones[edit]

Self replacement at number one[edit]

Use in countdown shows[edit]

From November 30, 1991 until January 2, 1993, the American Top 40 countdown show used the top 40 portion of this chart as its main source.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Trust, Gary (2014-01-08). "Pitbull, Ke$ha Take 'Timber' to Top of Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 2014-01-08. 
  2. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2009). Top Pop Singles (12th ed.). Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. p. 11. ISBN 0-89820-180-2. 
  3. ^ "Chart Beat Chat". Billboard. Retrieved 2013-11-09. 
  4. ^ "Ask Billboard: Katy Perry, Christina Aguilera, Lady Gaga". Billboard.com. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Robin Thicke No. 1, Katy Perry No. 2 On Hot 100". Billboard.com. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Pharrell Williams' 'Happy' Holds Atop Hot 100; DJ Snake & Lil Jon Hit Top 10". Billboard.com. Retrieved 03 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Pharrell Williams Tops Hot 100; Ed Sheeran Blasts In at No. 15". Billboard.com. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  8. ^ Trust, Gary (2013-05-01). "Eminem, Rihanna Rule Hot 100 With 'The Monster'". Billboard. Retrieved 2013-05-01. 

External links[edit]