Hotel Green in 1905
|Location||99 South Raymond Avenue
|Architect||Frederick L. Roehrig|
|NRHP Reference #||82002196|
|Added to NRHP||March 23, 1982|
The Hotel Green, built in 1903 in Pasadena, California, was home to both the Tournament of Roses and the Valley Hunt Club. The hotel was built by George Gill Green and was supplemented by two later buildings, creating a complex of three structures.
Hotel Green, by Los Angeles-based architect Frederick Roehrig, was the first of the three buildings; it was published in the periodical The Western Architect in December 1905.
Castle Green was the second building in the complex and was originally known as the "Central Annex." By 1924 the hotel was owned by a group of investors who divided the hotel complex into three parts. The Central Annex was subdivided into fifty residential apartments and renamed the Castle Green. The Castle Green is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the State Historic Register, and the City of Pasadena's list of Historic Places.
Construction on Hotel Green was initiated in 1887 by developer Edward C. Webster. Webster also built a new Santa Fe Railroad station next to his hotel to attract business from railway passengers. Webster went bankrupt before finishing his hotel, though, and Colonel George G. Green acquired the building. Green doubled the size of the hotel in 1893, and the newly expanded hotel opened for business the following year.
Hotel Green acquired a reputation as a luxury hotel; Pasadena historian Henry Markham Page later described it as "the first fine hotel in Pasadena". The hotel hosted society events such as receptions for significant visitors and the Valley Hunt Club's annual ball. In addition, the hotel contributed to Pasadena's economy and population. Lodgers at the hotel were credited with spending large amounts of money at Pasadena businesses, and many tourists ultimately decided to live in Pasadena. Due to the hotel's success, Green began building an addition in 1897, then known as "The Annex" but now called Castle Green. The Annex opened on January 16, 1899; its opening coincided with Green's birthday, and 1,000 guests came to celebrate the occasion. The new building was set back from the street, which allowed for space for a new garden; the garden became Pasadena's only parkland.
The hotel continued to grow in popularity with the new addition. The addition's pedestrian bridge over Raymond Avenue became a popular viewing site for the Rose Parade, which ran along the street at the time. Green added a third annex in 1903, known as the Wooster Block, and planned to add a fourth before running short on money. The Wooster Block incorporated an earlier building constructed in 1887, which had been part of the original site of the California Institute of Technology.
Daniel M. Linnard bought the hotel from Green in 1914. The hotel's business declined after this point, as the rise of automobile travel took away its market of Santa Fe Railroad passengers. The hotel building on the east side of Raymond Avenue (the original Hotel Green building) was sold in 1920. The bridge connecting the two buildings was demolished in 1929, and the original Hotel Green building largely met the same fate in 1935. Castle Green (originally called "The Annex") became an apartment complex and has been used as a film set for movies such as The Sting. The Wooster Block survived the demolition but fell into disuse; it eventually became a senior citizens' home in 1972.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Gadski, Mary Ellen (March 20, 1979). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Hotel Green". National Park Service. Retrieved August 12, 2013. Accompanied by photos.
- "Official website of Castle Green". Retrieved 2008-07-08.