Hot Spring County, Arkansas
|Hot Spring County, Arkansas|
Hot Spring County Courthouse in Malvern
Location in the state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||November 2, 1829|
|• Total||622 sq mi (1,611 km2)|
|• Land||615 sq mi (1,593 km2)|
|• Water||7.0 sq mi (18 km2), 1.1%|
|• Density||54/sq mi (21/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Hot Spring County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,923. The county seat is Malvern. Hot Spring County was formed on November 2, 1829, from a portion of Clark County. It was named for the hot springs at Hot Springs, Arkansas, which were within its boundaries until Garland County was formed in 1874. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.
- Garland County (north)
- Saline County (northeast)
- Grant County (east)
- Dallas County (southeast)
- Clark County (south & west)
- Montgomery County (northwest)
National protected area
- Ouachita National Forest (part)
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 30,353 people, 12,004 households, and 8,834 families residing in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 13,384 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.33% White, 10.26% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. 1.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 12,004 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,543, and the median income for a family was $37,077. Males had a median income of $27,800 versus $19,461 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,216. About 10.30% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.00% of those under age 18 and 14.20% of those age 65 or over.
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Hot Spring County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. 
- Big Creek
- Brown Springs
- Butterfield (part of Rockport and Malvern)
- Clear Creek
- De Roche
- Fenter (Perla, most of Malvern, part of Rockport)
- Lone Hill (part of Midway)
- Magnet (Magnet Cove)
- Ouachita (Donaldson)
- Prairie (Friendship, most of Midway)
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Summary Population and Housing Characteristics, CPH-1-5, Arkansas" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. United States Census Bureau. September 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
- U. S. Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Hot Spring County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05059_hot_spring/BAS11C20505900000_000.pdf. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
||Montgomery County||Garland County||Saline County|
|Clark County||Clark County||Dallas County|